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Transcript of References
Diverse Learners. PBL System. The traits and characteristics of diverse learners.
(2003). Retrieved October 20, 2013 from
Fleming, C. (2013). Tactile Learning, People Who Learn by Doing. Retrieved from
Hendrick, Joanne and Weissman Patricia. Total Learning Developmental Curriculum for the Young Child.
(Boston MA). 8th Edition. Pearson Education Inc.
Job, Jennifer and Zorigian, Kris. Technology for Exceptional Learners. How do Special Education Students
benefit form Technology. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved October 20,2013
Stanberry, Kristen. (2010). Student-Led IEP meetings: Technology puts teens in the driver’s seat. Special
Education Technology Practice, 12(5), 15-18. Retrieved October 20, 2013 from
NCTE National Council of Teachers of English. Supporting Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Learners
in English Education. (2009). Retrieved October 23, 2013 from
Incorporate the rich backgrounds of linguistically and culturally diverse students by:
•introducing classroom reading materials that celebrate the students' cultural richness; connecting the readings with the students' background knowledge and experiences; encouraging students to discuss the cultural dimensions of the text
Developing Basic Vocabulary :
•decorate the classroom with colorful sticky notes identifying
every item in the room (e.g. desk, windows, door etc.)
•allow students to become familiar with and appreciate the
sounds and structures of written language; recognizing that first- and second-language growth increases with abundant reading and writing
•have students build their own English glossary, then you will assign activities such as making a crossword puzzle using the words from their glossary
•the activity they made will be to help other students learn the words as well
Technology for Reading
•Speech synthesizers/screen readers:
they are able to display and read aloud text on a computer screen, including text that has been typed by the user, scanned in from printed pages, or text appearing on the internet
People who learn by doing are "Tactile Learners"
Characteristics of Tactile Learners.
* Are good at sports.
* Like to build models.
*Like adventure books, movies.
*Like science labs
* Can't sit for too long.
* Are usually bored with lectures.
Best and Worst Testing Type
Assistive technology provides tools, devices, and softwares that allow this people to learn in a different way adapted to their needs. (Job)
This technology can be included in the school setting and home to make sure the child has the right environment to learn plus family, friends, therapists and teachers need to be involved with the use of the technology for better learning responses and progress on this children.
Examples of Assistive Technology or AT
AT or Assistive technology not only works with individuals with special needs, but with every person that might only need support on the learning process, some of the sources provided by Jennifer Job and Kris Zorigian that help exceptional and diverse learners are
Provides “Reaching Every Learner, Differentiating Instruction in Theory and Practice,” A website with options for every kind of student you might have in your classroom, and with tools for teacher to identify their needs. Furthermore it has a technology that includes sources to help teachers to plan and incorporate the use of technology in the classroom.
t is a free software that captures student voices and photographs to cooperate on a subject. With this program students can record their works and narrate their projects.
s an iPad/iPod Touch application that permits students with writing and communication disabilities to use symbols and create their own messages with limitless opportunities on their communication charts because they are using the Internet.
offers consumer guides and links to software and assistive technology devices for students with disabilities,it also gives information for teaching science, math, reading, and writing using technology.
Importance of Technology
With the creation of a good planned IEP and the use of technology, students can develop a lot of skills that without technology they probably would not. Technology devices can help them talk and communicate which is basically the base of being human,it also allows students to learn, understand, participate and communicate with devices that combined with an appropriate IEP, accommodations and well thought lesson plans can turn the life of a diverse learner into a normal life with a lot more opportunities.
Many students, both with and without disabilities, struggle with mathematics. As educators we must find ways to make math accessible and engaging for all students.
Hints and strategies:
Provide appropriate reading accommodations, inadequate reading skills are a barrier to math instruction.
Reinforce basic math skills with frequent practice.
Align instruction for ALL students. It is important for students to have access to the full curriculum.
Look for ways to help students make practical connections between math concepts and the world around them.
Use the internet for resources (students and educators).
3 Types of Diverse
Effective math instruction for students with diverse learning needs is crucial. Students with learning disabilities, AD/HD, behavior disorders, students with cognitive difficulties, and gifted children will benefit from well planned curriculum and teaching strategies.
