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Transcript of "Rama's Initiation"
Dasaratha, being a good king, tells the sage that he will accompany and protect him on his journey.
Viswamithra wants Rama, the king's son, to join him on his journey instead. The king is confused and bewildered, for Rama is just a boy.
However, after some discussion and persuasion, the king agrees to allow two of his sons to accompany Vismanithra. Thataka was a beautiful demigoddess whom married a chieftain named Sunda. Together they had two supernatural sons.
Sunda and his sons realized their power and destroyed many things.
Agasthya, a saint, cursed and killed Sunda for his actions. Angered, Thataka and her sons were bent on revenge. Agasthya turned them into demons.
Thataka now lives in the barren land, bringing fire upon any who enter her terrain. Thataka's Story Mahabali's Story Ahalya was created by Brahama to be a beautiful woman.
God Indra took notice and being the highest god of all, he thought himself worthy of her.
Brahma ignored him and gave her to the Sage Gautama.
When Gautama returned her to Brahma, his purity impressed Brahma and he told Gautama to keep her as his wife.
Her story doesn't end there as the god Indra still found himself cheated and infatuated with her.
Indra tricked Gautama away from his wife and proceeded to turn into Gautama's shape and beds Ahalya.
Gautama returned sooner than expected and found them together.
Indra turned himself into a cat and tried to run off, but Gautama caught him and turned him into a creature that represented all that he thought about.
For her part in the act, Ahalya was turned into a slab until the moment that Rama brushed against her and set her free. Ahalya's Story Each of the stories that Viswamithra tells Rama has important meanings and lessons that lead one to understand Dharma (one's role in the universe).
The five-fold evils (lust, anger, miserliness, egoism, and envy) are what prevents one from obtaining Dharma.
Viswamithra understands this and wishes to teach it to his traveling companion so that he might understand and know what the evils are and how to over come them in order to find his role. The Journey Journey: Encounter with Thataka Ganga's Story Journey: Sacrifices Journey: Ahalya's Introduction The journey of Viswamithra, Rama, and Lakshmana (Rama's brother) begins.
While on their journey, they reached an incredibly dry and scorched land.
The heat started to negatively effect Rama and Lakshmana. So, in response, Viswamithra gives the boys two mantras. The meditation helps Rama and Lakshmana traverse the barren land.
Rama asks Viswamithra why the land was so horrible, and in response the Sage tells the story of Thataka. Credits to the Makers Works Cited Anger Suddenly, the frightful Thataka appears before Rama, Viswamithra, and Lakshmana and challenges them.
However, Rama is unsure about killing a woman. Viswamithra tells Rama that Thataka is nothing like a women; she is evil.
An intense battle between Rama and Thataka ensues. Rama defeats Thataka ,"thereby also inaugurating Rama's life mission of destroying evil and demonry" (Narayan 13).
Rama also received weapons from certain deities.
Then they come upon a misty forest and Viswamithra starts another story... Miserliness Anger Miserliness Lust/Envy/Egoism The Prevention of Dharma Thataka's Story shows Rama what anger can do to someone. It overcomes them and turns them into demons and blinds them.
Viswamithra hoped that he could show Rama how to overcome anger and how to reach Dharma. Lust/Envy/Egoism In the story of Mahabali, he does not display miserliness, but his company does and it serves its purpose.
Sukracharya interrupts and tells the King that Vishnu is too small and unworthy to receive a gift.
Ahalya is an unfortunate heroin in this story as it is not her, but Indra that expresses all of these evils.
Envious of Gautama's fortune for being wed to Ahalya, believing that only he was worthy of her, God Indra took to bed Ahalya in the form of her husband.
Expressing lust, envy, and egoism brought him to be a thousand-eyed monster. Jessica Spiker and Ethan Sylvester:
The two of us split up the writing evenly, Jessica writing the first story slides and Ethan finished the rest of the story slides.
We worked together with the Dharma, Conclusion, and Five-Fold Evil section especially.
As for editing, we worked hard to check each other's spelling, read, and reread to make sure everything sounded like it should.
We worked together in directing this project along with finding all the illustrations.
Jessica was able to figure out the whole images thing on Prezi and she really put all the slides and pieces in the right place to make it look nice. Narayan, R. K., and Pankaj Mishra. The Ramayana: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic (suggested by the Tamil Version of Kamban). New York: Penguin, 2006. Print.
Johnson, Jean. "Rama and the Ramayana: Lessons in Dharma." Rama and the Ramayana: Lessons in Dharma. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. http://www.cs.ucdavis.edu/~vemuri/classes/freshman/RamayanaSynopsis.htm
Valmiki. "The Ramayana Wikipedia." Study Guides & Essay Editing. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. http://www.gradesaver.com/the-ramayana/wikipedia/
Krishnaarpanamastu, Sarvam Sri. "Indian Sages - Sage Viswamitra." Indian Sages - Sage Viswamitra. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. http://www.telugubhakti.com/telugupages/Sages/Viswamitra.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ahalyoddhara.jpg After the story of Mahabali, Viswamithra concluded his story and then announced that he would perform the sacrifices.
Demons came to ruin the service, including the sons of Thataka in order to exact their revenge for their fallen mother.
Rama was able to over come them with Lakshmana.
Due to this act of heroism, Rama was told that they were to go to Mithila City, where Viswamithra knew events would unfold for Rama.
They came across the Ganges River, leading Viswamithra to begin another story... As Viswamithra, Rama, and Lakshmana were on the outskirts of Mithila City, Rama noticed a shapeless slab in the ground.
He brushed past it and as the dust of his feet fell onto it, the slab immediately transformed into a woman.
Politely introducing Ahalya, Viswamithra proceeded to tell Rama her story and the great Indra whom was studded with a thousand eyes. Conqueror of the Heavens and Earth, Mahabali invited all those that had suffered at his hands and performed yagna (sacrifice).
Vishnu (god responsible for creation, maintenance, and destruction of the world) took the form of a dwarf.
Mahabali sensed his greatness and offered him a gift
Sukracharya, kings adviser, blinded and unable to sense greatness told Mahabali that he must not, the being before him was not worthy.
Mahabali told him off and proceeded to offer.
Sukracharya tries to prevent the oath between Mahabali and Vishnu, but failed.
The dwarf took three steps; one that measured the entire span of the Earth and sky, the second that covered the Heavens, the third on the head of Mahabali, pushing him into the netherworld. One of Rama's ancestors, Sakara, was going to perform an important yagna, the "Horse Sacrifice". However, Indra (the god of war) hid Sakara's horse.
Sakara's grandson rescued the horse (with the help of his uncles who dug a large pit) putting him in good standing. The son of the grandson was named Bhagiratha.
Bhagiratha wanted to help his ancestors attain salvation. He prayed for a total of 30,000 years and finally his request was answered.
Ganga and Shiva made the rivers (Ganges) and the oceans from the large pit.