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Diversity of living things

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maryan mahdi

on 28 November 2011

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Transcript of Diversity of living things

Diversity of Living Things Living Things:
All living things have a cycle of life
Birth, Growth, Reproduction and Death Diversity:
Variety of characteristics
Individuals Uniquness There are six kingdoms of life in biology:

1. Archarbacteria
2. Eubacteria
3. Protista
4. Fungi
5. Plantae
6. Animalia Archaebacteria:

Oldest living organisms on earth
Type of prokaryote
Unicellular organism wihtout a cell nucleus
Found in bad places like- under the sea or volcanic vents
Classified by where they live Eubacteria:

Microscopic single-celled organisms
Live places where archaebacteria doesn`t
Contains a cells wall, Cytoplasm, DNA, Plasma membrane, pili, Flagella and Ribosomes
Prokaryote microorganisms
Wide ranges of shapes Protista:

Need some kind of water-based environment
All are aerobic
Grouped into 3 groups: Algae, Fungus-like protista and Protozoa
Must reproduce or grow by mitosis Animalia:
Most ingest their food then digest
Can move/ travel rapid
Reproduce sexually
Their cells are organized into tissues By: Maryan Mahdi Plantae:

Cell walls made of cellulose
Environment: land and water
Reproduce both sexually and asexually
Photosynthesis: absorbs light Fungi:

Kind Of Plant
Lacking in chlorophyll
Fungi are heterotrophs: obtaining nutrients by absorption
Others are parasitic: obtain nutrients from living hosts
Can reproduce both sexually and asexually Halophiles:
Organisms that survive in environments with high salt concentration
Some organisms contain a red/orange pigment Life cycle:
Expend energy to exclude salt from their cytoplasm to avoid protein aggregation
require at least a 2 M salt concentration
high concentration of NaCl in their environment limits the availability of oxygen for respiration
Are unable to survive outside their high-salt native environment Size: Habitat:
Salt lake in New Mexico
Great salt lake in the saltiest water in the Western Hemisphere Nutrition:
Grow in the presence of 0.4- 3.5 M NaCl
Can grow in minimal (salt-glucose) medium at Hp values obove 6.0 Interesting fact:
Halophiles live in environments with high concentration of salt. The name comes for the Greek word ``salt loving`` Baclillus anthracis:
This organism grows in both aerobic and anaerobic environements
Word anthracis comes from the greek word Anthrakismeaning coal
Produces capsules Life cycle:
includes both vegetative and endospore morphologies
alternate based on nutrient availability
Must go through the life cycle in a good manner Size: large rod shape Habitat:
Can be found in soil areas in the world Nutrition:
Febrile disease of virtually all warm-blooded animals
Commonly characterized by septicemia and a rapidly fatal course. Interesting fact: Bacillus anthracis was the first bacterium to be proven to be the cause of a disease Amoeba:
Discovered in the year 1757
Refered to as proteus animalcule
Unicellular organism
Reproduction takes place asexually Life cycle:
The amoeba reproduces asexually
Similar to the cell division that takes place in organisms like mammals
Goes through mitosis
Divided into one originall cell and two daughter cells
During phagocytosis amobea changes it shape and reassembles itslef Size: Habitat:
Unpolluted ponds
mud in the ponds
Ditches Nutrition: Interesting fact: Amoeba doesnt have a fix shape but appear like a blobs like jelly- like substances Ustilago cynodontis:
Rank - species
Relates to Pseudozyma
parasitic on flowering plants Life cycle:
the corn smut
dispersal of the basidiospores
spores produce yeast cells
dikaryon formation will occur
mycelial cells become round and break to give rise to the thick-walled teliospore stage. Size: Habitat:
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,160 meters
require both arginine and lysine
growth rate is slow
arginine concentration affect the growth yield Interesting fact: This disease is produced by the black, sut, and smut Sunflower:
Sunflowers are large flowers containing seeds
Sunflowers have blossoms of yellow, orange or red rays of petals
grows to be about 2 peds tall
Their leaves grow on opposite pairs Life cycle:
The five stages of a sunflower's life cycle are; seed, sprout, seedling, young adult and adult. During these five stages the sunflower seed transform from a tiny seed into a huge sunflower. Bermuda Grass infected with Ustilago cynodontis Size: Habitat:
A sunflower needs water, hot weather, sunlight, air, soil, nutrients and oxygen to create its food. Nutritions:
contains 25% protein
Same protein level as meat
They contain liberal amounts of vitamins
The mineral content includes calcium, potassium, magnesium and iron. Intersting fact: Sunflowers are one of the fastest growing plants. They can grow 8 to 12 feet tall in rich soil within six months. Lions:

The lion belongs to the following groups:

•Kingdom Animalia (includes all animals)

•Phylum Chordata (includes all vertebrate animals, as well as some other more primitive ones)

•Class Mammalia (includes all mammals)

•Order Carnivora (includes carnivorous mammals, from bears to raccoons to harbor seals)

•Family Felidae (includes all cats)

•Genus Panthera (includes the great roaring cats: lions, tigers, jaguars, and leopards)

•Species leo (lions) Life cycle:
Most lions relax or nap during the hottest parts of the day
Lions hunt in the evening or at night when conditions are cooler and prey are less aware. Size:
lion is a powerfully built, muscular cat
Larger version of cats
Fur is short and generally in colour
Live in organised social groups
Their jaws are short and strong with long canine teeth Habitat:
Hot areas (deserts)
Different areas in Africa Nutrition:
Lions are carnivore (meat eater)
Male lions are 20 to 35% larger than the females and 50% heavier Intersting fact: Lions are a symbol of power. Most lions drink water daily if available, but can go four or five days without it. Nutrition:
Impact flowers
Ustilago cynodontis has two different cell
Types: mycelial cells and yeastlike cells Example of archaebacteria: Example of Eubacteria: Example of Protists: Example of Fungi: Example Of Plantea: Example of Animalia: Work Cited:

http://www.thebigger.com/biology/plant/what-is-kingdom-plantae/ Plantae:

Cell walls made of cellulose
Environment: land and water
Reproduce both sexually and asexually
Photosynthesis: absorbs light
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