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Do's and Don'ts of Summary Writing

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by

Bryan Nance

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of Do's and Don'ts of Summary Writing

Do's and Don'ts of Summary Writing
Objectives
Determine the difference between a good and bad summary
What is a Summary?
Write down what you think a summary is, and then work with a partner to create a definition.
A summary is a short version of a text that highlights the main idea. Summary writing, when done in your own words, helps you remember what you understand about the main points.
Identify and list do's and don'ts of a summary
include all of the main points
be shorter than the text
be written in your own words
A summary should...
A summary should not...
give general background information
explain why you are writing
give supporting details
Identify the author's purpose and the main points of a summary
Define what a summary is
Does this look like a good salad?
Read for understanding
Tips for writing a summary
Identify the key words and main points
Cross out unnecessary information
Follow the organization of the original text
Your summary should be about 15-20% of the original text
Let's look at an example
Height connotes status in many parts of the world. Executive offices are usually on the top floors; the underlings work below. Even being tall can help a person succeed. Studies have shown that employers are more willing to hire men over 6 feet tall than shorter men with the same credentials. Studies of real-world executives and graduates have shown that taller men make more money. In one study, every extra inch of height brought in an extra $1,300 a year. But being too big can be a disadvantage. A tall, brawny football player complained that people found him intimidating off the field and assumed he "had the brains of a Twinkie." (p.301)
---Locker, K. O. (2003). Business and administrative communication (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO:Irwin/McGraw-Hill.
Original text
Main points
“Even being tall can help a person succeed.”
“Executive offices are usually on the top”
“being too big can be a disadvantage”
Throughout the world, being tall will lead to professional success. In fact, research shows that employers are more likely to hire taller men and to pay them more, as compared to shorter
men with the same qualifications (Locker, 2003).
Summary 1
In most countries, height suggests status. For instance, higher executives normally use top floors of office buildings. Further, research shows that men over six feet tall are more likely to be hired than those shorter than them but with the same qualifications. Taller men also receive greater incomes, possibly as much as $1,300 a year more than those only one inch shorter than them. However, as a tall and muscular football player points out, a disadvantage to being tall is that some individuals may perceive you as threatening or even dumb (Locker, 2003).
Summary 2
Summary 3
Though height may connote slowness to some people, in the business world, it is almost universally associated with success. For example, taller men are more likely to be hired and to have greater salaries. Further, those in top positions within a company are more likely to work on the top floors of office buildings (Locker, 2003).
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