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A little about the film Industry

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Matt Burke

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of A little about the film Industry

Classical Period
Greatest Actress
- Bette Davis
Greatest Actor
- Spencer Tracy
Greatest Movie
- Gone With The Wind
Greatest Director
- John Ford
Postwar Period

Transitional Period

Best Actor - Sean Connery
Best Actress - Julie Andrews
Best Director - George Lucas
Best Film - Star Wars
Contempory Period
Best Actor: Geoffrey Rush
Best Actress: Kate Winslet
Best Director: James Cameron
Best Film: Titanic

Burke.M, Harvey.M, Pavey.M,
Watson.B, Yapa.S.


Silent Period:
Mary Pickford 2013, The Biography Channel website, viewed 29 August 2013, http://www.biography.com/people/mary-pickford-9440298
Film History Silent Period (1895-1929) 2011, Sparkcharts, viewed 02 September 2013,
Stephen M. Weissmann, 2008, Chaplin:A Life, viewed 02 September 2013,http://www.chaplinalife.com/index.html
Dirks.T, 2013, The Gold Rush, Filmsite Movie Review,Filmsite, viewed 03 September 2013,http://www.filmsite.org/gold.html
Dirks.T, 2013, The Gold Rush, Filmsite Movie Review,Filmsite, viewed 03 September 2013,http://www.filmsite.org/1925-filmhistory.html
D.W. Griffith 2013, The Biography Channel website, viewed 30 August 2013, http://www.biography.com/people/dw-griffith-9321016
Youtube Videos:
The Barbershop ,1894, Change Before Going Productions, Edison's Black Maria Studio, 1894
Charlie Chaplin-Late for work again (The Classiclaugh,2010)
Charlie Chaplin -Shotgun Scene - The Gold Rush (unknown1771, 2009)

Classical Period:
Spencer Tracy, 1990 - 2013, IMDB, viewed 01Sep 2013, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000071/?ref_=sr_1
Bette Davis, 1990 -2013, IMDB, viewed 01 Sep 2013, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000012/?ref_=fn_al_nm_1
John Ford, 1990 - 2013, IMDB, viewed 01 Sep 2013, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000406/?ref_=sr_1
Gone With The Wind, 1990 -2013, IMDB, viewed 01 Sep 2013, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0031381/?ref_=sr_1
You Tube Video, Gone With The Wind, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8mM8iNarcRcYo
You jTube Video, Film Era 1930 - 1945,

Postwar Period:
Alfred-Hitchcock 2011, The Biography Channel, viewed 10/09/2013,http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biographies/alfred-hitchcock.html
Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor 2013, The Biography Channel website, viewed 04 Sep 2013, http://www.biography.com/people/elizabeth-taylor-37991
Dirks.T, 2013, Casablanca, Filmsite Movie Review,Filmsite, Viewed 10/09/2013, www.filmsite.org/casa.html
Film History Postwar Period (1946–1959)2011, Sparkcharts, viewed 5/09/2013, http://sparkcharts.sparknotes.com/film/film/section6.php
Jimmy Stewart 2013, The Biography Channel website , viewed 03 Sep 2013, http://www.biography.com/people/jimmy-stewart-9494773
Youtube Video : What Is Film Noir? (American film Institute, felixxxx999 2010)
: James Stewart, An Ordinary Hero (Munroe Smile 2009).
:Vertigo- Hitchcock Cameo (1958) ( Indigenal Video 2003).
: Casablanca (1942)- Fan Trailer (Official Trailers 2007).

Transitional Period
George Lucas, IMDB, viewed 02 Sep 2013, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000184/?ref_=sr_1
Julie Andrews, IMDB, viewed 02 Sep 2013, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000267/?ref_=sr_1
Sean Connery, IMDB, viewed 04 Sep 2013, http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000125/?ref_=sr_1
Star Wars, IMDB, viewed 06 Sep 2013, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0076759/?ref_=sr_2

