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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION
Transcript of HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION
World war 2 and the japanese invasion on Dec. 8, 1941, however interrupted the transition plan.
A Japanese "republic" was established . A new constitution was ratified in 1934 by filipino collabolators who were called the Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod ng bagong Pilipinas (KALIBAPI)
the 1935 Constitution
The US approved a ten year transition plan in 1934 and drafted a new constitution in 193
The Malolos Congress
A revolution was launched and against Spain and the revolutionaries declared Philippine Independence in Kawit Cavite on June 12, 1898. What became known as the Malolos congress was convened on Sept. 15, 1898.
was approved on January 20, 1899, ushering what is called the First Philippine Republic
in 1916, the US passed the Jones Act which specified that independence would only be granted upon the formation of a stable democratic government modelled on the American model, not the French model as the previous constitution had been.
the Philippine Independence
Philippine Independence was eventually achieved on July 4, 1946. The 1935 constitution which featured a political system virtually identical to the American one, became operative. The system called for a president to be elected at large for a four year term, a bicameral congress, and an independent judiciary
Independence to Martial Law
Marcos was elected president in 1965 and was re elected in 1969. Desirous of remnaining in power beyond his legal tenure, he declared martial law in 1972, just before the end of his second and last term, citing a growing communist insurgency as its justification.
the 1973 Constitution
Just before the end of of Marcos 2nd and last term, he manipulated an ongoing constitutional convention and drafted a new consitution-the 1973 constitution which allowed him to rule by decree until 1978 when the presidential system of the 1935 constitution was replaced with a parliamentary one.
Martial law was offcially lifted but Marcos continued to rule by the expedient of being "re elected" in a farce of an election to anew 6 year term. Despite economic decline, corruption allowed Marcos and his wife Imelda to live extravagantly, causing resentment domestically and criticism internationally.
The People's Choice
when opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr. was assasinated upon returning from exile in 1983, widespread outrage forced Marcosto hold "snap" elections a year early.
"people power" revolution
Corazon Aquino was installed as
This new constitution was drafted in 133 days by an appointed constitutional commission of 48 members and ratified by the people. It was largeley modelled on the American Constitution which had so greatly influenced the 1935 constitution, but it also incorpporated Roman, Spanish, and Anglo law
consitutional history of the philippines/ constitution Net