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The Conquistadors: Voyage of Fortune
Transcript of The Conquistadors: Voyage of Fortune
Voyage of Fortune
ON HIS WAY TO THE NEW WORLD, COLUMBUS STUMBLED ACROSS THE CARIBBEAN AND MET THE PEACEFUL WEST INDIANS CALLED THE TAINOS
WHO WERE THE CONQUISTADORS?
Spanish explorers of the 1500s were called conquistadors, Spanish for “conquerors.” They traveled to spread Christianity, find wealth, and win fame.
THE FALL OF THE INCA EMPIRE
*On his way to be crowned Atahualpa received news that a group of Spaniards lead by Pizarro had come to Peru
*Atahualpa agreed to meet with Pizarro
*At the meeting Pizarro told Atahualpa to convert to Christianity
*Atahualpa refused so the Spaniards attacked, captured Atahualpa and killed thousands of Inca soldiers.
*Best know for his expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire
*In 1536, Cortés explored the northwestern part of Mexico and discovered the Baja California peninsula.
*The Gulf of California was originally named the Sea of Cortes
The Fall of the Aztecs
*The Spanish conquest of Aztec Empire
February 1519 – August 1521
*First European to explore the Americas- He set things in motion
*Born c. 1471 or 1476 in Trujillo, Crown of Castile
*Best know for his expedition and subsequent conquering of the Inca Empire
*Moctezuma II ruled the Aztec Empire at its height but he also contributed to its downfall.
*The tributes he demanded from neighboring tribes made the Aztecs unpopular
*In addition, his belief that Cortés was the god Quetzalcoatl that according to legend was to return to Mexico in 1519, allowed Cortés to capture him and eventually conquer the empire
*Atahualpa was the last Inca King (Sapa Inca- sovereign emperor)
*Was brave and popular among the Inca Army but did not rule for very long
*Convert to Christianity and was given the Christian name of Francisco but was still tried for his crimes against the Spaniards
Mother of Mexico or Traitor of the Aztecs
Malintzin became Cortés' companion and interpreter. She played an important role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
The Promise of a New World
Since this was one of the first times that two different civilizations met
who had previously not known anything about each other, we can compare it to what it might be like if we were to meet powerful aliens from another planet.
Imagine what the people of Tenochtitlan were feeling as they saw Cortes’ forces enter their city. What do they imagine the Spanish were thinking and feeling as they entered this New World?
HOW DID SO FEW CONQUER SO MANY?
FORM A HYPOTHESIS
*remember a Hypothesis is a tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation.
HOW WERE THE OUTNUMBERED CONQUISTADORS ABLE TO DEFEAT THE AZTECS AND INCAS?
Prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove by argument or evidence
A conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
To alter something already written or printed, in order to make corrections, improve, or update
City in southeastern Peru, located near the Sacred Valley of the Incas (or Urubamba Valley) in the Andes mountain range
"They...brought us parrots and balls of cotton and spears and many other things... They would make fine servants... With fifty
men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want."
-Christopher Columbus on his meeting with the Tainos
*Learned the Mayan language while enslaved
*After she was given to
Cortés, her knowledge of languages helped him make deals with Aztec enemies
REFLECT AND WRITE
Write a brief explanation (1 to 2 paragraphs) on what you believe was the
important factor in the Spanish conquests over the Aztecs and Incas
at least 1 factor
why with at least 1 reference from the material or your notes
Make partial or minor changes to (something), typically so as to improve it or to make it less extreme.
A supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation.
To uphold or defend as valid or right