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1.2 Identifying Health Risks

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Kenny Detmer

on 10 January 2017

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Transcript of 1.2 Identifying Health Risks

Influences on Health
Heredity
Environment
Media
Technology
Healthcare
Behavior
Heredity
-To some extent, your level of health is already determined when you were born.

-Your heredity, all the traits that are passed biologically from parent to child.

-Even if you inherit a risk factor, you can lower your overall risk by avoiding other risk factors.

-Another part of your heredity is your gender—whether you are male or female.


Physical Environment
-The environment is all the physical and social conditions that surround a person and can influence that person’s health.

-Your physical environment includes both your outdoor and indoor surroundings.

-Being aware of potential risks in your physical environment can help you protect your health.
Social Environment
-Your social environment includes the people you spend time with––your family, friends, classmates, and other people in your community.

-Your social environment is healthier when you choose friends who show concern for their own health and yours.
Culture
-Culture is the beliefs and patterns of behavior that are shared by a group of people and passed from generation to generation.

-In some cultures, public displays of emotion are typical.

-In other cultures people tend to keep their emotions private.

Media
-Media are forms of communication that provide news and entertainment.

-Media can have a positive or negative influence on your health.

-You might receive useful information from a public service announcement or from a news report on a health topic.


Technology
-Advances in technology help doctors to detect health problems sooner and improve the quality of life for patients.

-Some Web sites provide accurate information about health.

-Others are filled with misleading or self-serving information.

-Be sure to consider the source of the information on a Web site and the purpose of the site.


1.2 Identifying Health Risks
Behavior
- Sometimes behaviors become habits.

-A habit is a behavior that is repeated so often that it becomes almost automatic.

-Unhealthy habits can be broken.

-You can set a goal to change your behavior.

-Your goal should include a plan for changing your habit.



Evaluating Health Risks
A risk factor is any action or condition that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other negative outcome.

-Consider both short- and long-term consequences.

-Decide whether you can control the risk factor.

-Analyze the possible benefits and risks of a decision.



Short and Long-Term Consequences
- Some behaviors can have an immediate effect on your health.

-With some risky behaviors, the consequences are not immediate.

-It can be very difficult to change habits that have existed for years. Even if you do change your risky behaviors later in life, you may not be able to repair the damage you may have done to your body.





Risk Factors You Cannot Control
-You can’t control the color of your skin or other risk factors that are part of your heredity.


-Nor can you control all the risk factors in your environment.



Healthcare
- Healthcare includes the medical services provided by doctors, nurses, dentists, and therapists.

-Healthcare also includes the places these people work, such as clinics and hospitals.



Analyzing Benefits and Risks
- Without taking risks and trying new things, it would be impossible to grow as a person.

-You need to weigh the risks of an action against the possible benefits.

-Values – Standards or beliefs that are most important to you




Risk Factors You Can Control
You can control these risk factors that are related to your behavior.

-Your level of physical activity

-Your intake of fat, sugar, or salt

-Your use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

-Your use to protective gear, such as seat belts

-Your choice of friends



A risk-benefit chart can help you decide whether to accept a ride from a friend who only has their driver's permit.
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