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Socials 11 Government Mind Map

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Lexi Brown

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Socials 11 Government Mind Map

Queen Canadian Government
Mind Map By: Lexi Brown Structure of
Government Executive Legislative Judicial Municipal
Government Provincial
Government Federal
Government Three Branches Three Levels Political
Parties 5 Major Parties Communism Socialism Liberalism Conservatism Fascism Right
Wing Left
Wing Center The Court
System Makes decisions Includes: Governor General,
Minister,Cabinet and public
services. Makes, writes
and changes
laws. Includes: Governor General,
House of Commons, and Senate. Interprets
laws. Ensures governments
act within the constitution. Seperate from
other branches. Power rests with
courts and judges. Election and
Processes Process Dissolution -prime minister dismisses
MP's and fix election date.
-2 conditions
-5 year term coming to
an end
-defeated by a major
bill in Parliment. Enumeration -enumerators compile
numbers and names
of all eligable voters
(including age and
address). Nomination -each party nominates
a candidate.
-candidate must have
at least 25 electors'
Campaigning -parties and candidates
present themselves to the
public through speeches,
posters and commercials. Balloting -voters go to local school
or community center.
-voter drops ballot in box
Tabulation -ballots are counted.
-results are announced. The Legislative
Process Cabinet minister has idea for a bill Idea expained to Cabinet Cabinet approves bill Lawyers draft bill Cabinet committee examines bill Cabinet and caucus approve bill Bill introduced to House of Commons
or Senate for first reading Second reading House debates and votes
on principle of bill Parlimentary committee examines bill House amends bill Third reading, debate and vote Bill passes House Senate (or House of Commons, if introduced
in Senate) examines, debates, amendes bill Bill passes Senate Governor general gives formal assent; bill is now law Second Reading -debate principle of bill
-bill can't be amended
-second reading vote
-referred to Standing
Committee. Third Reading -debate is more restricted to
content of bill
-when passed, moves to
royal assent Proposed legislation is
intoduced to the legislature. First Reading -education
-natural resources,
-health care
-social welfare
-transportation -defence, army
-criminal law
-postal service
-trade regulations
-money and banking
-citizenship -water
-waste collection
-public transit
-road maintenance
-emergency services
-police services
-economic development Political Spectrum Criminal Law -deals with relationships between
individuals or groups. There is a
plantiff and a defendant. Cival Law -deals with matters that affect
society as a whole.
-laid out in the Criminal Code
of Canada.
-breaking criminal law is considered
a crime against the state and is carried
out in the name of the crown.
-there is a prosecution and a defence.
The Supreme Court -court for all legal issues in Canada.
-appointed by Governor General.
-court's decisions are defining our
rights and changing our legal system.
-decisions can't be altered unless
parliament passes a constitutional
amendment. The Provincial Court -deals with: criminal laws, family matters,
youth matters, small claims and traffic and
municipal by-laws. Role of the Citizens -vote
-protest, petition
(civil disobedience)
-run to be a candidate
Constitutions The Unwritten
Constitution -includes numerous customs, laws,
statutes, rules and practices.
-developed from parlimentary tradition
in Britian. The Written Constitution 3 main parts:
1) A description of the powers of our
provincial legislature and Parliment.
2) "Charter of Rights and Freedoms"
outlines rights and responsibilities that
all Canadians posses.
3) An amending formula that outlines
how the Constitutions may be changed. Jobs and
Responsibilities -appoints senators on
command from Prime
Minister. -provides final check
or sober second thought
to legislation that passes
throught the House of
Commons. The Senate Governor General The Cabinet -made up of elected MP's
from the governing party.
-suppose to reflect the social
diversity of Canada.
Civil Servants -permenant employees that
perform the business of
government (teachers,
inspectors, firefighters etc.). Prime Minister -leader of the party with the
most seats in the House of
-Spokesperson for the party.
-decides when to call an election.
-chooses and changes cabinet
-represents Canadians at
international meetings. Official Opposition -leader of the party
with the 2nd most seats. Lieutenant Governor -Representative of the Queen
at the provincal level. Social Studies 11, Block B Premier -The head of the Cabinet Constitutional Monarchy Governor General Prime Minister Cabinet Courts Supreme Court
of Canada Federal
Courts Judicial branch of government Executive branch of government Parliament House of
Commons Senate Legislative branch of government Hierarchy The End
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