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Lord of the Grammar

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Noah Whitacre

on 26 April 2016

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Transcript of Lord of the Grammar

"Scared of the dark."
"The tall dwarvish pillars."
"Into the mines of Moria."
A fragment is a an incomplete thought.

Parts of Speech
Created by: Alex Guy
Parts of a Sentence- Created by: Karysa Wilkinson
Parts of a Sentence
Created by: Karysa Wilkinson
The four types of sentences.
Usage in Grammar
a dash is twice as long as a hyphen.
abrupt break in though
there are no spaces on either side of the dash
NOT to replace proper punctuation
Lord of the Grammar

Created by: Drew Byerly
Your= Possessive. Your ring, Your precious.
You're= YOU ARE. You're going to take the ring. You're going to protect your precious.
Your and You're. It really isn't very hard. Just try!
There, They're, Their.
There= A place.
There is precious. We must take precious. Master Hobbits will destroy precious if they take it over there!
They're= THEY ARE. They're going to destroy the ring.
Their= Possessive. It is not their ring, it is my precious! They cannot destroy it!
It, Its, It's.

All right folks. You can do it!
Appositive-A phrase that is an interrupting definition.

the true king of Gondor,
rallies the armies of Rohan and Gondor to attack Mordor.

the lord of the rings of power,
marches on Minith Tirith.

Fellowship of the Comma (,)
A Sentence is a group of words that has a subject and its predicate and that makes a complete thought.
The noun or pronoun that the sentence is about.

The words that are about the subject.
have no memory of this place."
"I" is the subject since it is a pronoun and the sentence is about "I" (Gandalf).
"Let us
that our presence may go unnoticed."
Hope is part of the predicate because
it is about the subject. It is more
specifically called the simple
predicate or the AVP: action verb.
Not as sound could be heard as the fellowship entered except for the echo of their footsteps.
"We must face the long dark of Moria. Be on your guard. There are older and fouler things than Orcs, in the deep places of the world."
A phrase is a group of words that does NOT contain a subject and its predicate, and that also acts as a single part of speech
Direct Object
The noun or object pronoun that receives the action of the action verb. Object pronouns are used for direct objects...
"Helm's Deep! They flee to the
mountains when
stand and fight."
... But an adjective cannot be a direct object.
The people were now
Indirect Object
The noun or pronoun that is located between the action verb and the direct object and that is
indirectly affected by the action.
"We are proud to fight
, once more."
Object pronouns are used
for indirect objects.
The elves gave
renewed hope.
Subject Compliment
The noun, pronoun, or adjective that is linked to the subject by a linking verb, forming an equation.
"Let this be the
we draw swords together."
Predicate nominative is a subject complement that is a noun. Predicate adjective is a subject complement that is an adjective.
Participle-A phrase with any verb being used as a adjective.

The screaming Nazgul
paralyzed the armies of Gondor.

On the battle field,
two clashing armies
fought for the future of Middle Earth.
Prepositional-A phrase that begins with a preposition.

The armies of Gondor hide
within their city

Gandalf leads the charge
into the Uruk-Hia army.

Clause: A group of words that contains a subject and its predicate.
Noun: The name of a person,place, or thing.
Pronoun: A word that takes the place of a noun.
Subject Pronouns: Pronouns used for subjects.
Object Pronouns: Pronouns used for objects.
Articles: The three adjectives a, an, and the.

Verbs: A word that shows action or being or links a subject to a subject complement.
Adverb: A word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.
Conjunction: A word that joins two words or two groups of words.
Preposition: Shows the relationship between its object and another word in the sentence.
Interjection: Shows emotion but has no grammatical function.
List of Subject Pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they.
List of Object Pronouns: Me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them.
List of Possessive Adjectives: My, your, his, her, its, our, your, their.
Definite Article: The adjective 'the'.
Indefinite Articles: The adjectives 'a' and 'an'.
List of Coordinating Conjunctions: Or, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so.
List of Subordinating Conjunctions: If, as, since, when, and because.
List of Correlative Conjunctions: Either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also.
The venturing hobbit needs to destroy the evil ring.
----------------------Simple, Declarative Sentence-----------------------
The hobbit travels quickly into Mordor; he needs to destroy the ring.
II/ Compound/Declarative Sentence
Where is my calling precious?

Simple/ Interrogative Sentence
One independent clause.
Two independent clauses. (II)
One independent clause. (I)
The ring is mine, give me my precious!
Compound/ Imperative Sentence.
Two Independent Clauses. (II)
Declarative Sentences.
Declarative sentences are sentences that make statements.
Bilbo was a Hobbit.
Bilbo gave the ring to his nephew.
Interrogative sentences ask a question.
Interrogative Sentences.
Master Frodo? Are you all right?
Where is Gandalf?
Imperative Sentences
Imperative sentences give commands.
Fly, you fools!
Do not give me the ring.
Exclamatory Sentences.
Exclamatory sentences are sentences that exclame something.
No sir! I wasn't dropping no eaves sir!
Master Frodo! Look Out!
IT= A thing.
It is a sword that turns blue when it senses an orc.
The elf stabbed the orc in its side.
It's important to get bring the ring to Mordor and destroy it.
An independent clause is a clause that makes sense alone.
The journey would be difficult.
Frodo stared at the ring.
A dependent clause is one that does not make a complete thought and can not stand alone.
If the ring did not get destroyed.
Although Frodo was a steadfast lad.
Simple Sentence: A one-clause sentence. (I)
Compound Sentence: A sentence with two or more independent clauses. (II for example)
Complex Sentence: A sentence with an independent clause and a dependent clause. (D,I for example)

