Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Miami, Migration, & Haiti SPR14

No description

Julie Jenkins

on 11 April 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Miami, Migration, & Haiti SPR14

Migration, Miami, & Haiti
Haitian migration
--first wave: 1950s & 1960s
Island of Hispaniola ("little Spain")
--Arawak (Taino) displaced other populations
--Who named island "little Spain"?

Christopher Columbus
--use of Arawak to mine gold
--very few left by early 16th century
Spanish settlers-- started to cultivate sugar cane
--needed labor, so imported Africans as slaves
Spanish withdrew partially, so French pirates invaded.
---eventually Spain signed treaty giving France 1/3 (Saint-Dominque).
---Spain kept Santo-Domingo
large sugar plantations
--controlled African population with brutality
French Revolution in 1790-- inspired revolts
--Affranchi led b/c wanted equal rights with white land owners
--started slave rebellion --led by Toussaint Louverture

French abolished slavery to gain support against Spanish on island
--France took over Santo-Domingo in 1795.
Toussaint declared Saint-Dominque independent in 1801
--French captured & imprisoned him.
1804-- Dessalines proclaimed independence (Haiti)
Christophe (North)
Petrion (South)
Boyer - 1818 - 1843
--united North & South
--fostered mulatto elite

International community wouldn't recognize Haiti as independent nation
--French threatened take-over
--until Boyer agreed to pay the French 150 million francs in reparations (=21 Billion).
US occupied 1915- 1934
1957- 1971- Papa Doc (Duvalier) elected president of Haiti.
---Established dictatorship- considered most repressive regime, combining political oppression and people’s fear of Voodoo.
--TonTons Mocoutes
---Appealed to black middle class for legitimacy- ended elite (mulatto) rule in Haiti

---Members of former regime and upper class started to migrate to US
---Papa Doc accused of pocketing aid money, so Kennedy suspended aid to the country in 1961

1971-1986 (2nd wave migration)
---Papa Doc’s son, Duvalier Jr. (Baby Doc),
---Under control, economic and political atmosphere continued to decline
---US restored aid program in 1971, because Baby Doc seemed to stop human rights violations
---But, gained wealth from fraudulent economic activities- taking proceeds from government economic ventures
---Left country vulnerable to endemic poverty and economic crisis
---Regime condemned by citizens and international community
---Baby Doc forced into exile --taking millions

--1990- Aristide (Catholic Priest) won presidential election with 67% of votes
--Presidency threatened elite b/c of populist ideology
--Ousted by coup in 1991 (by wealthy mulattos, Cedras)
- hundreds killed in coup and Aristide went into exile
--Ensuing military control to 1994 – 3,000 to 5,000 Haitians killed
Many Haitians started to migrate to US by boat (3rd wave migration)- most denied entry if caught and sent back
---US started economic sanctions (embargo) on Haiti

1994- US troops entered Haiti to restore Aristide
--1995-- Succeeded by Preval
--2000-- Aristide won election again
--wanted higher wages, higher taxation of rich etc
--requested reparations from France
--Mulatto elite protested (in Haiti & in US)
--overthrown by Metayer (Cannibal Army, to avenge death of brother), Guy Phillipe, Chamblain
--forced to resign by US??

historical discrepancy in migration policies between Haiti & Cuban
Haitians, initially accepted as political refugees in late 50s-mid 60s, but switched in mid-60s (then tightened- "economic migrants")

Full transcript