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Mental Health Reform Movement 1800s

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Sarah Lee

on 9 June 2013

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Transcript of Mental Health Reform Movement 1800s

Conclusion Problems the movement attempt to address Wide spread abuse of mentally ill were due to lack of understanding, neglect, and support from the communities in 1800.
The solution to obedience is not abuse.
Extreme abusive behavior is becoming a huge problem to America and it's not the way to solve our problems. Conditions created need for change In 1841, Dorothea Dix, a school teacher at the time, was asked to teach at Cambridge Jail
Her life changed at that moment when she witnessed...
Mentally ill were confined with common criminals
They were placed in unsanitary, unheated, foul smelling rooms
Men, women and children were beaten and whipped and even stripped naked
mostly all of them were naked and chained onto walls and women were sexually abused
diagnosed people were mistreated, isolated and abused Chronology of the movement 1841- Dix visited the Cambridge Jail
1843- Dix brought her concerns to Massachusetts state legislatures (later wins court)
1845- Opened Trentonstate Hospital, her first “New born child”
- Dix brought her reports to New York, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, South Carolina, Mississippi, and Arkansas
1848- Dix proposed a bill asking for 5 million acres to build mental institutions
1854- Passed by both Senate and House, but was vetoed by President Pierce
1867- Nellie Bly goes on a undercover missions
- President Fillmore supported Dix and Granted the expansion of hospitals that would benefit the Navy and Army veterans Earlier attempts at reform In 1841 Dorothea Dix reported her news to the Massachusetts legislature and their was a heated debate
During the debate she took her news to the newspaper
many did not believe in them, so Dix used her skills and persuaded a group of people who were willing to help make Dix's stand
Her and her group succeeded and the legislature appropriated the funding for the mentally ill and also expanded state hospitals Solutions the movement proposed Separate mentally ill from prison and place them in a different facility
Appropriate the money to expand state hospitals
After mental hospital were placed, Dix proposed again in 1854 to expand the state hospitals for the insane Effective and Realistic Goals of the movement was very effective because it was reasonable to take action to care for the ill
Until 1848, Dix' Goal was too high, asking for 5 million acres to fund the expansion of mental hospitals Key Players 1. Dorothea Dix
2. Samuel Gridley Howe
3. Nellie Bly- Later in 1865 Dorothea Dix's Quote "I have come to present to you the strong claims of suffering humanity," she wrote. "I come as the advocate of the helpless, forgotten, insane men and women held in cages, closets, cellars, stalls, pens! Chained, naked, beaten with rods, and lashed into obedience!" (Mass movements) Society's Response When Dix's report spread around the states, it caused an uproar
some communities claimed that her facts were false and that she had exaggerated her account
many say she failed to fully inspect
One man had said, 'bare-faced falsehood, false impression, and false statement”
many others objected to Dix's facts because it was costly to build hospitals for insane, especially during hard economic times Who Opposed? Society: the funding was too expensive and facts were unbelievable
Legislatures: they did not fully oppose but they did believe that it was costly and especially when their in bad economic times Unintended Consequences of the Movement though Dix had won and established her first Mental Hospital, there were only limited hospitals at the time of 1800s
Diagnosed patients overcrowded the already established hospitals
caused another mistreatment because of overpopulation of the mentally ill (this is where Nellie Bly comes in and investigate) Religious and Social Implications Most people thought that mentally ill were possessed by the devil and were incurable Lasting Impact By 1880 there were 123 mental hospitals in the U.S country
Dix and many others had changed the way people thought of the mentally ill and that it is a serious problem Perspective of other Historians 1. LaDonna Ghareeb:
Dix instigated extensive legislative change
she changed institutional practices across U.S
She also affected the constructions
of hospitals and the training of institutions

2. Jenn Bumb:
The movement changed the institutions
of hospitals
Mentally disordered should be
taken with extreme care and should be taken seriously
The mental health reform started
a new chapter in the treatment of those living
with mental illness Movement Achieved Dix established a mental hospital relocating the ill from prison

The movement given the insane a humane way of life

Many people around the world now look at the mentally disordered with a different perspective Related Historical Events Salem Witch Trials- In 1692, more than 200 people were accused of witchcraft. Many Christians strongly believed in Devil's magic thinking it could harm others for in return loyalty. Related Movements Today Mental Health care- How to recognize early signs of mental disordered to prevent them from getting weapons.
Sandy Hook Elementary shooting in Newtown Connecticut.
Movie Theater shooting in Colorado The Mental Health Reform By: Sarah Lee
Period 3 The Mental Health Reform effected America dramatically, by changing the way people think about the mentally ill and gave them more respect than ever before. Before people believed they were cursed with uncleaned spirits, but after many years, it was proven that the demented were not possessed but mentally ill. Also without the reform the Civil war would not have trained nurses to those who needed to be cared for. Mentally disordered
were placed into one of these rooms The insane
were barely fed and cared for Dix's first hospital Dorothea Dix Samuel Gridley Howe Nellie Bly Work Cited One of the hospital's Dix established In !867 she disguised herself as a mentally ill person. Her mission was to investigate the conditions the insane were in. Was a friend to Dix and helped her present her findings to the Massachusetts legislature The End Bumb, Jenn. "Dorothea Dix reformed treatment of the mentally ill." Human Quest. 01 Sep. 2003: 19. eLibrary. Web. 07 Jan. 2013.
Davoli, Joanmarie Ilaria. "No room at the Inn: How the federal Medicaid program created inequities in psychiatric hospital access for the indigent mentally ill." American Journal of Law and Medicine 29.2/3 (2003): n. pag. ProQuest 5000. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://search.proquest.com/docview>.
Learning to Live. Grand Valley State University, n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2013. <http://learningtogive.org/papers/paper89.html>.
Mass Moments. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2013. <http://www.massmoments.org/moment.cfm?mid=96>. Overview The Mental health reform was a movement that gave the insane the proper care they needed without being abused. Dorothea Dix who was once a school teacher was the first to act upon the mentally ill for their justice. She was considered the "voice for the mad". Believed it was to help "cure" the mentally ill patient Not properly taken care of
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