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Poetic Forms

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Jennifer Conlan

on 5 April 2013

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Transcript of Poetic Forms

Syllable and Word-Based Rhyme-Based Free Verse Haiku A short form of Japanese poetry. Each Haiku contains 17 syllables. Haiku are about nature. Haiku are broken into three lines. Each one contains a specific number of syllables.
5 Green and speckled legs,
7 Hop on logs and lily pads
5 Splash in cool water 5 Spring is in the air
7 Flowers are blooming sky high
5 Children are laughing 5 Sand scatters the beach
7 Waves crash on the sandy shore
5 Blue water shimmers Cinquain http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/diamante/ 5 I am first with five
7 Then seven in the middle --
5 Five again to end A style of American poetry developed at the beginning of the 20th century. Cinquains were inspired by Haiku poetry and follow a very specific pattern. The Cinquain (think cinco) is made up of five lines. Each line calls for different parts of speech or specific types of words. With the exception of the fourth, each line requires a certain number of words. Line 1: A noun

Line 2: Two adjectives

Line 3: Three -ing words

Line 4: A phrase

Line 5: Another word for the noun Line 1: Spaghetti

Line 2: Messy, spicy

Line 3: Slurping, sliding, falling

Line 4: Between my plate and mouth

Line 5: Delicious Line 1: Triangles

Line 2: Pointy edges

Line 3: Revolving, rotating, angling

Line 4: Triangles are all different.

Line 5: Three Line 1: Spiders

Line 2: Bold, Silent

Line 3: Jumping, Running, Spinning

Line 4: Amazing predator with style

Line 5: Arachnid Diamante Diamante (or diamond) poems came to be in 1969. Similar to the Cinquain, Diamante poems follow a very strict structure, but begin with an idea that is opposite or contrasts the ending idea. In a Diamante poem, each line calls for a certain numbers of words of a specific part of speech. Because of the number of words in each line, the seven lines of the poem will end in the shape of a diamond.
Line 1: Water
Line 2: Wet, Deep
Line 3: Flowing, Splashing, Swaying
Line 4: Lake, Ocean, Island, Forest
Line 5: Growing, Stabilizing, Living
Line 6: Hard, Dry
Line 7: Land Line 1: Noun
Line 2: Two adjectives
Line 3: Three action verbs that end in "-ing"
Line 4: Four nouns or a phrase about the nouns in lines 1/7
Line 5: Three action verbs that end in "-ing"
Line 6: Two adjectives
Line 7: Noun Line 1: Life
Line 2: Wonderful, Fortunate
Line 3: Fantasizing, Socializing, Communicating
Line 4: Horrible, Beautiful, Beginning, End
Line 5: Greusome, Bad, Terrible
Line 6: Unknown, Dreary
Line 7: Death Poetry Couplet A couplet is a very simple type of rhyming poetry that has been used for hundreds of years. Couplets (like a couple or pair of things) contain two consecutive lines that rhyme. A couplet can be used as two lines that make up an entire poem, or put together with other couplets to make a longer poem. Couplets are a good way to give catchy advice or express some humor. Line 1: At the very end of the couplet's first line
Line 2: Should be a word that rhymes with the next just fine Line 1: Nature puts on little shows
Line 2: Every time it rains or snows Line 1: Look at all the pumpkin faces
Line 2: Lighting up so many places.

Line 3: On the porch and in the yard,
Line 4: Pumpkin faces standing guard.

Line 5: Looking friendly, looking mean,
Line 6: With a smile or with a scream.

Line 7: Orange faces burning bright
Line 8: In the cool October night. Line 1: An apple a day
Line 2: Keeps the doctor away Line 1: Twinkle, twinkle little star
Line 2: How I wonder what you are

