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Transcript of Treaty 8
- 640 acres of land was guaranteed for each family of 5, or 160 acres of land for each person not living with a band
- The treaty established reserves across the region and First Nations people living on those reserves lived with all rights under the treaty
-Signed at Lesser
Slave Lake, Alberta Signed on June 21, 1988. An Agreement between the First Nations and The Queen. It turned over the land title to the First Nations, covering 840,000 km. The largest geographical treaty; covering Northern Alberta, North West Saskatchewan, North East British Columbia, ans the South West of the North West Territories. Treaty 8 To bring a peaceful partnership,
and friendship to the
First Nations (Cree, Beaver, Chippewan groups) and the Europeans. "As long as the grass grows, the sun shines, and the river flows"
in the treaty,
- Hunting and
-Schools and education -Exemption from military service
-Exemption from taxes The First Nations- They entered into this agreement wary at first. They were concerned about being able to carry on their traditional lifestyle. Due to the rapidly changing social and economic structure, the preservation of culture was a major concern. They were convinced by the Europeans that it would benefit them to sign the treaty.
Europeans- They saw treaties as the most visible and long term type of agreement, viewing treaties as a fairly straight forward agreement of secure land titles and resources . They needed to get rid of the First Nations title on the land, so they could us it for the gold rush. They did not draft this treaty because they thought it was in the best interest of the First Nations groups involved. Fairness Of Treaty 8 Treaty 8 was not fair to the First Nation groups involved. Because of the gold rush, the Europeans wanted title to the land, therefore they made promises that would be easily broken. An example of this is exemption from taxation.