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Post-Colonialism and International Relations Theory

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Simon Curtis

on 23 November 2015

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Transcript of Post-Colonialism and International Relations Theory

Economic Domination
Military Domination
Cultural Domination
Ferguson Critique
“The problem of the 20th century is the color-line, the question of how far differences of race…are going to be made, hereafter, the basis of denying to over half the world the right of sharing to their utmost ability the opportunities and privileges of modern civilization”
W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963)
Pseudo-Scientific Ideas
Distinct Races
Hierarchy of Races
White Supremacy
Jim Crowe Rules
Institutionalised Social Inequality
'Civilising Mission'
Race as a Social Construction
Rejection of Essentialism
Beliefs lead to Outcomes
No Biological Basis (UNESCO)
Beyond Imperialism?
Or a change in the nature of how political, social and economic inequalities are maintained?
A Critique of Colonialism
An attempt to recover silenced forms of
knowledge and values
Local Histories
Local Literatures
Alternative Economic Models
Alternative Ethics
A Project of Resistance
Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth (1961)
Intellectual Roots
Critical Theory
Social Constructivism
Literary Studies
Cultural Studies
Political Control
Physical Occupation
Unequal Exchange
Structural Imperialism
Global Inequality
International Institutions
Humanitarian Intervention
State Building
Democracy Promotion
Security and Development
Spivak and Subaltern Women
Development and Modernization Theory
Liberal Governmentality
Gramsci and the Subaltern
Power / Knowledge
Edward Said, Orientalism
Representation of the 'Orient' in
Western Literature and Art
The Construction of Social Difference
Intellectual Foundation for Imperialism
Knowledge and Material Power are Entwined
1.The existence of separate hierarchical spheres of civilization
2.A defense of the superiority of Western cultural values against corrupt values of other civilizations
3.The need for secular and moderate members of other civilizations to follow or join the West
Representation and the Subaltern
Napoleon's Conquest of Egypt in 1798
Hierarchical Structure
"Empire, then, is a relationship, formal or informal, in which one state controls the effective political sovereignty of another political society. It can be achieved by force, by political collaboration, by economic, social, or cultural dependence. Imperialism is simply the process or policy of establishing or maintaining an empire".
Doyle, Empires (1986)
The Peace of Westphalia 1648
Discovery of the Americas 1490s
The Internal 'Other'
The External 'Other'
Offers a spatial solution to the problem of difference within Europe:
Borders are imposed and policed
Difference leads to co-existence
A temporal solution to the problem of difference
Less advanced forms of the Western self require either colonisation or modernisation
Full transcript