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Transcript of History Timeline
by: Chelsea Bentley
In 1912, many changes were brought to Canada's favorite sport, hockey. Back in 1888, the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada (AHAC) was created beginning Canada's love and thrill for the game. Hockey was already being played in areas of the world suck as Windsor, Nova Scotia, Kingston and Ontario, however, the AHAC began hockey's nation wide debut. The AHAC decided to bring changes to the way hockey was then being played. For example, blue lines were added in order to divide the rink into three zones and goaltenders were then permitted to the ice in attempt to make a save. These changes affected the hockey is today as we know it.
On 21 November 1921, the maple leaf was granted Canada's emblem. This eventually led to the creation of the Canada flag and to the trademark we know it as today. Had the maple leaf not have been assigned a Canadian emblem, who knows for sure what would have been in it's place. We use the maple leaf as a Canadian symbol for many different instances such as our flag, a Canadian trademark on hockey jerseys and also on our dollar bills. Ever since the maple leaf was chosen as a Canadian symbol, it has changed our way of symbolizing our country. Without the maple leaf, Canada would simply not be the same.
Dr. Emily Stowe was the first female doctor ever in Canada. She founded the Toronto Women's Literary Club in 1876. In the year 1916, Emily and her daughter Augusta, led an Ontario campaign for women's suffrage. 40 years after their campaign began, women were granted the right to vote in Manitoba in January 1916. This led to women being granted the right to vote in Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia and Ontario. Over the years, women were granted the right to vote all across Canada. It is because of this young woman and her daughter that we (the women of Canada) are capable of voting today.
In the year 1913, the zipper was officially accepted. the zipper made it's first appearance approximately 80 years prior to it's acceptance. The first few attempts at creating the zipper were achieved with little success. Overall, it took 30 years in total before the zipper (then called the separable fastener) to be be used regularly in the fashion industry.
Terry Fox has to be one of my favorite Canadian Hero's. He was diagnosed with bone cancer at the age of 18 and lost his leg below his right knee. Terry made the courageous decision to run across Canada with his prosthetic leg. He made it a little over half way but was forced to stop due to the return of his cancer. Tery died at the age of 22 just a month before his 23rd birthday. He is memorialized all across Canada due to his courage and perseverance through-out his journey.
The On-To-Ottawa Trek played a huge role in Canadian Identity. This marks the long journey of thousand of unemployed men. They were protesting relief camps (run like military bases), only being paid 20 cents and hour. After protesting for two months, they decided to approach the federal government with the issue. The protesters made it as far as Saskatchewan and left it to the politicians who ended the discussion in a screaming match.
Newfoundland entered the Dominion of Canada as the 10th province. This marks an important part of Canadian identity because without Newfoundland, our geographical information would be drastically different. After a very big debate, the majority of Canadians voted in favor of the Newfoundland addition. However, not everyone was happy with this decision. The official date that Newfoundland joined our country was on March 31st 1949.
The plastic fashion sensation Barbie was created by Ruth and Elliot Handler. The idea for Barbie originally came from their daughter Barbara playing with paper dolls and assigning them adult roles. This enthusiastic plan turned out to be one of the hottest toys on the market in Canada to this day.
On October 30th 2009, the Olympic torch relay begins. The olympic torch began it's journey in Victoria, the starting point for the longest single-country torch relay in the history of the Olympic games. This flame had over 12 000 torch bearers and traveled to over 1000communities in only 106 days. It then reached it's destination in Vancouver where it marked the debut of the 2010 Vancouver Olympics.
Ringette (women's ice sport) was introduced in North Bay in 1963. The sport is traditionally played by women, on ice and requires the skills of basketball. The game is played with straight sticks and a rubber ring. The objective being to shoot the ring into the opposing team's net. The organization that helped bring ringette to life was NORDA (Northern Ontario Recreation Directors Association). The birth of this new sport occurred in the Espanola Arena and the original rubber ring is on display within it's lobby.
The first drawing of Lotto 649 occurred on the 12th of June 1982. The winning jackpot was a grand total of $500, 000. This represents Canadian Identity because for the most part of Canadians, they dream of winning the lottery and becoming very rich. Today, the Lotto 649 jackpot is approximately $1,092,896.17
On January 1st 1997, the greater city of Toronto banned the right to smoke in public bars and restaurants. Certain members of the general public were not at all pleased with this decision. However, others were in agreement to this movement. Canada's 6.2 million smokers were facing unprecedented pressures to butt-out. This affected Canadian Identity in a huge way because to this day, smoke free airplanes, government buildings, restaurants and bars are the norm.
The CN Tower's construction began. This is still a big part of Canadian Identity today because the tower is known as one of the biggest tourist attractions for Toronto. Each year, the tower attracts 2 million tourists. It has been open to the public since 1976 and to this day remains a popular attraction.
Nellie McClung is most definitely a Canadian hero because she earned women the right to vote. It is because of her that women have the right to vote today. In 1920, Nellie along with four other women came together and became the "Famose Five". They created the Person's Act, an act created to prove that women could also be a qualified person when it comes to the political act of voting. They were successful by appeal to the Judicial Committee of the British Privy Council.
