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GENDER ROLES AROUND THE WORLD
Transcript of GENDER ROLES AROUND THE WORLD
By Ayla Altunlu
According to a research in 2008 nearly the same percentage of men and women believed in traditional gender roles and men think that it’s better for everyone however women think they are oppressed by men and need equality.
The United States has sharply defined gender roles: Feminity and masculinity are clearly distinguished (and enforced) through the use of formal and informal sanctions.
The U. S. A.: The aggressive women is considered "unfeminine," and "abnormal." Non-aggressive men are considered "wimps" or "fairies."
In this continent women have highly traditional household responsibilities doubled over with the expectation of career success that is still somehow best only when subservient to a male leader.
In South America, gender roles have evolved through a blend of native Incan and invading Spanish influences with a strong family focus. Women's status as items of beauty continues to be a major part of women's roles in society, but women are welcomed in all industries as contributors.
In common with most under-developed areas of the world, women in African societies are, to varying degrees, limited by their gender. Women usually live as homemakers, child-bearers and wives. It is also fair to say that in many such cultures, women spend their youths under the authority of their fathers, and their adulthoods under the control of their husbands. Men dominate the lives of women in most spheres, and limit the ability of women to change their own circumstances.
Europe, the main representative of "Western" culture, the official line is that men and women are equal. However, it is clear that gender roles have evolved in a way that undercuts this official line
Despite the fact that more than half the European student population is female, women hold less then 15% of full professorships in Europe, according to the She Figures 2006 from the European Commission. While the percentage of female university graduates and PhD holders has increased, the gender gap is not closing at the same rate as careers advance.
Australian women are spending on average two hours more each day than men on housework,
child care and purchasing goods and services. Men spend almost the equivalent extra time on
employment-related activities as well as an extra half hour per day on recreational and leisure
Women are often portrayed as the weaker one who depends on the male for support. But I see many working women these days who are independent and stable.
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