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Pakistan & India's Relationship

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April Tong

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Pakistan & India's Relationship

The History of the Relationship between India and Pakistan 1947-2013 India and Pakistan Partition August 15, 1947 Wars/Conflicts October, 1947 First Indo-Pakistani war
Fight for Kashmir and Jammu
End: Jan. 1, 1948 - UN ordered ceasefire April, 1965 Border war
Pakistan claimed victory after India exited many acts of violence such as riots and murders that left people devastated
"ethnic cleansing" was the goal of these acts 1971 Civil war in Pakistan and India invaded East Pakistan
East Pakistan became Bangladesh on December 6, 1971 United States of America: Nuclear Power 1974-2013 India has a nuclear bomb in 1974
-US is fearful of a nuclear India & USSR relationship
Pakistan pursues nuclear weapons- 1990
US ceases funding
1998, Pakistan acquires a nuclear bomb
Indira Gandhi was popular with communists of India
-Threatens U.S. interest India becomes an economic power
US embraces India
US fears an extremist Muslim state acquiring nuclear power- 1990s-present Sikhs and their leading group Akali Dali (as well as Hindu and Muslim groups/gangs) were involved train hold ups were common but population exchange still occurred Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India
Muslims migrated to Pakistan 2008- 2013 2013 Diplomacy in 1996 clashes at the border between Jammu and Kashmir
Military officers from both Pakistan and India meet at the Line of Control in 1997 ministers from both countries meet again in Delhi, India and create an 8 point peace idea in 1998 India and Pakistan create a treaty to not attack nuclear facilities Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif from Pakistan at UN
in 1997 proposed India and Pakistan withhold nuclear power In 1972 India and Pakistan create Simla agreement
bilateral talks-therefore will not allow third party help 1982-1990 discussion about a non-aggression treaty
failed US pressured Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif from Pakistan
stop his forces in Kargil conflict Projection for Next 5 Years 1999 Kargil Conflict (not war) Pakistani supported troops crossed into Indian's part of Kashmir
Denied by Pakistan
Air strikes with thousands of shells
30,000 people Pakistan--->India Economy 2008 attacks in Mumbai, India-->blamed Pakistan
no proof it was a Pakistani Muslim group
terrorist group Lashkar-e-Tayyiba suspected 2009 Pakistan admits the attack was secretly supported by military
India allows Pakistan's help and they later join to fight terrorism
Prosecute Hafiz Mohmmad Saeed 2010 India accuses Pakistan of breaking cease-fire across Line of Control
leads to firing across border
diplomatic talks 2011 more border shooting from August 30-September 1
both countries accuse each other of initiating fire ceasefire violations by Pakistan
Pakistani soldiers crossed into India's territory, killed two Indian soldiers
could have been provoking nuclear attacks flag meeting, Pakistan ordered ceasefire
officials of same status from the 2 countries talked
Indian reports mines planted by Pakistan
Pakistan breaks ceasefire Power to the Women Indira Gandhi 2012 Pakistan will become more unstable
Muslim extremism will cause a fissure
Foreign relationships will continue to dwindle
Terrorists will isolate the country India will flourish
Relationships with foreign powers will increase
Revenue as well trust will expand
India's thirst for natural resources will continue to escalate India Works Cited Pakistan profit from exports: textile goods, gems/jewelry, leather
foreign investment
in past few years India's economic growth is developing slower
reform Prime minister of India from 1971-1977
Helped start Indian television
Attempted to equalize the people
Reigned in politics for over fifty years
Daughter of Nehru
Assassinated in 1984 Mahatma Gandhi: a nonviolent leader of Indian nationalism
was disappointed in the partition
wanted unity between the Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs Benazir Bhutto First female prime minister of a muslim nation (Pakistan)- 1988-1996
Dismissed from office because she attempted to purge the government
Built schools, brought electricity, and fed and clothed the poor
Assassinated in 2007 16.24 trillion rupee deficit, higher prices and spending
wants help from International Monetary Fund
corruption, no reform "Benazir Bhutto Biography." Academy of Achievement. American Academy of
Achievement, 12 Nov. 2010. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

"India-Pakistan: Troubled Relations." bbc.co.uk. MMV, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

"Indira Gandhi Biography." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Advameg Inc., n.d.
Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

"Mumbai attacks probed as India-Pakistan relations strained." CNN World. 2013
Cable News Network, 30 Nov. 2008. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

Pike, John. "Partition - August 1947." GlobalSecurity.org. GlobalSecurity.org,
n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

Polgreen, Lydia. "India and Pakistan Agree to Fight Terror Together." The New
York Times. 2009 The New York Times Company, 16 July 2009. Web. 13 Feb.

Agreement, 2 July 1972." Jammu & Kashmir. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

"TIMELINE-Flashpoints and flare-ups in India-Pakistan ties."

NUCLEARFiles.org. Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, 28 Feb. 2010. Web.

13 Feb. 2013.

"U.S. Relations with India." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State,

21 Dec. 2012. Web. 8 Feb. 2013.

"U.S. Relations with Pakistan." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of

State, 10 Aug. 2012. Web. 8 Feb. 2013.
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