The Dionne Quintuplets were the first set of quintuplets that lived past their infancy. The girls are said to be "over night celebrities". The quintuplets brought a lot of attention and publicity to themselves, making them very well known across the country. The girls were raised in the Dafoe nursery and only returned to their parents in 1943. During their time away from their parents, the girls had never been outside. They were however on display to the world through a glass window and they became a known tourist attraction.
Jack Layton can most definitely be considered a canadian hero. It's because of him and his constant persistence that Stephen Harper made a public apology for "Indian" Residential Schools. Jack also made a huge impact on Canadians while he led the New Democratic Party of Canada. This made his death in 2011 just that much more tragic for all who knew, loved and were inspired by him.
Viola Desmond is an African Canadian who faced segregation charges after purchasing a movie ticket in the "white section". Viola was charged and simply paid the fine of $20. After consulting her doctor, Viola decided to fight against the charges due to the racial seating chart. She was in fact successful and it is because of her and her act of courage that everyone became more aware about the reality of canadian segregation.
Bill Barilko was a well known Canadian hockey hero. Bill played his entire hockey career with the Toronto Maple Leafs. He scored the winning goal at the Stanley Cup Playoffs. Bill agreed to join his dentist on a fishing trip where they were to fly to and from their destination. On their flight home, their plane crashed. It was only 11 years later that another pilot spotted the plane about 30km from Cochrane Ontario. Bill was truly a hockey hero through the eyes of thousands of Maple Leaf fans.
At the age of 15, Rick Hansen was in a car accident which paralyzed him from the waist down. He is most recognizable for his "Man in Motion World Tour" which can be compared to Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope. Rick Hansen wheeled all around the world in his enhanced wheel chair. After his 26 month trek and raising over 26 million dollars for spinal cord research, Rick was hailed an international hero.
Kim Campbell was and still is to this date, the only female Prime Minister to ever be in office. She was also the first baby boomer to hold office who was born in British Columbia. Kim is most definitely a Canadian Hero because she is a perfect example of "girls can do anything boys can do". She demonstrated how women can do an equally impressive job at head office. She went on to inspire many young women across the country.
The snow blower was invented by Robert Carr Harris. By the year 1927, these vehicles were in full used to remove snow on the streets of Outremont, now a borough of Montreal. This affected Canadian Identity in a huge way because if there is anything Canadians could use help with, it's fighting against old man winter. Snow blowers are a famous sight for Canadians in the winter time and we use them frequently.
Pablum was invented by three male pediatricians named Frederick Tisdall, Theodore Drake and Alan Brown. It was originally marketed by the Mead Johnson Company in 1931. This has affected Canadian Identity in the sense that almost anyone with a baby here in Canada will choose to feed their infant pablum rather than breast milk. In some cases this is to ensure that the baby gains all the proper vitamins and nutrients it needs to grow properly.
The paint roller was invented by Norman Breakey in the year 1940. This application tool consists of two parts: the roller cover (the soft part) and the roller frame (the handle). You can reuse the roller frame but it is most common to dispose of the roller cover after use. This invention brought along a much easier way to paint your walls. This aided in consuming less time in painting and more time in other more important activities.
The first goaltender mask ever created was not for hockey but for fencing. This fiber glass mask was mainly to protect one's teeth. Later on, it was adapted to a leather mask used for umpires in baseball, in order to protect their face against incoming balls or bats. It was not until 1959 that goaltenders wore masks full time. Designed to protect their faces from flying pucks and sticks.
Trivial Pursuit is a well known game that is still played to this very day. The game was invented in December of 1979, however, it was not released until 1982. During this three year time period, the game was being perfected and further developed. It's inspiration came from a game of scrabble with pieces missing. Therefor, Chris Haney and Scott Abbot decided to create their own game.
In 1999 the BlackBerry Smart Phone was introduced to the general public. Invented by Mike Lazaridis, the first version of the BlackBerry was the 850. This new type of phone is constantly being developed and improved for customer satisfaction. This hand held evice has more than 200 million units shipped in the history of it's existence. It is because of the invention of the BlackBerry that people have access to apps like BBM (BlackBerry Messenger).
Although WonderBra was the first trademarked name in the US, it was originally developed in Canada. Moe Nadler was the founder and majority owner of the Canadian Lady Corset Company and licensed the trademark for Canada in 1939. Obviously this invention is key to Canadian Identity because, well if Canadian women didn't wear bra's, most of us would be dragging them behind us. This invention made a difference in many many lives and surely affected to lingerie market of today.
The Canadarm is a specialized robotic arm placed in space on the Space Shuttle in order to move payloads. This has affected Canada greatly in the sense that it has furthered our space research and made certain tasks in space easier to accomplish. Without this specialized technology, who knows where we would be in our atronomical research.
The Bixi bicycle sharing system was created in Montreal, Canada. This system aids in providing bike rentals wherever you may be in cities such as Toronto, Montreal, Waterloo and New York. These bike rentals are run through touch screen operated pay stations. You can access the stations by using you Bixi Key, obtained by long term online subscription.
Joni Mitchell can very easily be said one of Canada's heroes due to her remarkable music career. Joni went from being a nightclub singer to a hit music icon. She wrote many songs in many different styles which wasn't very difficult due to her wide ranging vocals and instrumental talents. Joni has become an inspiration to many different musicians in many different genres.
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