3 Types of Diverse Learners
1) Students with disabilities
2) English language learners
3) Gifted and talented learners
3 Types of Diverse Learners Explained
Students with Disabilities / Strategies for Teaching
Systemic instruction where students regularly apply strategies learned by mastering concepts.
Self instruction, through which students learn to manage their own learning with prompts or solution oriented questions.
Peer tutoring, an approach that involves paring students together to learn or practice an task.
Visual representation, uses manipulatives, pictures, number lines, and graphs.
Instruction for English Language Learners
-6 Ways to teach ELL's their ABC's and 123's-
1) Create vocab word banks. Use charts, math vocab words, and illustrations for references.
2) Use manipulative tools that make math content comprehensible.
3)Modify teacher talk and practice wait time. It is important to give ELL's time to process questions and formulate responses.
4) Elicit nonverbal responses. Ex: thumbs up or thumbs down. They can participate without using language.
5)Consider math and language skills when grouping students.
6)Utilize partner talk. This allows students to pair up and put their thought into words. Eliminates the pressure
Mathematics and the Gifted/ Talented Learners
Gifted students have needs that differ in nature
for other students. Requiring differentiated instruction.
-6 Strategies for Teaching the Gifted Student-
1) Create assessments that allow for differences in understanding, creativity, and accomplishment.
2) Choose textbooks that provide more enriched opportunities for learning.
3) Use multiple resources.
4) Be flexible.
5) Use inquiry and discovery based learning.
6) Expect high level products when assigning homework, projects or solutions to challenging
Diverse student learners include students from racially, ethnically, culturally, and linguistically diverse families and communities of lower socioeconomic status.
According to Diplomas Count: An Essential Guide to Graduation Policy and Rates, the national graduation rate is 69.6 percent.
Nationally, while close to 30 percent of students do not graduate, only 51.6 percent of Black students, 47.4 percent of American Indian and Alaskan Native students, and 55.6 percent of Hispanic students graduated from high school on time with a standard diploma, compared with more than three-quarters of non-Hispanic whites and Asians.
Teaching tactile for diverse learners.
The growing diversity in U.S. classrooms encourages the development and use of diverse teaching strategies designed to respond to each student as an individual. Some strategies that should be used in the classroom include:
. Educators need to model culturally responsive and socially responsible practices for students.
Crossing cultural boundaries
. Teachers and teacher educators must be willing to cross traditional, personal and professional boundaries in pursuit of social justice and equity.
Teaching as a political act
. Teaching is a political act, and in our preparation of future teachers and citizens, teachers and teacher educators need to be advocates for and models of social justice and equity.
Variety of Educational Experience
. Students have a right to a wide variety and range of high quality critical educational experiences that help them make informed decisions about their role and participation in language, literacy, and life.
Diverse Learners and Technology
Diverse Learners is not a term related only to children or individuals with a form of disability,but according to the Diverse Learning committee are people who because of gender, cultural background, socioeconomic status, different ability levels, or learning styles, might have academic needs that require diverse instructional strategies to support their learning. (The Traits and Characteristics of Diverse Learners, 2003)
On the term Diverse Learners we can include: Learning Disabilities, Behavioral and Emotional disabilities, Autism, Gifted or Talented, Speech and Talent Disorders, Blindness and low vision plus Kinesthetic Learners. (The Traits and Characteristics of Diverse Learners, 2003).
All this diverse learners need aids to improve their skills and develop the areas they have difficulty on. Here is where Technology plays an important role, on the change of this people’s life by giving new opportunities and tools to learn.
In the early stages of inclusive education, many educators and parents focused on the social opportunities for students with disabilities or other abilities. Now recognizing that socialization was not the only benefit. Academic progress became an equally valued outcome of inclusive practices in education.
There are so many borders
that divide people from on another,
but for each border
there is also a bridge. Gina Valdes
Supporting Linguistically and Culturally Diverse Learners in English Education.
Sahel Garcia Alfisi Tiffanie Ruiz
Susan Nesper Iliana Montes Elizabeth Bawidamann
Respect all learners
. Teachers and teacher educators must respect all learners and themselves as individuals with culturally defined identities.
