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Copy of IGC 1 - Element 3 - Organising 1

Scott Halstead - IGC 1 Element 3 - Organising 1
by

Steve McClean

on 26 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of IGC 1 - Element 3 - Organising 1


NEBOSH International General Certificate
In Occupational Safety And Health

IGC 1 - Element 1
Foundations In Health And Safety

At the end of this element, you should be able to:

Outline the scope and nature of occupational health and safety

Explain the moral and financial reasons for promoting good standards of health and safety in the workplace

Explain the legal framework for the regulation of health and safety including sources and types of law

Intended Learning Outcomes

What is occupational health, safety and welfare? They could be defined as ;
Health :
A statement of complete mental, physical and social well-being
Safety :
Absence of danger, risk, or injury. Protection of people from harm
Welfare :
Looking after peoples' basic needs. Provision of facilities to support health and well-being
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ILO-OSH, 2001 (ILO)
Organising
Directors Duties
Health & Safety Advisors
Contract relationships
Outline the organisational health and safety roles and responsibilities of employers, directors and managers
Explain the concept of health and safety culture and its significance in the management of health and safety in an organisation
Outline the human factors which influence behaviour at work in a way that can effect health and safety
Explain how health and safety behaviour at work can be improved
outline the need for emergency procedures and arrangements for contacting emergency services
Outline the requirements for, and effective provision of, first aid in the workplace
Policy
Organising
Planing and implementation
Evaluation
Action for
Action for improvement
Audit
Competence
Recruitment and selection
SKATE (Skills, Knowledge, Ability, Training, Experience)
Qualifications of all staff
Commitment and control
Allocating responsibilities and accountabilities,
Securing commitment
Providing instruction and supervision
Co-operation
Internally between individuals, groups
Consultation with employees
Externally between clients, suppliers, contractors, etc
Communication
Flows in all directions
Both internally & externally
Oral, written and visual
Organising
Roles and Responsibilities
Internal
(covered in the law section)
Employer
Directors / senior management
Middle management / supervisors
Employees
External
Person in control of premises
Suppliers
Clients an contractors
Employers
Provision of:
Safe workplace, work equipment and substances
Incuding safe systems of work
Safe and competent fellow employees
Incuding selection
Information, training, instruction and supervision (ITIS)
Welfare facilities
Emergency procedures
Consutation with employers or their representatives
Employees
Co-operation with employer, to meet employer's legal obligations
Reporting dangerous situations to employer
Duty of care to themselves and other persons by working safely
Using equipment and following safe systems of work as informed / trained.
Safe
Premises
Access and egress
Plant or substances
Contract agreements may place further responsibilities, e.g. for the maintenance of the premises and equipment
Appoint a Director responsible for H&S
Ensuring adequate resources are in place
Accept formally and publicly their collective and individual roles in providing H&S leadership in their organisation
Ensure all board decisions reflect their health and safety intentions
Recognise their role in engaging the active participation of workers in improving H&S
Directors Duties
Carry out an annual review of H&S performance
Keep the H&S policy up to date and review it at least annually
Ensure that there effective management systems for monitoring and reporting on the organisation's H&S performance
Ensure that H&S failures and their investigations are communicated to board members
Ensure that regular audits are carried out
Competent Assistance
Internal where possible
If not, external consultants
Only Advisers
Not the only person to Manage H&S
Wide range of expert advice may be needed
Engineers/ Occupational Hygienists/ Ergonomists etc.
Health & Safety Advisors
Provide advise and support on
Creating and developing H&S policies
The promotion of a positive H&S culture
H&S planning and target setting
Risk Identification and Control
H&S Training
Accident/incident investigation, reporting and analysis
Performance reviews and audits of the health & safety management system
Health & Safety Advisors
Have appropriate training and qualification (will differ depending on business)
H&S staff must
Be able to interpret the law as it applies to business
Be able to present their advice independently and effectively
Report accurate feedback to senior Managers/Directors regularly
Keep up to date information systems
Many larger organisations are focusing improved H&S standards through the supply chain
Smaller organisations looking for business need to demonstrate that they meet minimum standards in health & safety
E.g Contractors Health and Safety Assessment Schemes
Contractors
"A contractor is anyone an organisation employs to do work ( & is not an employee)"
Construction/Maintenance/Repairs
Electricians/Gas/Water
Decorating
Construction/Maintenance/Repairs
Fire extinguishers/alarms/emergency lighting
Information Technology
Catering
cleaning etc.
Clients & Contractor Relationship
In any client/contractor relationship, BOTH parties have duties under health & safety law
The extent of each parties responsibilities
will depend on the nature of the contract
Full transcript