Star Wars, http://www.kotaku.com.au/2013/03/giving-up-control-of-the-new-star-wars-films-was-tough-on-george-lucas/
Sean Connery, Google, http://www.google.com.au/search?q=star+wars&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.52164340,d.aGc,pv.xjs.s.en_US.CQsooEYev9Y.O&biw=1590&bih=929&dpr=1&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=Ic4yUszKG-6viQfZyoDIAg#hl=en&q=sean+connery&tbm=isch&um=1&facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=0xFvceL4_q6hNM%3A%3BEn7epq_MytSowM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fcdn-media.hollywood.com%252Fimages%252Fl%252FSean_Connery_007.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.hollywood.com%252Fnews%252Fmovies%252F7809746%252Fm-i-a-sean-connery%253Fpage%253Dall%3B410%3B410
Julie Andrews, Google Images, http://www.google.com.au/search?q=star+wars&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.52164340,d.aGc,pv.xjs.s.en_US.CQsooEYev9Y.O&biw=1590&bih=929&dpr=1&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=Ic4yUszKG-6viQfZyoDIAg#hl=en&q=julie+andrews&tbm=isch&um=1&imgdii=_
George Lucas, Google Images, http://www.google.com.au/search?q=star+wars&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.52164340,d.aGc,pv.xjs.s.en_US.CQsooEYev9Y.O&biw=1590&bih=929&dpr=1&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=Ic4yUszKG-6viQfZyoDIAg#hl=en&q=julie+andrews&tbm=isch&um=1&imgdii=_

Star Wars, Youtube, viewed 09 Sep 2013, http://ww.youtube.com/watch?v=1g3_CFmnU7k
Sean Connery, Youtube, viewed 02 Sep 2013, http://ww.youtube.com/watch?v=_iwl33WbVGI
Film Decade Study


Born: Ruth Elizabeth Davis
April 5, 1908 in Lowell, Massachusetts, USA
Died: October 6, 1989 (age 81) in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France
Trade Mark:
She often played confident, determined, aggressive and even cruel women, plus her large, distinctive eyes set her apart.
Born: Spencer Bonaventure Tracy
April 5, 1900 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Died: June 10, 1967 (age 67) in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, California, USA
Trade Mark:
Often wore a lopsided fedora hat in his films, solid shoulders, plain, every man looks, gruff, strong voice.

Spencer Tracy

George Lucas
Born :
George Walton Lucas, Jr.
Graduated from USC's school of cinema (1962). His nickname in high school was 'luke', which he used as the hero's name in Star Wars.
Film Career :
Star Wars, Indiana Jones, American Graffiti, Red Tails.

Charlie Chaplin: Late for work again short film
Mary Pickford
Bette Davis
Silent Period
(1895 - 1929)

- Honorary Award in 1976
- Oscar Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role in 1930 unforgettable performance
- Star on the Walk of Fame Award in 1960
- Poor Little Rich Girl (1917)
- Daddy-Long-Legs (1919)
- Sparrows (1926)
- My Best Girl (1927)
- Coquette (1929)

Most Memorable Movies
Gladys Marie Smith
- Canadian Actress (1892-1979)
- Best known as "America's Sweetheart" in Silent era
- Original founder of the Academy
of Motion picture Arts and Sciences
Charlie Chaplin
Sir Charles Spencer
Chaplin (1889-1977)
-was a Comedic Actor and
-famous for his character 'The Tramp' in the movie "The Kid" in 1921

- Honorary Awards in
1929 &1972
- Oscar for Best Music,
Dramatic Score in 1973
- Nominated for 2 other
Oscar Awards in 1941 & 1948
Most Memorable Movies
- The Kid (1921)
- A Woman in Paris (1923)
- The Circus (1928)
- City Lights (1931)
- The Great Dictator
Post war period:
World War 2 affected filmakers and viewers in Europe and America which led to the production of the Film Noir Style.
Major Movements:
Neorealism: which is a style of on-location shooting with poor acting creating ordinary, documentary style films (Sparkcharts 2011).
Japanese art cinema: Known for technical brilliance and widescreen composition (Sparkcharts 2011).
Best Actor: James Stewart
Best Actress: Elizabeth Taylor
Best Director: Alfred Hitchcock
Best Film: Casablanca

What is film noir?
The Gold Rush
- Comedy drama film starring, written, produced, scored and directed by Charlie Chaplin
- Initial release was in 1925
- The movie is about a search of gold, finds it and more

D.W. Griffith

David Llewelyn Wark Griffith (1875-1948)
-was a pioneering American film Director
- He has been known as "The father of the motion picture", "The man who invented Hollywood" and the "Shakespear of the screen"

