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The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Transcript of The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The Manhattan Project
Germany agrees to unconditional surrender
When Germany signed the unconditional surrender that ends the 6 year war. The contract was signed on May 8th, 1945. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin and President Harry S Truman have now agreed that they would make the official announcement of the end of the war the next day. The surrender was signed on May 8th and was announced on May 9th. The only person left to surrender was Japan
August 6th, 1945
Three reasons for the US boming Hiroshima and Nagasaki:
Little Boy- The bomb over Hiroshima
1. The United States wanted to force Japan's surrender as soon as possible to end the war
2. The United States needed to use the atomic bomb before the Soviet Union entered the war on Japan so the United States could seem to have lots of power
3.The United States wanted to use the world's first atomic bomb for an actual attack and observe the way it worked
The first bomb was dropped ober Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945. The bomb exploded 2,000 feet above the ground and killed around 80,000 people instantly and many left injured. This bomb was nicknamed Little Boy. The United States said that the reason that they would drop the first bomb because this means that Japan would have to surrender unconditionally. Japan still did not surrender causing the second bombing of Nagasaki.
Events before the Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japan has bombed the US Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. This left about 2,400 people dead and 21 ships damaged or ruined. This caused the Americans to join WW2 and declared war on Japan. Japan had practiced and prepared before the actually attacked Pearl Harbor. They attacked the US Naval Base because they did not want to negotiate with the US anymore.
The Manhattan Project started when Albert Eintein and Enrico Fermi went to the United States after recently leaving Germany and Italy. They decided to help the United States with atomic bombs. This project was the United States trying to built atomic bombs to attack Japan. The United States tested the bombs during the summer of 1945. When everyone heard that the bomb was successful, the world had become a nuclear age.
Fat Man- the bombing over Nagasaki
Three days after the bombing of Hirmoshima with Little Boy, the United States dropped a bigger atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki. The United States thought that bombing Nagasaki right after Hiroshima would overwhelm the Japan Government. Fat man was larger than the bomb that was dropped over Hiroshima. It killed about 40,000 and left about 60,000 people injured.
Japan surrenders on September 2nd, 1945. They surrendered because of the fear of the Americans had dropped the two atomic bombs, Little boy and Fat man. They dropped the two bombs, killed thousands and left many injured. Japan no longer was able to fight because they had lost many army men, their lands were ruined. The Japan Government did not want give up but after looking at the damaged that was caused, they went into a meeting with the supreme war council. They debated for hours and they came to the conclusion that it would be the best to surrender.
The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the dropping of two atomic bombs over the 2 cities of Japan. These two bombs caused lots of damages and deaths. Japan was in ruins. All for the sake of ending the war.