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Human Imprints: How People Use the Earth Grade 8 Geography
Transcript of Human Imprints: How People Use the Earth Grade 8 Geography
Chapter 3 Gage Geography Grade 8 Settlement Patterns Example: Some settlements a very large (megacities) and have millions of people
while others are small (towns or villages). Example: Some settlements specialize in certain functions
Hamilton -steel production
Oshawa- auto manufacturing
Larger settlements tend to specialize in many functions
Toronto- finance, arts, education, advertising, health research Example: Cities can be more or less dense (people per square KM)
You can build up (condominiums) or out (urban sprawl) settlement patterns can vary in purpose
Settlements can vary in density settlement patterns can vary in size Linear Scattered Clustered “The global forces ‘pushing’ people from the countryside- mechanization of agriculture in Java and India, food imports in Mexico, Haiti, and Kenya, civil war and drought throughout Africa, and everywhere the consolidation of small holdings into large ones and the competition of industrial-scale agribusiness-seem to sustain urbanization even when the ‘pull’ of the city is drastically weakened by debt and economic depression. As a result, rapid urban growth in the context of structural adjustment, currency devaluation, and state retrenchment has been an inevitable recipe for the mass production of slums” (Davis, 2007).
Mechanization of Agriculture Food Imports Civil War and drought Small Farms -- Large farms Machinery
Pesticides Less Farmers
Example: Haiti Climate Change- alters rain patterns Urbanization Push and Pull
Factors Structural Adjustments
State retrenchment Currency Devaluations
Financial Speculation Debt Changing Settlement Patterns Settlement patterns are continually changing because of many factors already discussed. Write down as many factors as you can that would alter (change, grow or shrink) settlement patterns. Alberta- Fort McMurray
Increase in the price of oil
Technology Also changing:
Mexico- Maquiladora zones
China- Export Processing Zones Urban sprawl
Increased automobile travel (C02)
Destruction of farming land
Time lost travelling
Cheaper housing in the suburbs in Canada- More expensive in the US ("White flight") (Inequality in income and power between areas--different levels of social services and opportunities) Site and Situation
Site = Physical features in the area
where the settlement is located.
Situation= General position of a
settlement in relation to transportation routes, other settlements and natural resources. How it relative location and what is in it affect us. Site and Situation: Case Study- Montreal.
Site factors- St. Lawrence river, fertile land, large hill (Mount Royal) and rock terraces
Situation: Transportation on the St. Lawrence, near beaver habitats (fur), timber, ore and closer to France than western Canada. Discussion Questions
Can you think of any settlement patterns in this area
or any that you are familiar with? Why do you think
they are formed in the way that they are?
What are some groups that might come into conflict over changing settlement
patterns (growing slums, deindustrialization, urbanization, resource extraction) in some part of the world. Why might they be in conflict and what might some possible solutions be to resolve the conflict?