Funds of knowledge
. Students bring funds of knowledge to their learning communities, and, recognizing this, teachers and teacher educators must incorporate this knowledge and experience into classroom practice.
Facts about diverse students.
UNC’s Center for Literacy and Disability Studies:
Uses technology to support literacy and communication on individuals with disabilities. The Center for literacy and disability studies also developed a video on reading and assistive technology that explains some practices that show how technology can improve literacy. Another example this center offers is a “pencil” for people that cannot hold a pencil or has blindness, this technology works with switches and electronic flip charts plus includes eye gaze to allow children to point at things with their eyes without touching anything.
More AT Tools
Create your own IEP
Every diverse student in order to be more successful on his education should have and IEP (Individualized Education program), required by law on the IDEA act (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), with the use of the technology, adolescents and teens can help on the creation of their own IEP and can collaborate with parents, teachers and therapists. Technology like laptops, iPad, recorders, music and different applications can motivate and keep these diverse learners engaged and proactive with their own learning process. (Stanberry, 2010).
The Diverse Learners committee defined diverse learners as those students who, because of gender, ethnic background, socioeconomic status, differing ability levels, learning styles or disabilities, may have academic needs that require varied instructional strategies to help them learn. Some traits and characteristics include:
Traits and characteristics of diverse learners.
Gifted and talented
Speech and Language disorders
Blindness and low vision
•Create a classroom library that contains books suitable for a wide range of interests and reading levels
• Provide nonfiction books; these have high interest and contain text features and pictures that support reading
• Encourage independent reading with texts that are both easy and motivating
• Lead a book discussions on easier books that the students show an interest in
• Allow students to present their own book discussions on their favorite books
• Provide opportunities to practice reading fluency with poetry, choral reading, and books on tape (while following along)
• Check in with struggling readers each day to discuss and monitor their independent reading
• Read the more difficult books during read-aloud time; encourage reading of the easier books during independent reading time
• Allow time for independent reading every day, and observe struggling readers during this time
Examples of Activities
Identify and go beyond various cultural group holidays.
Name, research and share the personal histories of all in the classroom; compile these stories and use as classroom resources.
Incorporate popular culture (e.g., music, film, video, gaming, etc) into the classroom curriculum.
Invite parents into the classroom to speak to all students on family life and cultural traditions, or to share an area of their expertise.
Use classroom approaches that empower students socially and academically.
• Interactive process: listening, speaking, reading, writing related to everyday:
-word meaning by triggering and apply background
knowledge and experiences to help them understand
-incorporate reading into play and daily routines, some
-cook from recipes, make a shopping list, and write down phone
– symbol and word schedule that allows them to read it and
visual learn the word
-use the schedule throughout the day
– write out the lyrics to a song and then they can follow along
as you sing
-this allows them to learn the words by hearing it and seeing it;
using more then one of their senses
Steps for students struggling in reading independently
Here are some tools that can help all types of learners.
Tactile learners like to experience what they learn. They can remember complicated directions once the have acted them out.
Tactile learners may benefit from going to the museum, planetarium, biological garden where can have first hand experience on the subject science subject that they are learning.
Kindergarten ABC song
Visual, auditory, phonics, music, & word recognition lesson
Science is a good subject for tactile learners.
* You can use models such as the DNA sequence that the student can touch and manipulate.
Best Ways to Teach
Field Trips and Tactile Learners
Field Trips a
Making Math Instruction Accessible
for Diverse Learners
The best type of tests for tactile learners are:
The worst type of test for tactile are long tests and essays.
Teaching Techniques that Promote
Among Diverse Learners
•Paper-based computer pen:
it records and links audio to what a person writes using the pen and special paper. It enables the user to take notes while simultaneously record the teacher speaking. The user can listen to any section of his notes by touching the pen to his corresponding handwriting or diagrams. This type of tool may benefit people who struggle with writing, listening, memory, and reading
Learning how to read can be rewarding, yet difficult for some students. As teachers it's important to know what type of learners our students are. Once we know that we can then create multiple ways to cater to diverse learners.