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Transcript of John Bowlby
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Born : February 26th, 1907 - London, United Kingdom
Death : September 2nd, 1990 - Skye, United Kingdom
Nationality : British
Education : Trinity College, Cambridge, University of Cambridge
Key Idea : Attachment Theory
In the University of Cambridge, Bowlby received plenty of thorough scientific training and some instructions on, what we now call, development psychology. Bowlby started re-considering his career goals when he started volunteering in a maladjusted school for children.
Professional life on Course
The experience he had with two kids in significant set his professional life on course. One being an affectionless teenage boy who got expelled for theft and no mother figure. Other being an anxious young boy (near 7-8 years old) who was known as Bowlby's shadow. Intrigued by the effect of early family relationships on personality development, Bowlby decided to change the path to his career a slight bit.
What do you think?
If your parents are always fighting, how would you be affected in the future?
Your siblings are constantly making fun of anything and everything that you do. Would you be affected or would you block them out?
Attachment theory : How a child reacts when the tie between the child and the mother is disrupted through separation, deprivation, and/or bereavement.
Bereavement : mourning; state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one.
Traditional Psychoanalysis Terminology
Bowlby used traditional psychoanalysis terminology like love object, libidinal ties, ego and superego. Bowlby's conclusion was that to grow up mentally healthy "the infant and young child should experience a warm, intimate, and continuous relationship with his mother (or permanent mother substitute) in which both find satisfaction and enjoyment" (Bowlby, 1951, p.13)
Bowlby believed that fathers have their uses but normally played the second role to the mother and that men's main role is to provide emotional support to the females' mothering. Children need a close and continuous care-giving relationship.
The Formulation of Attachment Theory and the First Attachment Study
- Theoretical Formulations
Bowlby's first formal attachment theory was built on concepts from ethology and development psychology which was presented to the British Psychoanalytic society in London.
- Separation Anxiety
Traditional theory explains nether the intense attachment of young children and infants to a mother figure nor their dramatic responses to the separation.
Robertson and Bowlby identified three phases of separation responses: protest (separation anxiety), despair (grief and mourning), and denial/detachment (defense mechanisms, especially repression)