A scene from
Gold Rush

-Nominated for an Oscar Award for Best Music and Best Sounds in 1941
- Kinema Jumpo Award in 1927
- National Film Registry Award in 1992
- Nominated for Golden Satellite Award in 2004
James Stewart
: James Maitland Stewart, 20 May 1908, in Indiana, Pennsylvania
Film career
: from 1939-1991: James Stewart appeared in over
films during his film career, first appearance in Murder Man in 1935.
: July 2 1997, aged 89, in Beverly Hills , California
(The biographychannel website 2013)
Most Memorable Movies:

Mr Smith Goes to Washington (1939)
Philadelphia Story (1940)
Its A Wonderful Life (1946)- ( His #1most Inspiring Movie)
The Stratton Story (1949)
The Spirit of Louis (1957)
Vertigo (1958)
Anatomy of a Murder (1959)
The FBI Story (1959)
(Dirks.T 2013)

3 Academy Award Nominations for best actor (1939-1946)

4 Oscar Nominations for Best Actor (1939-1959)

Received an Oscar:
for Best Actor in: "The Philadelphia Story" (1940)
Life time Achievement Award in 1985
(The Biography Channel website 2013)
Elizabeth Taylor
: Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor on February 27th 1932 in Hampstead, Londen, England.
- Honorary Award in 1936
- Director's Guild of America Honorary Life Member Award in 1938
- Star on the Walk of fame Award in 1960
- The Adventure of Dollie (1908)
- In Old California (1910)
- The birth of a Nation (1915)
- America (1924)
- Abraham Lincoln (1936)
Geoffrey Rush
Born the 6th of July, 1951in Toowoomba, QLD.
Has acted in 52 films and television shows.
First role in a film was in 1981, in 'Hoodwink' - as a detective.
One of the few people who have won the 'Triple Crown of Acting':
A Tony Award, An Academy Award and an Emmy Award.
Most Memorable Movies
Film Career
: 1942-2003,Elizabeth made her her film debue at age of 10 in 1942.
: Age 79, March 23, 2011

Most Memorable Movies:
National Velvet (1944)
Little Women (1949)
Father of the Bride (1950)
A Place in the Sun (1951)
Giant (1956)
Raintree County (1957)
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958)
Suddenly, Last Summer (1959)

5 Academy Award Nominations for B.A (1957-1959)
2 Oscar Nominations for B.A (1958-1959)
Golden Globe Award (1959)
2 Oscar Awards (1960, 196)
Also 1 British Academy Award, 1 NY Film Critics Circle Prize
Life time Achievement Award (1993)

Elizabeth Taylor was famous for her colourful life, being married 8 times with 7 husbands and her film career spanned 6 decades!
(The Biography channel website 2013)
Alfred Hitchcock
Star Wars, first released in 1977 and renamed later to Star Wars : A new hope.
It won 6 oscars in 1978 for Editing, Art Direction, Costume Design, Sound Score and Visual Effects.
Sean Connery
Kate Winslet
Born in Berkshire, England on October 5, 1975
First appeared in 1991 BBC childrens program: 'Dark Season'
Starred 41 titles, many regard her lead role in Titanic (1997) as her breakthrough film.
Earned title of Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) 2012, for her contributions to drama and the UK.
James Cameron
James Cameron directed, wrote, co-produced, co-edited and contributed to the funding of Titanic.
Was the most expensive film at the time ($200 Million budget)
After a 2012 re-release to celebrate a centenary since the disaster occurred, Titanic became the second film, after Avatar, to gross $2 Billion worldwide.
Most Memorable Movies
Classical Period
: This was the time of The Great Depression and the onset of World War II. Even though money was tight, people still went to the movies for enjoyment. This was also the boom of the Hollywood Studio's
Sean Connery (83yrs), is best known
for his role as british spy James Bond
from 1962 - 1971.
Connery has won 1 oscar in 1988 for
Best actor in a supporting role for
'The Untouchables'.
He has retired from acting in recent years.

Nominated for Best Director and Best
Screenplay for 'Star Wars'. Lost both.
Star Wars
Julie Andrews
Born :
Julia Elizabeth Wells. Born 1935
Film Career :
Mary Poppins, The Sound of Music, Shrek 2, The Pink Panthers strikes Again

Awards :
Best Actress for 'Mary Poppins'. Is the only actress to be nominated and win, in lead actress category in a Walt Disney film.