Line 3: Up above the world so high
Line 4: Like a diamond in the sky

Line 5: Twinkle, twinkle little star
Line 6: How I wonder what you are Quatrain Line 1: The mountain frames the sky
Line 2: As a shadow of an eagle flies by
Line 3: With clouds hanging at its edge
Line 4: A climber proves his courage on its rocky ledge Quatrains were made popular thousands of years ago in Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome and China. However, these four-line poems are still popular today. Quatrains come in a couple of different forms. The first form is made up of two couplets paired together in a stanza. The first two lines of the Quatrain are made up of a couplet that uses a rhyming word which is different from that of the second couplet. Form 1
Line 1: A Quatrain's made of two rhyming pairs
Line 2: Put together by an idea that's shared
Line 3: The first pair rhymes one set of words
Line 4: But second pair changes the rhyme that's heard Line 1: Today there was some snow
Line 2: It's falling down a treat
Line 3:Then the wind began to blow
Line 4: And now it's turned to sleet Line 1: Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall
Line 2: Humpty Dumpty had a great a fall
Line 3: All the kings horses and all the kings men
Line 4: Couldn't put humpty together again Limerick The second form is similar, but the rhymes come every other line. The first line rhymes with the third line and the second rhymes with the fourth. Form 2
Line 1: The second form is a little bit different
Line 2: The rhymes now come at a another time
Line 3: We've just shuffled them all and sent
Line 4: Them all to every other line Popularized by Edward Lear in the 19th century, Limerick poems are funny poems that follow a strict rhyming scheme. A Limerick is made up of a stanza of five lines. The first, second, and fifth lines rhyme and have a similar length. The the third and fourth lines rhyme, but are a little shorter than the other lines in the poem. Line 1: There once was a fellow named Tim
Line 2: whose dad never taught him to swim
Line 3: He fell off a dock
Line 4: and sunk like a rock
Line 5: And that was the end of him Line 1: There was an old man from Peru
Line 2: Who dreamt he was eating his shoe
Line 3: He awoke in the night
Line 4: With a terrible fright
Line 5: And found that his dream was quite true 'I cannot go to school today, '
Said little Peggy Ann McKay.
'I have the measles and the mumps,
A gash, a rash and purple bumps. Line 1: There was a young lady from Leeds
Line 2: Who swallowed a package of seeds
Line 3: Now this sorry young lass
Line 4: Is quite covered in grass,
Line 5: But has all the tomatoes she needs Line 1: There was a young boy from Lincoln
Line 2: Who showed up to school really stinkin'
Line 3: So I took out the hose
Line 4: Aimed right at his nose
Line 5: And gave him a bit more than a sprinklin' Two Voice A two voice poem is a poem that is read aloud and performed by two different performers. The performers each read some lines individually, while others are shared. These poems are often written from two contrasting perspectives. Spoken Word Spoken word poetry originated from the Harlem Renaissance and blues music. It became popular in the United States in the 1960's, a time of a lot of social changes. Because of this, spoken word poetry is often related to social issues or is deeply emotional. Spoken word poetry is performed dramatically. Free-verse is hard! Here are some tools and tips to get you moving: First, choose a topic that you're the expert on! Think things like your family, your home, your city, your favorite stuffed animal. It's best to choose something you care about since this type of poetry tends to be more emotionally driven. Think with your senses. You're trying to describe to your audience the very essence of your topic. Make sure you don't leave out how it looks, smells, tastes, sounds and feels. Don't forget to be literary! Use colorful language to make your poem unique. Line 1: Sunshine
Line 2: Ceaseless, Carefree
Line 3: Illuminating, Flaming, Embracing
Line 4: Cloaked in clouds the sun weeps --
Line 5: Releasing Eclipsing Cloaking
Line 6: Sorrowful Fleeting
Line 7: Rain Also important in these poems is the fact that lines 1 through 3 are all related to the noun in line 1. Lines 5 through 7 are related to the noun in line 7. Often line four is split between the two nouns, connecting the ideas. My mouth is wet, my throat is dry,
I'm going blind in my right eye.
My tonsils are as big as rocks,
I've counted sixteen chicken pox And there's one more-that's seventeen,
And don't you think my face looks green?
My leg is cut-my eyes are blue-
It might be instamatic flu. I cough and sneeze and gasp and choke,
I'm sure that my left leg is broke-
My hip hurts when I move my chin,
My belly button's caving in, My back is wrenched, my ankle's sprained,
My 'pendix pains each time it rains.
My nose is cold, my toes are numb.
I have a sliver in my thumb. My neck is stiff, my voice is weak,
I hardly whisper when I speak.
My tongue is filling up my mouth,
I think my hair is falling out. My elbow's bent, my spine ain't straight,
My temperature is one-o-eight.
My brain is shrunk, I cannot hear,
There is a hole inside my ear. I have a hangnail, and my heart is-what?
What's that? What's that you say?
You say today is...Saturday?
G'bye, I'm going out to play! ' San Jose Now that we've gotten some tips on getting started, let's take a look at an example and some tools you can use to write your own... Tips Tools Metaphor - This helps the reader better understand your topic and makes your writing more interesting Alliteration - Using alliteration draws attention to certain words and gives your poem a unique sound Repetition - Repeating a single word in a poem draws extra attention to that word. You can repeat a word multiple times within a line or at the end of stanzas to help you organize your poem, as it is in this case. If you choose to emphasize a word, make sure it's related to your poems major themes. End and Internal Rhymes - Using these types of rhymes in your poem gives it a fun sound and can also help with the rhythm it's read with. Remember, you may use any rhyming pattern you'd like. Syllable Emphasis - giving special attention to certain syllables in a line adds a fun rhythm to your poem that sounds great when read aloud. To get started... To give your poem some pop... Inhaling
Beating, pulsing
A jazzy rhythm on a rusty drum kit Sirens scream while writhing streams of citizens weave
Serendipitously through city streets
A traffic light beams green
The taxi drivers seethe
Go, go, go! Crowds gather in troves
Around bushels of sweet smelling bananas, mangos
Fresh breads packed hurriedly in loaves
Stores stacked and strewn wall to wall
Merchandise and advertisements, “Coming this Fall!”
The store clerk urges,
Go, go, go! Then the sky opens up
Rain it falls over top city sprawl
Leaving sprays of mist, explosions
On the now-empty streets
A mother with infant and groceries in hand
Whispers to herself
Go, go, go! The rain pitters out gently with the last rays of the sun
Lights hung on buildings and over streets click and whirr
Night creeps into the city, muffling the craze of day
A car horn blasts and fades into the distance
An exhale Styles, Structures and Resources Sick By: Shel Silverstein Personification - Something that is not alive is given human qualities or abilities. Using personification helps readers better relate to poem topics and makes your writing more interesting. ` Lune Lune- A form of poetry that was styled after Haiku. It is sometimes called American Haiku. Instead of syllables, a three-line lune consists of words in the following pattern: 3-5-3
5 Green and speckled legs,
7 Hop on logs and lily pads
5 Splash in cool water 5 Spring is in the air
7 Flowers are blooming sky high
5 Children are laughing 5 Sand scatters the beach
7 Waves crash on the sandy shore
5 Blue water shimmers 3 I love chocolate.
5 Like heaven in my mouth!
3 Let’s eat more.
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