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Aims, Membership & Structure of The League
Transcript of Aims, Membership & Structure of The League
THE LEAGUE The AIMS The AIMS SUCCESS?!? FAILURE?!? War was avoided in the 1920s, And from disputes like the Aaland Islands, the league settled things justly and correctly From the events in Corfu, Vilna and Abyssinia, we can see that the league didn't discourage aggression from the Nations involved. In fact they heightened it as they were easily influenced by powerful countries and ended up doing the wrong thing. Eventually the league lost all it's power and this resulted in war in 1939 2. To encourage countries to co-operate, especially in business and trade. The league thought that the best way to prevent war was to have countries to create bonds, because they wouldn't want to lose a source of trade. SUCCESS?!? With Nations trading, it meant that some friction was removed and Countries cooperated. FAILURE?!? Countries in the league could trade with countries out of the league which could lead to alliances. 3. To encourage Nations to disarm The league wanted all countries in the world to disarm so that war could be avoided for GOOD. SUCCESS?!? NOPE.. Disarmament completely failed in both the 1920s AND 1930s :( This was because none of the Nations trusted each other. 4.To improve the living and working conditions of people in all parts of the world. The league set out to do humanitarian work all over the world, including helping refugees from WW1, to improve working conditions, transport issues social problems and the health of all. SUCCESS?!? YES :D The league's humanitarian work improved lives so much in the aftermath of WW1 For Example ... Around 400,000 former prisoners of war were returned to their homes with the assistance on the league and... working towards the banning of poisonous white lead, and... limiting the amount of hours small children had to work and... and... Banning German, Dutch, French and Swiss companies involved in illegal drug trade MEMBERSHIP OF THE LEAGUE MEMBERSHIP OF THE LEAGUE Britain, France, Italy & Japan The USA: NEVER joined Britain France Italy Japan Germany USSR 1919 1919 1919 1919 1926 1934 1945 1945 1937 1933 1933 1939 The membership of the League was extremely fluid, with countries leaving basically as they wished This, with the fact that the USA never joining the league (even though it was their idea) Made the league look WEAK Some British politicians even said that if they had foreseen the American decision they wouldn't have joined the league either. With the members themselves lacking faith, how could the public trust in the League?!? The league depended mostly on the British and the French. However they had been badly affected by the First World War, so they were in no condition to fill the gap left by the USA. THE STRUCTURE OF THE LEAGUE. The Covenant Laid Out The League's structure And Rules For Each Of The Bodies Within It The Council Met about 5 times a year •It consisted of 4 permanent members: Britain, France, Italy and Japan. •It consisted of 4 permanent members: Britain, France, Italy and Japan. •It also had temporary members that were elected by the Assembly for 3 year periods. There were 4-9 temporary members at one time. Each permanent member had a veto, which meant they could stop a decision made by the council even if all other members agreed. Each permanent member had a veto, which meant they could stop a decision made by the council even if all other members agreed. The Council was to sort out any disputes between countries by discussion, but if this didn't work the Council could use a range of forces: •Moral condemnation- to decide which country was the aggressor and tell them to stop. •Economic and financial sanctions- members of the League refuse to trade with the aggressor. •Military force- members of the Leagues’ armed forces could be used against the aggressor. The Assembly •This was like the League’s parliament •Each member of the League sent a representative to the Assembly. •The Assembly voted on: Admitting new league members adopting new members of the council The budget of the league Ideas put forward by the council Permanent Court Of International Justice It was based at the Hague in the Netherlands The Assembly only met annually, this meant that if anything important happened within that gap, they had to wait until the next meeting which could be almost a year. Decisions made HAD to be unanimous. This could be seen as NEGATIVE Because if one country was opposed to the idea, no matter how good it was, it would have to be declined POSITIVE Small, less powerful countries could have their say. OR Made up of judges from member countries it settled border disputes •It gave legal advice to the Assembly and Council. •It had no army which meant it couldn't make sure countries obeyed its decisions. With no army, the League was basically useless The ILO Brought together employers, governments, and workers’ representatives once a year. •Aim- Improve conditions of working people all over the world. •Gathered information about working conditions and tried to persuade members to support its suggestions. tried the fact that it says the League tried shows that they couldn't force Nations to support its suggestions The Secretariat This was like the League's office •It kept records of League meetings, and prepared reports for the different agencies of the League. •It kept records of League meetings, and prepared reports for the different agencies of the League. The Commissions The Mandates Commission: It made sure that Britain and France were acting in the interests of the people in mandated territory they ruled and not their own interests. Refugees Committee Helped return refugees to their homes after WW1. The Slavery Commission Worked to abolish slavery all over the world. The Health Committee Tried to deal with the problem of dangerous diseases and educate people about health and sanitation. Pictures Pictures QUIZ TIME :D Whoever gets the most points at the end wins! 1) What was based in The Hague? a) The ILO b) The Assembly c) The Permanent Court Of International Justice Correct Answer: The PCOIJ 2) Which of these was NOT a part of the League's organisations? a) Slavery Commission b) International Military Board c) Permanent Central Opium Board Correct answer: International Military Board
For 2 bonus points, can you say why? 3) What year did the USSR join the league? a) 1933 b) 1934 c) 1932 Correct answer: 1934 3) What was the only aim that didn't fail at all? a) Disarmament b) Humanitarian Work c) Discouraging Aggression Correct answer: Humanitarian work 4) How often did the council meet? a) Five Times A Year b) Once A Year c) In Times Of Crisis Correct answer: Once a year 5) Which country thought up the idea of the league? a) Britain b) France c) USA http://www.sporcle.com/games/CCCP/league-of-nations- Founding Members of the "League of Nations"
Argentina Australia Belgium Bolivia Brazil Canada
Chile Republic of China Colombia Cuba Czechoslovakia
Denmark El Salvador France Greece Guatemala
Haiti Honduras British India Italy Japan Liberia
Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Norway
Panama Paraguay Persia Peru Poland Portugal
Romania Siam Spain Sweden Switzerland
Union of South Africa United Kingdom Uruguay Venezuela
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (known as Yugoslavia) By Holly &Neona Correct answer: 1934 Correct answer: USA Correct Answer: 1934