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Elections in Canada - Wiskin Civics

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by

John Wiskin

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Elections in Canada - Wiskin Civics

Canadian Elections What are elections? What is responsible government? What are MPs? MPPs? How many ridings does Canada have?
Ontario? What are candidates? - select political office by a citizen vote
- democracy; power resides with the people
- elections offer the opportunity to engage in political affairs of Canada
- citizens' beliefs are translated into public action Why are elections important? - hold politicians and governments accountable
- politicians that lose the confidence of the people will be replaced
- citizen's can create their own political parties - Canada = 308 ridings
- Ontario = 107 ridings How do we choose a winner in each riding? - First past the post (FPTP) system
- the person who collects the most votes wins Advantages - easy to understand
- benefits the majority party Disadvantages - can distort public opinion
- possible to win without a majority vote
- people may think vote doesn't matter in certain areas How we choose a Prime Minister - the leader of the party who wins the most ridings in Canada becomes the Prime Minister
- A majority government is when the winning political party has more than 155 seats in the House of Commons
- A minority government is when the winning political party has less than 155 seats in the House of Commons In Summary... - civics is, in part, the study of how decisions are made and how the
citizens interact with the government
- Elections are a key connection between the citizens and government as Canadians can vote people in and out of power
- Canadians vote for the political party that best represents their views
- these views, and those of the party, can be found across the political spectrum How do candidates win our votes? What is the difference between a minority and
majority government? What are the advantages and disadvantages of a majority and minority government? - In each riding, a candidate from the political parties attempts to win the most votes
- Each candidate is a member of a political party The candidate who wins the most votes in a riding (in a federal election) is elected to the House of Commons as a Member of Parliament
- Therefore, Canada is known as a representative democracy. We elect people to represent our views in Parliament. What are ridings? - ridings based on population and geographic area
- A riding is a federal or provincial geographical area that is represented by an elected politician. What is representation by population?
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