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PERSONAL POLLUTION

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cynthia elep

on 8 July 2014

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Transcript of PERSONAL POLLUTION

PERSONAL POLLUTION
Personal Pollution
means the harmful effect of a bad and improper lifestyle on the human body which can lead to diseases and disorders.
Smoking, drinking, and irregular eating habits are the main causes of personal pollution.

Prepared by:

Cynthia Elep
Patrick Natuel
Raffy Gozo
Kino Balbanero
Red Norbe

Some of the common sources of Personal Pollution include:

Fertilizers, Pet Waste, Hazards around the Home (motor oil, antifreeze, and gas), urban runoff (oil, grease and toxic chemicals from automobile) and Agriculture (sediment, pathogens, pesticides and salts).
This also may include:

Food additives
Alcohol and smoking
Cosmetics
Medicine
Dangerous drugs & narcotics


   - substances added to food to improve its flavor, color, texture or resistance to spoilage, it enhances the shelf-life if food products, it also makes food attractive to consumers.

Food Additives
List of Food Additives:
Acids 
- are added to make flavors "sharper", and also act as preservatives and antioxidants. Common food acids include vinegar, citric acid, tartaric acid,malic acid, fumaric acid, and lactic acid.

Bulking agents 
such as starch are additives that increase the bulk of a food without affecting its nutritional value.
Food colorings
 -  are added to food to replace colors lost during preparation, or to make food look more attractive.

Color retention agents
 -  are used to preserve a food's existing color.

Emulsifiers
 - allow water and oils to remain mixed together in an emulsion, as in mayonnaise, ice cream, and homogenized milk,



Flavors - 
are additives that give food a particular taste or smell, and may be derived from natural ingredients or created artificially.

Flavor enhancers 
- enhance a food's existing flavors. They may be extracted from natural sources (through distillation, solvent extraction, maceration, among other methods) or created artificially.

Preservatives
- prevent or inhibit spoilage of food due to fungi, bacteria and other microorganisms.

Stabilizers-
thickeners and gelling agents, like agar or pectin (used in jam for example) give foods a firmer texture. While they are not true emulsifiers, they help to stabilize emulsions.

Sweetener
s are added to foods for flavoring. Sweeteners other than sugar are added to keep the food energy (calories) low, or because they have beneficial effects for diabetes mellitus and tooth decay and diarrhea.
Alcohol & Smoking
- is the inhalation of the smoke of burning tobacco encased in cigarettes, pipes, and cigars.

Casual smoking-
is the act of smoking only occasionally, usually in a social situation or to relieve stress. A
smoking habit -
is a physical addiction to tobacco products
SMOKING
. Many health experts now regard habitual smoking as a psychological addiction, too, and one with serious health consequences.


Smoking is dangerous to our health because it can affect to our lungs.

2 Types of Smoking
Active smoking
is the inhaling of smoke by the smoker himself.
Passive smoking
is the inhaling of smoke by non-smokers in some smoke-filled places.
Alcohol
It is ethanol also called ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol, is present in varying amounts in beers and wine. It is produced by the natural process of fermentation.
Alcoholism
is a chronic disorder characterized by an uncomfortable need to drink alcohol beverages. The disease is a serious form a drug abuse since it alters the functions in causing accidents particularly in the road.

Effects of Alcohol:
   It can damage the liver leading to a condition known as
cirrhosis.
Alcohol damage the hearts muscle cells causing eventual deterioration. The disease is called
alcoholic cardiomyopathy
characterized by weak contraction of the heart.
Alcohol can cause inflammation of the nerves known as
peripheral neuritis.
Peripheral neuritis
causes intense pain in the affected part.
Cosmetics
- (known as  make-up) are care substances used to enhance the appearance or odor of the human body. They are generally mixtures of chemical compounds, some being derived from natural sources, many being synthetic.

Composite term for a variety of adornments and camouflages applied to the skin,lips, hair, and nails in accordance with societal and cultural dictates.

Types of Cosmetics:
Solutions
Creams
Lotions
Suspensions
Ointments
Powders
Gels
The majority of cosmetic industry use in their exfoliating products tiny spherical particles of 
POLYETHYLENE
(the most common type of plastic) as abrasive ingredient. There have been peer-reviewed scientific studies (1) demonstrating that these microparticles (up to 1 mm) are not effectively retained in the waste water treatment plants and end up in rivers and ultimately in the oceans.
Harmful effects of cosmetics:
Skin diseases and reactions
Allergies
Harmful for eyes
Damage to nails
Cancer and other chronic diseases
Ageing
Danger to reproductive organs
Hair problems
Headache

Medicine
- is a substance used for the treatment or prevention of disease. Medicine can have undesirable effects. This might happen if it is taken in too large quantities or for too long period of time.

How to reduce the risk of side effects?

Take all medicines strictly as prescribed.

Taking medication incorrectly can cause side effects.

Don’t take anyone else’s medicines.

Dangerous drugs & Narcotics
- A drug that affects the brain and that is usually dangerous and illegal.

Drugs are needed to prevent or cure disease. There are drugs which are regulated and some are restricted.
Regulated drugs
are those which can be taken by a patient but under the administration of his physician. (Regulated means the dosage required is just enough to produce the particular effect needed). (
Restricted drugs
means that if the drug is being used) it may produce harmful effect or might even kill a person when taken in LARGE AMOUNT.
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