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Copy of Rizal (Second Homecoming)

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Muriel Angelo Esplanada

on 28 February 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Rizal (Second Homecoming)

DECISION TO RETURN
TO MANILA
May, 1892, Rizal made up his mind to return to Manila.
This Decision was spurred by the following:
To confer with Governor Despujol
regarding his Borneo colonization project.
To establish the
LIGA FILIPINA
in Manila.
To prove that
Eduardo de Lete was wrong in attacking him
in Madrid that he (Rizal), being comfortable and safe in Hongkong, had abandoned the country’s cause.
April 15, 1892,
LETE'S ATTACK
was printed in La Solidaridad, he portrayed Rizal as cowardly, egoistic, opportunistic – a patriot in words only.
May 23, 1892, Rizal confided to Ponce:
“I am very sorry that Del Pilar allowed the article to be published because it will lead many to believe that there is really a schism among us. I believe that we can well have little misunderstanding and personal differences among ourselves, without exhibiting them in public. . . As for myself. . . I always welcomed criticisms because they improve those who wish to be improved.”
Rizal vehemently protested to Del Pilar, the editor of La Solidaridad, saying:
“I am more convinced that Lete, in writing the article, was too hasty, and you permitted yourself to be carried away. Friend or enemy, if the article has harmed me, more it would harm the interests of the Philippines. Who knows, however, if after all it was for the best; it has shaken me awake, and after a long silence I enter the field anew. . . I am going to activate the propaganda again and fortify the Liga.”
Leaders of the reform movement in Spain: Jose Rizal, Marcelo H. del Pilar and Mariano Ponce.
LAST HONGKONG LETTERS
Relatives and friends of Rizal opposed his decision to return home because it was like bearding the lions in their den. His sister Trinidad tearfully warned him to desist,
“for here they will kill you.”
June 19, 1892, Rizal spent his 31st birthday in Hongkong. Evidently, he had a premonition of his death, for the following day, June 20 he wrote two letters which he sealed, inscribed on each envelope,
“To be opened after my death,”
and gave them to his friend Dr. Marquez for safekeeping.
The
FIRST LETTER,
addressed to his PARENTS.
The
SECOND LETTER
,
addressed to THE FILIPINOS.
June 21, 1892,
Rizal penned another letter in Hongkong for Governor Despujol
, incidentally his third letter to that discourteous Spanish Chief Executive. In this letter, he informed the governor-general of his coming to Manila and placed himself under the protection of the Spanish government.
RIZAL FALLS INTO SPANISH TRAP
After Rizal’s departure from Hongkong, the Spanish consul-general, who issued the government guarantee of safety, sent a cablegram to Governor Despujol that the victim
“is in the trap.”

On the same day, a secret case was filed in Manila against Rizal and his followers
“for anti-religious and anti-patriotic agitation.”

The deceitful Despujol ordered his secretary, Luis de la Torre, to find out if Rizal was naturalized as a German citizen, as was rumored, so that he might take proper action against one
“who had the protection of a strong nation.”
ARRIVAL IN MANILA
Rizal and his sister Lucia arrived in Manila at noon of Sunday, June 26, 1892, on board the small steamer Don Juan. They were met by a platoon of carabineers and their commander. While the carabineers were inspecting their luggage, a captain and sergeant of Guardia Civil Veterana (Manila Police), both in disguise, watched the inspection proceedings. After the customs inspection, Rizal and his sisters were allowed to go.
At 7:00 p.m., Rizal returned to Malacañan and was able to have an interview with the governor-general, who granted the liberty of his father but not of his brother and brother-in-law. He was told to come later for another conference. From Malacañan, he visited his sisters – Narcisa and Saturnina.
That same night, Rizal met the prominent Filipino patriots, including
Apolinario Mabini, Andres Bonifacio, Ambrosio Salvador, Timoteo Paez, Pedro Serrano Laktaw, and Deodato Arellano
, and explained to them the aims of the Liga Filipina which he proposed to establish.
THE FOUNDING OF LA LIGA FILIPINA
The succeeding days saw Rizal a very busy man. His presence in Manila caused a sensation among the Filipinos who were all eager to see him and talk him. On the other hand, the Spaniards were worried, fearful of his great popularity.

Rizal, accompanied by some friends, took the train at Tutuban Station, Manila, and visited Malolos (Bulacan), San Fernando (Pampanga), and Tarlac (Tarlac) – and Bacolor (Pampanga) on the return trip. In all these towns which he visited, he was toasted by his compatriots. Government spies, however, watched his every movement. All homes, which welcomed him, were searched, and every Filipino seen in his company was under suspension.
On the night of July 3, 1892, a week after his arrival from Hongkong,
Rizal founded the LIGA FILIPINA in the home of Doroteo Ongjunco, Ilaya Street, Tondo, Manila.
A large gathering of patriots attended this historic event. The officers of the new civic association were elected under Rizal’s supervision. They were as follows :
The
AIMS OF THE LIGA FILIPINA
was written by Rizal in its constitution , were :
To unite the whole archipelago into one compact and homogeneous body.
Mutual protection in every want and necessity.
Defense against all violence and injustice.
Encouragement of instruction, agriculture and commerce.
Study and application of reforms.
PRESIDENT : Ambrosio Salvador
FISCAL : Agustin de la Rosa
TREASURER : Bonifacio Arevalo
SECRETARY : Deodato Arellano (del Pilar’s brother-in-law)
The two Rizals registered at Oriente Hotel in Binondo, which was then the best hotel in Manila.
That afternoon, at 4:00 p.m., Dr. Rizal went to Malacañan to pay a courtesy call on Governor Despujol, but he was told to came back in the evening.
GOVERNOR-GENERAL DESPUJOL
EDUARDO DE LETE
MARCELO H. DEL PILAR
MARIANO PONCE
On the same date, Rizal and his sister Lucia, widow of Herbosa, left Hongkong for Manila. They carried a special passport or “safe-conduct” issued by the Spanish consul-general in Hongkong.
LUCIA MERCADO
ORIENTE HOTEL
Good Day! I'm Muriel
Rizal's HOmecoming
the end :)
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