Greatest Actress
- Mary Pickford
Greatest Actor
- Charlie Chaplin
Greatest Movie
- The Gold Rush
Greatest Director
- D.W Griffith
Born August 16th, 1954 in Ontario Canada.
Claim to fame was upon writing the screenplay and directing The Terminator.
Cameron has not only directed his films, but in most cases, writes, edits and produces them as well.
In present day, he is perhaps best known for Titanic and Avatar.
Two of Cameron's films (Titanic & Avatar) are the highest grossing films in history, earning over $4 billion combined.
Most Memorable Movies
The Terminator (1984)
Aliens (1986)
The Abyss (1989)
Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991)
True Lies (1994)
Titanic (1997)
Avatar (2009)
Titanic Trailer
Heavenly Creatures (1994)
Sense and Sensibility (1995)
Titanic (1997)
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004)
Little Children (2006)
Revolutionary Road (2008)
The Reader (2008)
Shine (1996)
Shakespeare In Love (1998)
Elizabeth (1998)
Harvie Krumpet (2003)
Finding Nemo (2003)
Pirates of the Caribbean (2003)
The Kings Speech (2010)
The Classical Period had the misfortunate time when World War II started. The leading studios in Hollywood were: MGM, Universal, Columbia, Republic, Warner Bros. and Paramount. Technicolor came out in 1934, the movie was Becky Sharp.

Golden Apple Awards, Most Cooperative Actress - 1941
New York Film Critics Circle Awards, 3rd Place NYFCC Award, Best
for Dark Victory (1939)
Oscar, Best Actress in a Leading Role, Jezebel (1938)
Venice Film Festival, Best Actress, Volpi Cup. for Kid Galahad (1937) &
Marked Woman (1937)
Oscar, Best Actress in a Leading Role. Dangerous (1935)

Memorable Movies
Mr. Skeffington (1944)
Watch On The Rhine (1943)
Now, Voyager (1942)
In This Our Life (1942)
The Bride Came C.O.D. (1941)
All This, and Heaven Too (1940)
The Letter (1940)
Dark Victory (1939)
Jezebel (1938)
The Petrified Forest (1936)
Dangerous (1935)
Of Human Bondage (1934)


New York Film Critics Circle Awards 2nd place - Best Actor - 1939
Oscar - Best Actor in a Leading Role for Boys Town (1938)
2nd place New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Actor for Test Pilot (1938) & Boys Town (1938)
Oscar - Best Actor in a Leading Role for Captains Courageous (1937)
2nd Place New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Actor for Fury (1936) & Captains Courageous (
2nd place New York Film Critics Circle Awards - Best Actor - 1936

Without Love (1945)
The Seventh Cross (1944)
A Guy Named Joe (1943)
Tortilla Flat (1942)
Woman of the Year (1942)
Boom Town (1940)
Edison, the Man (1940)
'Northwest Passage' (Book 1 -- Roger's Rangers) (1940)
Stanley and Livingstone (1939)
Boys Town (1939)
Test Pilot (1938)
Captains Courageous (1937)
Libeled Lady (1936)
San Francisco (1936)
Fury (1936)
20,000 Years in Sing Sing (1932)
Memorable Movies

Silent Period
: 28th December 1895 is considered to be the birth of the film industry. Until 1914 major national film industries existed in Italy, France and America . World War I destroyed the Italian and French Industries and it allowed American film industry to rise and shine.
Movies made in Silent period is all about stories without words.
(Sparkcharts 2011)
A day without laughter is a day
(Charlie Chaplin, 1889-1977)

John Ford
1942 - Oscar, Best Director for How Green Was My Valley (1941)
1941 - Oscar, Best Director for The Grapes of Wrath (1940)
1941 - New York Film Critics Circle Awards, 3rd Place, NYFCC Award, Best Director for How Green Was My Valley (1941)
1940 - NYFCC Award, Best Director for The Grapes of Wrath (1940) & The Long Voyage Home (1940)
1936 - NYFCC Award, Best Director for The Informer (1935)
1936 - Oscar, Best Director for The Informer (1935)
1936 - Venice Film Festival, Won, Special Recommendation for Mary of Scotland (1936)
1934 - Venice Film Festival, Won, special Recommendation for The World Moves On (1934)

1945They Were Expendable
1941 How Green Was My Valley
1940 The Long Voyage Home
1940 The Grapes of Wrath
1939 Drums Along the Mohawk
1939 Young Mr. Lincoln
1939 Stagecoach
1937 The Hurricane
1937 Wee Willie Winkie
1936 Mary of Scotland
1936 The Prisoner of Shark Island
1935 The Informer
1934 The Lost Patrol
1934 Judge Priest
1931 Arrowsmith

Born: John Martin Feeney
February 1, 1894 in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, USA
Died: August 31, 1973 (age 79) in Palm Desert, California, USA
Trade Mark:
.Funeral mourners in his movies usually sing the hymn "Shall We Gather at the River."
He frequently casted, John Wayne, Henry Fonda, Maureen O'Hara and James Stewart and he also used to avoid close-ups as much as possible.

