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Wetlands Biome

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by

Grace Nelmes

on 26 October 2012

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Transcript of Wetlands Biome

The Pantanal Part of the Wetland Biome Fun Facts -The Pantanal is located in western Brazil as expands into parts of Bolivia and Paraguay.
- It is one of world's largest wetlands.
-The name Pantanal comes from the word "pântano" which is Portuguese for swamp.
-The Pantanal and the area around it is sparsely populated.
-Eco-tourism is new to this wetland area and it is helpful to the environment because ecotourism provides an incentive to leave the Pantanal undeveloped.
-The Pantanal is considered one of the best examples of a habitat that has been virtually untouched by humans.
-When you visit, you are almost gaurteed to see wildlife because many species that inhabit the Pantanal have populations of over a million organisms. Wet season-October to March- 75 degrees Fahrenheit
Dry Season- April to September- 79 degrees Fahrenheit

The Pantanal gets about 32-64 inches of rain a year, 80 percent of which falls during the wet season. Climate The animals of the Pantanal form a unique community that bridges living on land and in the water. Animals -capuchin monkey
-capybara
-anacondas
Endangered
-jaguar
-hyacinthine macaw
-giant river otters Capybara The capybara is the worlds largest rodent and the species thrives in the Pantanal. The capybara has found its niche in being equally as comfortable on land as it is in the water. It has adapted to living in a wetland by developing webbed feet. Capybaras are social animals so they travel in herd of 10-20. Capybaras are herbivores and their diet consists mostly of grasses and aquatic plants with some fruits. These rodents are prey to both the anaconda and the jaguar. Jaguar The jaguar is at the top of the food chain in the Pantanal wetlands. It is a carnivore that fish,turtles, deer, and capybaras., and scavengers such as vultures come behind and eat the leftovers. Over time, he jaguar has developed the skill of swimming in order to expand its diet and to help it survives the flood of the rainy season. Capuchin Monkey Capuchins are very smart and social primates. They live in the trees of the wetlands to avoid the floods. Capuchins are omnivores and feed on insects, fruits, nuts, and small birds. Abiotic and Biotic Factors Plants -One of the most memorable producers from this environment is the pink trumpet tree ( Tipuana impetiginosa), whose flowers turn bright pink during the dry season. -cashew tree (Anacardium excelsum)- The cashew tree has adapted to growing in a swamp by forming roots that can tolorate heavy rainfall.-water hyacinth(Eichhornia crassipes)-This plant grows very quickly and can survive water with a high pH level, which helps it survive in the marshes of the Pantanal. The abiotic factors of the Pantanal marsh are...
-water
-sandy soil
-sunlight The biotic factors of the Pantanal marsh are.....
-the animals (fish, birds, mammals)
-the aquatic plants
-the land plants
-decomposers such as fungi, bacteria, and vultures Bibliography:
http://water.epa.gov/type/wetlands/index.cfm

http://www.defenders.org/wetlands/basic-facts

http://www.pantanal.org/Mainpant.htm

http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Pantanal

http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/brazil-pantanal-wildlife-461009

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/jaguar/

http://www.rainforest-alliance.org/kids/species-profiles/capuchin-monkey

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/trumpet+tree

http://www.tree-nation.com/projects/project_updates/3724/cashew-nuts-and-fruits

http://www.gardenguides.com/130749-adaptations-water-hyacinth.html
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