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Salt and gold trade
Transcript of Salt and gold trade
TRADE AND LIFE OF WEST AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS
By Trevor Bluth
Many West African civilizations flourished, because of trade.
North Africa had salt, so they traded it for gold.
South Africa had gold, so they traded it for salt.
Ghana was in the center of Northern and Southern Africa, so they controlled trade.
Traders would come through Ghana, so they taxed them, which made Ghana rich
Salt and gold trade was usually done with a system called silent-bartering.
In this process, people would spread out their goods on a table and beat a drum.
The drum lets the other people know that trade is happenning.
Once they hear the drum, they come, see the goods, and leave an amount of gold.
The other people would then come back and see if it was enough gold.
If it was they beat the drum. If it isn't enough they leave more until it is enough.
They keep going back and forth until both people are satisfied.
They used this system to keep the location of the gold mines a secret from the salt traders.
They also usually didn't speak the same language.
Salt was a very valuable resource in Western Africa.
It was often traded for gold.
It was used as a preservative, to add flavor to food, and to retain body moisture.
Salt was found in the Sahara Desert.
There is also a salt mine in Taghaza.
They found so much salt in Taghaza that they used the blocks of salt as the structure for buildings.
To get salt, they would dig into the earth.
Another use for salt , is that they sometimes cut slabs of salt and used them as money.
Gold is a valuable resource in Western Africa.
Gold was often traded for salt.
It's found in gold mines that are located in the Wangara.
Wangara is in the forests south of Ghana.
Gold was too soft to use for weapons or tools.
Instead they used it for its beauty; in coins and jewlery.
Ghana is one of the great civilizations in West Africa.
It lasted almost 900 years, from 300 to 1100 AD.
It's located between the Niger and Gambia Rivers.
Ghana took advantage and used the rivers as a mode of transportation.
Ghana thrived because of trade.
Ghana is one of the major trade centers in West Africa.
They controlled the salt and gold trade.
Ghana was originally called Wagadu, but they changed the name to Ghana, because it was the name of their chief.
Beginning of Ghana
Historians believe that the first people were the Sonike people.
They were farmers.
The sonike people were threatened by nomadic herders, so they banded together for protection.
There banding together formed Ghana.
They had iron, so they used it for tools to farm and weapons.
Ghana was in a perfect location for trade, so they were very wealthy.
Ghana reached the height of it's power under a king named Tunka Manin.
Fall of Ghana
Ghana was completely destroyed by the end of the 1200's.
After a long, harsh battle with a muslim group called the Almoravids, Ghana was defeated.
Another reason Ghana ended is because the Almoravids brought animals with them. These animals overgrazed which left the soil exposed. This made it impossible for farmers to grow crops.
The last reason Ghana fell is because the people Ghana conquered rebelled and took over the entire empire.
The empire was completely destroyed.
After Ghana fell, the empire of Mali took over.
The Mali empire flourished because of trade.
Mali was the new center of trade since Ghana was destroyed.
The Mali Empire is massive compared to the Ghana Empire.
They, as well, controlled the salt and gold trade.
The Mali Empire conquered many of West Africa's trade cities such as Timbuktu, Gao, and Djenne. These cities became part of the empire.
End of the Mali Empire
The Mali Empire ended for three reasons
First, when Mansa Musa died his son, Maghan, took over as ruler.
He was a very weak leader. He weakened the empire.
Also, the Mali empire became so massive that the government couldn't control it.
And finally, a group called the Tuareg took over Timbuktu.
Mali was destroyed.
Rulers of the Mali Empire
Mansa Musa is the Mali Empire's most famous ruler.
He ruled for about 25 years.
During his rule, trade tripled, land doubled, and cities became important centers for West Africa.
He also spread Islam throughout West Africa.
In 1324, he went on his pilgrimage to Mecca.
As he traveled he introduced the Mali Empire to the rest of the world. Mali became famous throughout the world.
He also supported education.
He encouraged muslims to learn how to read write, because he wanted them to be able to read the Qur'an.
Sundiata is another one of the Mali Empire's ruler.
The Mali empire first rose to power under his rule.
He conquered the great Ghana Empire.
He also took over Salt and Gold trade.
He worked to improve agriculture.
He cleared the farmland for beans, onions, rice, and other crops.
He also introduced cotton to West Africa.
THANKS FOR WATCHING!!!
"History for Kids - Common Core Aligned Lessons - Mrdowling.com." History for Kids - Common Core Aligned Lessons - Mrdowling.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.
"Ancient & Modern Africa for Kids - the Great Kingdoms, the Griots, Fables, Games, Daily Life, Gold and Salt, Arts & Animals." Ancient & Modern Africa for Kids - the Great Kingdoms, the Griots, Fables, Games, Daily Life, Gold and Salt, Arts & Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.
"World History Sites." World History Sites. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2013.
Slabs of salt