Compound Complex: A sentence that combines the compund and complexe sentence structure. (an option
for this would be D,II)
Legolas slid down the wall shooting as he went.
n v prep adj n v conj pro v

Aragorn slashed viciously with his sword.
n v adv prep adj n

adj adj n nnn v adj adj n
adj n v adv prep prop pro v adj n
conj v adj adj n
adj n v n v n adj n
at the end of a declarative sentence
at the end of a mild imperative sentence
after most abbreviations
inside closing quotation marks

after an exclamatory sentence
after a strong imperative sentence
inside closing quotes if part of quote
outside quotes if not part of quote
NOT to be cute.
after introductory participial phrases
after introductory interjections
after informal salutations
after long introductory prepositional phrases
after multiple introductory prepositional phrases
after introductory dependent clauses
after the day and year
after the city and state
around nonessential(nonrestrictive) clauses
around nonessential participial phrases
around most appositives

The Two Commas (,)
around nouns of direct address
around parenthetical expressions
before coordinating conjunctions in i,cci compound sentences
between all items in a list
between coordinate adjectives preceding a noun
between contrasts introduced by not
between name and degree or title
inside closing question marks
Question Marks (?)
at the end of an interrogative sentence
inside the closing quotes if part of quote
outside quotes if not part of quote


title of a book
title of a magazine
title of a work of art
title of a train or airplane
words, letters, and numbers as such
foreign language words
The Return of Comma (,)
NOT between cumulative adjectives preceding a noun
NOT after a short prepositional phrase
NOT between compound subjects/predicates
Not between subject and verb
Semicolons (;)
between independent clauses with no coordinating conjunctions (ili)
between item in a list if the items themselves contain commas
between independent clauses joined by however, although, etc.
Colon (:)
before a list that is not a compound direct object or subject complement
before a long formal statement
before a long quotation,as in a research paper
between hours and minutes in time
between bible chapter and verse and formal salutations
between titles and subtitles
Apostrophe (')
noun made into a possessive
missing letter in a contraction
missing numbers in a year contraction
plurals of letters,numbers,signs,and words as such
with an s to show possession after a singular noun
alone to show possession after a plural noun ending in s for quotations with in quotations
in the contraction of it and is
NOT in the possessive pronoun its
NOT in plural centuries or decades
Quotation marks (")
around a direct quotation
commas and periods go inside quotes
colons and semicolons go outside quotes
around title of short story, poem, or song
around title of article, chapter, or part of publication
NOT to indicate cute, trite, or ungrammatical terms
Infinitive-A phrase in which a noun is a modifier made from the 'to' form of the verb.

The place
to go
is Mordor.

To destroy
the ring will save Middle-Earth.
Gerund-A phrase with an -ing verb form used as a noun.

The Elves' singing
sounded like a stream in spring.

The armies marching
could be heard from Mines Tirith.

Exclamation Points (!)
Periods (.)
Ellipsis (. . .)
to indicate words omitted from quotations
in printed books the ellipsis look like. . .this
use three periods if the omission is within a sentence
use four periods if the omission occurs right after a sentence ending
the first is the period at the end of the sentence followed by the ellipsis

around parenthetical remarks added to a sentece

Brackets ([ ]{ })
around words inserted into quoted material
word divided at end of line
compound written numbers from twenty-one through ninety-nine
fractions used as adjectives
prefixes before proper noun or proper adjective
compound nouns that include prepositional phrase
compound adjective when it precedes its noun
do NOT use a hyphen when you intend a dash
do NOT hyphenate an adverb to an adjective
Sentence example with a period
One does not simply walk into Mordor.
Sentence example with a comma
Potatoes! You know, boil em, mash em, stick em in a stew.
Sentence example with a semicolon
I will take the ring to Mordor; I will destroy it.
Sentence example with a colon
There were only two choices for the noble group of warriors: Run or Fight.
Sentence example with an ellipsis
Master Frodo, I do not trust him. . . What if he is leading us into a trap?
Sentence example with an exclamation mark.
Fly, you fools!
Sentence example with a question mark.
Who will take the ring to Mordor?
Sentence example with quotation marks
Frodo spoke, "I will take the ring to Mordor."
Sentence example with an apostrophe
Sam's shoulders hunched forward as he continued to march.
Sentence example with italics
The ring was inscribed with foreign words.
"Ash nazg durbatulûk, ash nazg gimbatul, ash nazg thrakatulûk, agh burzum-ishi krimpatul"
Direct Object
Direct Object
Karysa: Parts of the Sentence
Alex: Parts of Speech
Drew: Punctuation
Anna: Clauses
Types of Sentences
Usage in Grammar
Punctuation Example Sentences
Noah: Phrases
Set up the Prezi
Background Photos
(Noah set up the main bac
Grammar Editing
Thank You!

-Prepositional- -Infinitive-
Created By:
Anna Peterson
Alex Guy
Drew Byerly

and Noah Whiteacre
Karysa Wilkinson
..................................................No Phrases..................................................

Punctuation Example Sentences
Created by: Anna Peterson
Created by: Anna Peterson
Created by: Anna Peterson
Created by: Anna Peterson
Created by: Noah Whiteacre
Created by: Noah Whiteacre
Full transcript