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Transcript of Archetypal Criticism
- It is important to have a well balanced history of "observing" so that it is very easy to recognize types of archetypes which may change the meaning of the piece. - Step 1 Identify the main archetype Step 2 Identify the reasons why it is
the main archetype Step 3 By: Tom Shea
Ian Fox Identify other archetypes that are important to the piece of literature "This paper means to demonstrate that, in focusing on the possibility of letting youngsters act by themselves, Lord of the Flies dramatizes the manner in which man’s conscious attitude changes when the archetype of the Self, in Jung’s archetypal meaning of the term, manifests into consciousness." Anecdote: In the short fiction piece "La Belle Zoraide" the shadow is an important archetype. "One archetypal image that is especially prominent in Chopin's story is the "shadow"—a symbol which, for archetypal critics, commonly stands for the unknown, the individual's fear of the
unknown, and/or the individual's unconscious. The extensive shadow imagery in "La Belle Zoraide" suggests all of these meanings and operates within a general pattern of archetypal imagery and themes."(Kimberly Barron) Every story has a central archetype. Identifying it
helps one understand the story as a whole, as entire novels can be based on a single archetype. A friend of mine introduced me to a movie. I was confused the entire time. The guy we were supposed follow seemed like a villain, except he did things for the common good. Throughout the first half of the film, I kept on asking my friend whether this guy was supposed to be a good guy or not. At first he kept telling me to watch, but eventually, he paused the movie. I was then introduced to the idea of the anti-hero archetype. It is now my favorite movie. Of course, stating the main archetype isn't enough.
Without backing up your reasoning, one could find
themselves with a weak criticism. When colors, character traits, or symbols can be related to other pieces, they are most likely archetypes. Step 4 Now that we have identified the archetypes and what they mean, its time to think about why they are used The archetypes presented in Orpheus were presented because archetypes are "...repeated patterns of experience in our very ancient ancestors which, he maintained, survive in the collective unconscious of human race and are expressed in myths, religion, dreams , and private fantasies, as well as in works of literature." (S. Barathi) Archetypes tend to hold a constant meaning across most genres and people understand them. When Writing Literature
- When writing either a short story or really any other thing that can include person, place, or thing then it is best to make these fit into a specific archetypal so that by the end the reader understands what is being said. Table of Contents I) Chapter 1
A) Understanding Archetypal Criticism
B) Applying Archetypal Criticism
C) Applying Archetypal Criticism Cont. II) Chapter 2
A) List of Archetypes
B) Step 1
C) Step 2
D) Step 3
E) Step 4 "In Frankenstein it is possible to look at both of the main characters as the hero. Starting with the Victor Frankenstein, the hero is the most obvious archetype fit to him. It is easy to say that Victor made a horrible mistake, went through a difficult journey, and was a changed character by the end of the book. Life for Victor started out very normal, then got pretty crazy after he brought his creature to life, and ended with his death at the end of the book." RCathey List of Main Archetypes Munezo Katagiri black- darkness, death, evil
red- passion, blood, anger
white-purity, peace, innocence
blue- devotion, truth, cooling Colors: Nature: sun-brightness, rebirth, healing
fire-passion, love, energy
fall- death, dying, loss of innocence
summer- growth, life
winter-death Characters: the hero- becomes a leader after many trials; a champion
devil figure- evil, opposes hero, offers fame or success in exchange for the hero's soul
mentor- a role model, guidance, knowledge
mother- caring, nurturing,
father- powerful, judgement, the guardian Archetypal Criticism Archetypal criticism focuses on the reoccurance of an image in order to make the pressense of a certain achetype be known. This is done by showing images, patterns, and symbols. They are used to personify certain qualities in a text. Some archetypes include symbols such as an apple or a snake which represent differnt things but carry that thing in a story without emphasizing it. These representations are created around cultural significance or psychological myths. Norhtorp Fry This was also an important archetypal critics due to his ability to point out the invisible. In his words, "it is through the lens of this framework, which is essentially a centrifugal movement of backing up the text towards the archetype, that the social function of literary criticism becomes apparent." But this he means that without backing up from any framework in a text, you cannot see the important aspects of a text. Without deeply looking into the words, it is not clearly seen what is tryuly going on. His words brought much knowledge to the idea of archetypes and helped people understand that with hidden criticism meaning, comes the need for investigation.