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Relative clauses

relative clauses, relative pronouns, defining and nondefining relative clauses.

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Transcript of Relative clauses

Relative clauses
when do you use them?
Relative clauses,
are used to give additional information about something without adding another sentence.
With the help of relative clauses, your text becomes more fluent, and avoids repetitive words.
What are relative pronouns?
Subject or object pronoun
for people. (like : she, he).
My sister
who lives in France
came to see me.
Object pronoun for people.
(When you replace him/her).
Subject or object pronoun
for animals and things.
Subject or object pronoun
of people, animals and things.
Possession for people,
animals & things.
Mr. Bean
whom I met
at the Supermarket.
The phone
which we bought
is new.
I didn’t like
the movie that we
saw yesterday
That boy, whose
mom is a nurse,
is really cute.

relative clauses It gives detailed information defining a general term. These clauses are not put in commas.
relative clauses give additional information about something, but it is not essential. These clauses are put in
We use it when we want
to talk about a place.
I often travel
to Mexico where
I once lived.
We use it when we want
to talk about time.
She lived in the
Dark Ages when
life was very hard.
We can leave out the object pronoun in defining relative clauses.
The woman (who) I saw at the gym is nice.
But this is not possible
with the subject pronoun.
The woman
saw me at the gym is nice.
The woman saw me at the gym is nice.
When we are
we put non-definding relative clause between
to show that the clause contains
extra information
When we use
relative clauses in
, we use
rising intonation
before the clause and
before and after it.
My mother's sister
who'll be visiting us tomorrow

lives in Australia.
My mother's sister
who'll be visiting us tomorrow
lives in Australia.
Thank you for your attention.

When can we use it? For example: “
My brother, who lives in France, came to see me
”. With the same example you can say that this is not essential information, but something additional because we can infer that I have only one brother.
When can we use it? For example: “
My brother who lives in France came to see me

It is essential information because we can “infer” that you have more than one brother.
Full transcript