Gone With The Wind
The movie centers on a scheming Southern belle who carries on a stormy affair with a blockade runner during the American Civil War.
Director: Victor Fleming
Writers: Margaret Mitchell (novel), Sidney Howard (screenplay)
Stars: Clark Gable, Vivien Leigh, Olivia de Havilland, Hattie McDaniel, Leslie Howard
1940 - Oscars
Honorary Award - Enhancement of Colour
Best Actress in a Leading Role - Vivien Leigh
Best Actress in a Supporting Role - Hattie McDaniel
Best Art Direction - Lyle R. Wheeler
Best Cinematography, Color - Ernest Haller & Ray Rennahan
Best Director - Victor Fleming
Best Film Editing - Hal C. Kern & James E. Newcom
Best Picture - (Selznick International Pictures and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM))
Best Writing, Screenplay - Sidney Howard
Technical Achievement Award - Production

1940 - National Board of Review, USA - Won, NBR Award, Top Ten Films
1939 - New York Film Critics Circle Awards
Won NYFCC Award for Best Actress - Vivien Leigh
2nd Place, NYFCC Award for Best Film
3rd Place, NYFCC Award for Best Director - Victor Fleming
1939 - Photoplay Awards - Medal of Honor - David O. Selznick

Over the last decade the film Industry may be seen as a world of shifting cultures and entertainment which was portrayed though film production.
The Silent period showed undertones of social and political themes ,the Classical period was seen as a period of political unrest and economic difficulties, the post war period was seen to change the film industry radically which altered the style and content of films and important social and cultural issues were addressed in the transitional period (Mintz & McNeil 2013).
The present contempory period places big emphasis on special effects, large scale marketing campaigns and targets more than one genre of film (sparkcharts 2011).

With the way digital technology is progressing, one has to wonder what changes are in store for the film industry and as Mintz & McNeil (2013) state’s “Whether film will continue to serve as the nation's preeminent instrument of cultural expression, reflecting and also shaping values and cultural ideals”.

: 13 August 1899 in Leytonstone, London
Film Career
: 1925-1976 ( 53 finished films over 60 years) His First "Hit" Film was Family Plot 1976.
: 29 April, 1980, aged 80, Bel Air, California.

Most Memorable Movies:
Notorious (1946)
Rear Window (1954)
Dial M for Murder (1954)
To Catch a Thief (1955)
Vertigo (1958)
North by Northwest (1959)
Psycho (1960)
His Final Film was Family Plot (1976)

13 Nominations for Best Director between 1940-1972
Won Academy Award 1938- Best Director
Won his first and Only Oscar for Best Picture in 1940 for "Rebecca"
Won Television Achievement award in 1957
Won Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award in1967
Won Cecil B. Demille Award in 1971
Won a LIfetime Achievement Award in 1979

Vertigo- Hitchcock Cameo (1958)
Alfred Hitchcock made 39 self Cameo appearances in his films over 50 years from 1927-1976. He often carried a musical instrument, used public transport or was spotted walking dogs! ( The Biography Channel 2011).
Casablanca (1942) - Fan Trailer
Drama/ Romance/ War story

running time : 102 min.
Michael Curtis
: Hal. B. Wallis
: Arthur Edeson
: Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, Paul Henreid
: Warner Bros.
: Written by Max Steiner.
" is a story of romance and espionage and is based on a stage play “ Everybody comes to Ricks”. The story is set in world war 2 in 1941. The tale is about a man (Humphrey Bogart) who is torn between his love for a young woman (Ingrid Bergman) , a former lover , and helping her resistance leader husband (Paul Henreid) escape the Moroccon City Casablanca, to continue fighting the Nazi’s. Casablanca Premiered in New York in 1942 and its general release was in Jan 1943 (Dirks.T 2013).
5 Nominations for:
Best Music
Best Supporting actor
Film Editing
Best writing/screenplay
Won Academy Awards for
Outstanding Motion Picture
Best Director
Best Writing/ screenplay.
Casablanca was the third most successful of Warners Bros. wartime movies of that time. The film budget was $964,000, it produced Box office $ 3.7 million at the time of its release and by 1955 had produced 6.8 million (Dirks.T 2013).

