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HIV and AIDS Epidemic in the 1980s

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Tyer Morey

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of HIV and AIDS Epidemic in the 1980s

The human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. They were first aware of this disease in the summer of 1981, and has exploded in successive waves in various regions of the world.
The beginning of the epidemic
HIV and AIDS Epidemic
Recent molecular epidemiologic data have indicated the HIV type 1 evolved with the
Pan traglodytes traglodytes
subspecies of chimpanzees and has been present within the subspecies for years. The mostly likely way that humans became contaminated with HIV was when the infected blood got into an open wound. This probably happened when the chimpanzee was being butchered for food.
Origins of HIV

The emergence of HIV in the United States came soon after "gay revolution" that had its origins at the Stonewall Inn, a bar frequently visited my homosexual men, in New York City in 1969. The demographic setting of high-risk homosexual practices that were mainly concentrated in New York, San Francisco, and Los Angeles in the late 70s and early 80s made it a perfect target for an epidemic of sexual transmitted disease. Same patterns began to emerge in other developing countries such as Canada, Australia, and those of western Europe.
There are two main ways the HIV virus is spread, one of those ways is through sex, making it a sexual transmitted disease, the other way to get it is by direct contact with ones blood and someone blood that is already infected.
The Ways the Epdemic Was Passed Around
During the late 70s and early 80s there was a lot more sexual activity involved in the younger generations that wasn't as popular in previous generations. What I mean by this is, the younger generation was more apt to have multiple sexual partners/encounters than that of their parents. Also there were large amount of sex workers in developing and third world countries.
Sexual Transmission
HIV in Hospitals
Certain conditions must be present in order for a epidemic to take place. When demographic and social conditions allow rapid spread of the virus among people did an epidemic actually begin to emerge. These conditions included massive migration from rural areas to urban areas; the break up of family units due to the migratory nature of employment opportunity, this added with sexual promiscuity or extensive frequenting of commercial sex workers; the contamination of the blood supply. The seeds of the epidemic are rooted from Africa.
During the early years of the epidemic blood that was taken and used for blood transfusions weren't screened as thoroughly as they are today. People that were going into hospitals for minor surgeries or had to have any blood given to them were susceptible to getting the virus.
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