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Deficit Model Thinking

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by

Mackenzie Baker-Robinson

on 27 March 2014

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Transcript of Deficit Model Thinking

Crime: STEREOTYPE THREAT
When students are being tested, they often fear fulfilling their racial performance stereotype, which affects their score.
SUSPECT: Pseudoscience
"process of false persuasion by scientific pretense" (p12)
"Researchers approach their work with deeply embedded negative biases" (p18)
Often uses confirmation bias
SUSPECT: Oppression
Groups:
Talk about what you think oppression is.
Class discussion:

What comes to mind when you hear the word oppression?
What are some examples of modern day oppression?
How does this relate to schools?
SUSPECT: Blaming the Victim
A book written in 1971 by William Ryan
Exposed the ideological base (the more powerful blame the innocent)
I want to play a game...
Whoever finishes their oppression crossword puzzle first gets...
CANDY!!!
Deficit Thinking Translated into Actions
1. Victim-blamers identify social problems
2. They conduct a study to find out how the disadvantaged are different
3. Once the differences are identified, they define these differences as the cause of the social problem
4. They set government intervention in motion to correct the differences
Ryan notes that the steps "happen so smoothly that it seems downright rational." (p.8)
Law of Parsimony
Nagge explains this as "of any possible number of explanations of an animal act the simplest possible explanation should be employed."
We prefer simple explanations vs. complex ones
Strongly drives deficit thinking
Deficit thinkers avoid systematic approaches to school reform and focus on the simple solution; "fix" the individual student
CRIME COMMITTED:
DEFICIT MODEL THINKING

Psuedoscience Crime: GLOBAL WARMING
Pseudoscience Crime: ANTI-MARIJUANA PROPAGANDA
Pseudoscience based on a single observation
(Evidence from Witness:
Eyes of Nye: Pseudoscience
)
Pseudoscience Crime: FALSE ADVERTISING BASED ON PSEUDOCIENCE
The Suspect:
3 Different Variants
Genetic Pathology Variant
Culture of Poverty Variant
Cultural and Accumulated Environmental Deficits Variant
SUSPECT: Temporal Changes
"Climates of tho time shape deficit thinking rather than deficit thinking shaping the climates"
Head Start
1960s
preschool program for low-income families
supposed to help children in poverty overcome the obstacles and better their situation
Affirmative Action
are policies that are supposed to help minorities get into higher education


Educability

Oppression Game
Investigators: Mackenzie Jones, Hannah L, Ryan Mullin
Definition:
capable of being educated or pertaining to mildly retarded individuals who may achieve self-sufficiency.

Social & Behavioral
Science Goal:
Describe
Explain
Predict
Modify

Describe in Educability

Identify the “deficits, deficiencies,
limitations, or shortcomings in
individuals, families, and cultures.”
In CDT, describing can be
synonymous with
labeling or classifying (Valencia, 14)

Explaining in Educability
Begins with intelligence and cultural labeling

Predicting in Educability



Predicting is equal to
segre
gating.

Modifying in Educability
Suspect: Heterodoxy
doxa - part of the class society in which the social world is 'beyond question' (p.16).

heterodoxy - unconventional opinions; dissent; nonconformity (p.16).

orthodoxy - reflecting the dominant, conventional scholarly and ideological climates of the time (p. 18).


Scholars Argue Against 'Doxa'
1. Environmental Critique


2. Methodological Flaws or Instrumentation


3. Black Researchers Did Their Own Studies
In CDT, the goal seems not to be
to modify the situation, but to
prescribe a resolution to not
improve the situation.
Full transcript