One of Casablanca's most famous quotes is "Here's looking at you, kid" !
Film History
Silent Period (1895-1929)
Classical Period (1930-1945)
Postwar Period (1946-1959)
Transitional Period (1960-1979)
Contempory Period (1980- Present)

Assignment 2A:
Producing an online Informational Source Group 1

(The Biography Channel website 2013)
(The Biography Channel 2011)
Transitional Period :
1960 - 1979 was a booming era for movies with the release of many what would be called classic movies (Kramer vs Kramer, 1979. Star Wars, 1977).
In an era when technology was still young, directors such as Ridley Scott (Alien, 1979) George Lucas (Star Wars, 1977), and Steven Speilberg (Jaws, 1975) would raise the standards for technology and story telling for years to come.
It was a time which gave birth to the term 'Blockbuster Movie'.
Star Wars was originally turned down by every
production company because it was believed nobody would want to see it.
Other Ventures:
Lucas owns and created THX 1138, a sound company, which as been used to produce the sound for all his films. He reinvented the way sound is used in films.

Short story of a Barber Shop made in Silent Period

(Sparkcharts 2011)
(Stephen M. Weissnamm, 2008)
(Dirks.T, 2013)
(The Biography Channel, 2013)
(The Biography channel,2013)
(Sparkcharts, 2011)
(Munroe Smile 2009)
(The Biography Channel website 2013).

Julie use to have a 5 octave opera coloratura singing voice until a surgery mishap.

Julie has a breed of rose named after her.
Contermporary Period
http://www.biography.com/people/james-cameron-546570, James Cameron Biography, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.biography.com/people/kate-winslet-9534599, Kate Winslet Biography, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.biography.com/people/geoffrey-rush-21232319, Geoffrey Rush Biography, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001691/, Geoffrey Rush: IMDB Profile, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000701/?ref_=sr_1, Kate Winslet: IMDB Profile, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000701/awards?ref_=nm_awd, Kate Winslet: IMDB nominations & awards list, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000116/?ref_=sr_2, James Cameron: IMDB Profile, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000116/awards?ref_=nm_awd James Cameron: IMDB nominations & awards list, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0499549/?ref_=sr_1, IMDB Avatar Profile, accessed 2/09/13
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120338/?ref_=sr_1, IMDB Titanic Profile, accessed 4/09/13
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0120338/awards?ref_=tt_awd, IMDB Titanic nominations & awards list, accessed 4/09/13

Images & Video
http://static.moviefanatic.com/images/gallery/australian-actor-geoffrey-rush_376x503.jpg, Movie Fanatic, Geoffrey Rush, accessed 5/09/13
http://qfxblog.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/geoffrey-rush.jpg?w=588&h=528, Wordpress Geoffrey Rush Pirates, accessed 5/09/13
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_QqvfSFxx5rI/TMDETNUo4BI/AAAAAAAAYSA/cZJ6x6BKO1I/s1600/james_cameron.jpg, Blogspot James Cameron Oscar awards, accessed 5/09/13
http://media.portable.tv/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/james_cameron.jpg, Media Portable James Cameron, accessed 5/09/13
http://www.usmagazine.com/uploads/assets/photo_galleries/regular_galleries/1296-stars-red-carpet-skin-secrets/photos/1315928480_kate-winslet-lg.jpg, US Magazine Kate Winslet, accessed 5/09/13
http://www.traileraddict.com/content/paramount-pictures/titanic.jpg, Trailer Addict Titanic promo poster, accessed 5/09/13
Youtube: Titanic Trailer, accessed 8/09/13

Film History Contempory period (1980–Present)2011, Sparkcharts, viewed 5/09/2013, http://sparkcharts.sparknotes.com/film/film/section6.php
Mintz. S, & McNeil. S, 2013, Hollywood as History, Digital History, Retrieved 12/09/2013, http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/hollywood_history.cfm

Contemporary Period:
Since 1980, the film industry has seen much advancement in technology and big budget films becoming far more common. Films such as James Cameron's Titanic and Avatar are two of the most expensive and highest grossing films ever made. Actors like Geoffrey Rush have amazed audiences with his brilliance of dramatic acting and Kate Winslet's range and character is marveled in all of her works.
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