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Isabel Han

on 24 October 2014

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Transcript of Homeschooling

1) What is homeschooling about?
2) three-pronged approach
Social development
Cognitive development
Emotional development
3) Singapore context
4) Major homeschooling methods
what is homeschooling?
Definition: to educate children at home, typically by parents or tutors, instead of in a public school

key statistics
Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale: research by John Taylor

- very few home-schooling children are socially deprived.
- most score high on the socialization scale outside of school
Traditional stereotype
" With homeschooling, children do can't mingle with peers of the same age, peers of different backgrounds

"Children who are homeschooled are socially awkward."

Wiley, David E., and Annegret Harnischfeger (1974)


Recent perspectives
- Socialization can happen anywhere through various avenues: sports, religious groups, or real world experiences

- Results prove that children who are homeschooled tend to have higher moral values and are more capable in communication

Bauman, K. J. (2001)
Some mediating facto
Cognitive Aspect
Evidence of cognitive benefits of homeschooling

Studies on the academic achievement of home schoolers continue to demonstrate that they consistently score at or above average on standardized tests.

Misconceptions of home schooling

Home schooled Students have difficulty entering college

This argument has been based on the belief that high school diplomas, adequate or exceptional grade records, and SAT or ACT test scores would facilitate the enrolment into college for home schooled students.

Cognitive benefits of homeschooling
Home schooling is one-on-one tutoring

---Studies have shown that in schools, the smaller the students-teacher ratio, the better the students learn.

---Students are helped individually, and teachers ensure that all students master a basic skill or concept before going to a more advanced one.

Cognitive benefits of homeschooling

Home schooling tailors learning to specific children’s educational needs

---Parents are able to assess their kids’ strength, weaknesses, learning styles and interests.

---If a child excels in a specific area, his education in that area can be accelerated. If a child struggles in a particular area, additional resources can be brought to bear to help.

Cognitive benefits of homeschooling
Home schooled kids tend to think more independently

---They are unlikely to follow the ideas of a group without first making up their own minds.

---They know how to think for themselves and aren’t influenced as readily by peer pressure.

Greater opportunities for emotional development especially up through the age of puberty
“Who am I?” “What do I really want?
Protection against bullying
Customized arrangements for special needs children
Some think that boys’ energetic natures and tendency to physical expression can more easily be accommodated in home-based education. Many are concerned that a highly disproportionate number of public school special-education students are boys and that boys are 2.5 times as likely as girls in public schools to be diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Mediating factors: summary
- parental influence/involvement
- environment at home
- homeschool curriculum
- family dynamics
Homeschooling in Singapore
Apply to CEU for certificate
Satisfy the 2 key objectives of CE
Provide info on curriculum, educational outcomes, how the child will learn NE
Attempt PSLE & NE Quiz (11-15 yrs)
Meet benchmark of 194
Current Situation
Govt does not actively support homeschooling
Compulsory Education Act: aiming to provide common education for all
However, exemptions are allowed
Checks are in place to ensure child receives quality education
So, why homeschool?
Special needs e.g. dyslexia, impaired hearing or vision
Overseas families yearning for SG education for their kids
Incompetent teachers
Impart stronger religious values
Online Curriculums
Local & International
Useful for kids who are planning to study oversea
Homeschool Learning Centres
Homeschool Blogs and Forums
9-Year-Old boy tops IGCSE Exam, scoring an A in the international equivalent of O-Level Math
Local celebrities Evelyn Tan and Darren Lim homeschool their kids
Teaches children in 3 stages: Grammar, logic and rhetoric.
1. Students decide if he/she would to take a single subject or an entire course to study.
2. Allows interaction with other students
3.Feedback from live teachers or software program.

1. Prepare an environment that consists of games and materials to stimulate the 5 senses of their children
2. Montessori encourages younger children to observe older children & older children to help younger children
There isn't a specific method of homeschooling to ensure an all-rounded development, therefore parents/tutors are still responsible for encouraging the child’s growth

Grammar stage
: Focuses on the child’s ability to memorize
Logic stage
: Concentrate on relationship between facts and rules.
Rhetoric stage
: Focus on applying what they have learn and express it.
Train their mind (thinking & reasoning).
Allows children to learn through thinking.
Be better thinkers
Able to voice out opinions

Communication between students and teachers,
More focused on learning & independent in terms of being self-disciplined.

created by Maria Montessori, a doctor who developed her philosophy of education while working with mentally impaired students.
More interactive with one another = ↑ communication
No judgment between one another = ↑ self-esteem
Offer child opportunities to get out & about
Focus studies on the interest of the child
Bring children to day & field trips
Participate in standardized testing & analyse teaching styles to meet requirements
Be more active with your child

Emotional development correlated to
social development
Regularly engaged in social and educational activities outside their homes
Results in higher emotional stability
for your time and attention
Chew Jia Lin Allinda 50099365
Choong May Kei 50067456
Chua Si Xuan Ashleigh 50099378
Isabel Han Jing Qi 50099368
Soh Amanda Zhi Yi 50099280

Emotional development
Why is it important?

How does it affect the child?
Full transcript