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CHINA

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by

Jackson Blake

on 29 January 2015

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Transcript of CHINA

The World
Modern China
China's Significance
Third largest country
~1,300,000,000 people
"China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal, accounting for one-quarter of the world’s total." (Diamond 360).
3/4 of China's energy is from coal
Second largest producer of electricity
"China’s energy efficiency in industrial production is only half that of the First World..." (Diamond 362).
Three Gorges
Flooded 13 cities, 140 towns, 1,350 villages.
Industrial pollutants from factories upstream are being dumped into the water.
Reservoir is exaggerating droughts.
"China’s environmental problems can be summarized under six main headings: air, water, soil, habitat destruction, biodiversity losses, and megaprojects." (Diamond 363).
Air Pollution
Water
Soil
Habitat Destruction
Biodiversity Losses
Megaprojects
Hydrologic Engineering projects have not succeeded, destroying ecosystems.
Large Forests have been cleared for planting crops and fuel.
Quality of Water in reservoirs is poor due to algal and other plant life blooms, taking out the oxygen causing plants and animals to die.
Waste from factories and cities are disposed in the rivers, turning them into sewers.
40% of the water cannot be consumed by China.
#1 cause of deaths in China is respiratory issues and heart diseases due to air pollution
Air pollution is beginning to resemble a nuclear winter, slowing photosynthesis in plants.
The worsening air pollution has already exacted a significant economic toll, grounding flights, closing highways and keeping tourists at home.
1935
WWII: 1937-1945
2nd Chinese Civil War
Mao Zedong leads the Communist Party
1945
1955
1965
1975
1985
1995
2005
2015
Great Leap Forward
Chinese Cultural Revolution
One Child Policy Begins
(Continues Indefinitely)
Golden Shield Project
Golden Shield Project Initiated
Golden Shield Project Begins
2008 Beijing Olympics
There are three main megaprojects contributing to China's environmental issues.


Water Movement Project

High Speed Rail

Three Gorges Dam
High Speed Rail

25% of endangered species are in China.
Large rice fields are causing biodiversity losses.
Water Movement Project
Cost for consumers is very expensive at the end.
Wastes massive amounts of water due to evaporation and pollution.
Can cause the Yangtze River to suffer from water shortages
Positives
5 Year Plan
Laid out goals for economic and social progress
1953
China’s 11th Five-Year Plan achieved a 19.1 percent energy consumption reduction, 20 percent was the goal
12th 5 year plan
Cadmium and mercury
Poisoned crops leading to people with cancer
Very expensive
Clears environment
One child policy
5 year plans
By: Sarah H, Emily B, Jacob H, and Jackson B
Full transcript