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Reading Non-fiction

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Kirsten Agostino

on 12 April 2016

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Transcript of Reading Non-fiction

Words or phrases used for a specific purpose such as:
Getting the audiences attention
Describing a person or place
Giving background knowledge on a specific subject.
You will need to identify key vocab in your own non-fiction text.
These aren't just words you don't understand, but rather terms that are essential to the text/topic.
Reading Non-Fiction
Objective: Students will gain an understanding of the non-fiction key terms they will need to identify in their text.

Fiction vs Non-Fiction
Non-Fiction Terms
Academic Summary- a short, accurate description, in your own words, of the content of a source. An academic summary does not include your own opinion. It is a clear description of the main points of a text.
Tells about real people, places, events, thoughts, and times.
Imagined or invented
by the author. Can be
based on real people, events,
or experiences; however, its
characters and
setting are invented.
Textual evidence
Central idea
Opinion statements
Factual evidence

Objective summary
Sequence of ideas

Warm-up: What were the major skills/terms we learned during the fiction unit? Which of these skills/terms will continue into non-fiction?What will some of the major differences be?
Basic Genres of Non-Fiction
Narrative- an account of a true story

Persuasive- The writer uses facts, combined with opinion, to take a position on an issue. The writer argues for his or her side and/or against an opposing side.
Expository- factual and informative writing
Factual writing about a specific company, species, subject, etc.
Narrative Writing
Expository Writing
Persuasive Writing
Central Idea
The overall point that the author is making. You can think of a central idea as a thesis statement, or the takeaway message the author wants the reader to understand.
Opinion Statements/Pathos
A personal judgment or belief that can’t be proven beyond all doubt, and therefore is debatable.
emotional appeals (pathos)
are used to
persuade by appealing to people's emotions (fear, anger, pity, humor, etc.)
Often achieved through the use of emotionally charged vocabulary

Be wary of unsupported opinion statements!
Factual Statements/Logos
A verifiable statement that something is true, or that something has occurred
Supported by evidence/fact rather than any assumption or presumption
Logical reasoning
Author's Tone-Audience-Purpose
: Author's attitude about the topic. Can be expressed through the words and details he/she selects. e.g.Informal, sarcastic, judgmental, sincere

:The reason the author writes about the topic e.g. to inform, persuade, entertain.

: The specific group the author is writing for. The author could be writing for several different groups. Be as specific as possible. e.g. students, the media, liberals
You will be asked to identify several
elements of the non-fiction
text you choose.
Non-Fiction Key Terms
Lets take notes!!
How does the text connect to

Current events
Personal Life
Other texts
Objective: Students will read the first section of
I Am Malala
written by Malala Yousafzai with Christiana Lamb and complete a practice non-fiction discussion map.
What does education mean to you....?
Factual Statement: Malala is the youngest person to be awarded the Nobel Peace prize.
Write 5 interesting facts or ideas from the intro and the interview.
Building Knowledge about the topic.
What are some of the strategies you use
to help you comprehend a text? How do
they help you?

Summarizing main points
Highlighting Opinion and Factual statement
Asking questions
Underlining and defining key terms
Making Connections
Listing main points leads you to the
central idea and helps you
organize your objective summary....
Tip: Jot down main points as you read in chronological order
Main Points
Factual Statements
Opinion Statements
What are the differences?

Jot these down as you read....
Key Terms
Define using context clues
Reading Strategies
Jot down words that are.....
Subject specific
Interesting or controversial
Hard for you to understand

Author's attitude

Be specific....
The media
Why did the author
write this?
To inform and gain awareness
What type of book are you considering?
Hard for others to understand
These will be critical to your discussion, since you are all reading different texts
Main Points
Smaller concepts explained throughout a text. Every chapter or section, stop and summarize what the author is saying to identify the main point.
You will pretend that your topic is
Your connections
List personal connections you have made with the text.
Connect to:
Your life
The news
Other texts

Aim for 3-5 and explain each in a sentence or two
Group Connections and Discussion Points
Fill these out DURING the discussion as you make connections and hit major topics
Aim for 3-5 and explain each in a sentence or two
Discussion Questions
Write three level 2 or level 3 questions about your TOPIC. These should be questions that your whole group can discuss, even though you haven't all read the same book.
Ex. Discuss the impact a young voice can have on a community issue.
Find two quotes/passages in your book that you want to bring up in discussion.
TIP: Find these after you write your discussion questions so they go together
Ex. My mother grew up in a village where women were encouraged to get married young instead of going to school.
Ex. "A group of us girls gave an interview on ATV Khyber, the only privately owned Pastho television channel, about girl's dropping out of school" (141).
Ex. Both my book and Mrs. Johal's book emphasize the importance of education for all citizens, regardless of gender or socioeconomic status.
Ex. We discussed what we would do in Malala's shoes, and Tina feels that she would not have had the same courage as Malala if she had to face the evil of the Taliban
Explain the structure of the chapters and/or sections. Are there graphics, headings, bullet points? Why does the author make the choices he/she makes? Is the structure effective in advancing his/her point?
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