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Late Adulthood Psychology

Lou Ferragonio, David Orbin, Kevin Schaefer, Mark Weifenbaugh

Kevin Schaefer

on 3 March 2011

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Transcript of Late Adulthood Psychology

Late Adulthood Erikson's Stage Theory Kubler-Ross' 5 Stages of death and dying "Have I lived a full life?" An Overview
Review accomplishments Despair Begin to feel helpless
Feel that life was a waste
Success Anger "Why me? It's not fair!"; "How can this happen to me?"; "Who is to blame?"
Feelings of integrity
...Confidence, reassurance Denial Changes and Adjustments Social Change Bargaining Newfound value on family and friends
Worries of putting too much strain on family
Lessening in variety of social contacts
Heightened spirtuality
Retirement is expected
More time is spent relaxing
Financial dependence
Often dependent living arrangements "I feel fine."; "This can't be happening, not to me." Depression Physical Change —"Just let me live to see my children graduate."; "I'll do anything for a few more years."; "I will give my life savings if..." Acceptance "I'm so sad, why bother with anything?"; "I'm going to die... What's the point?"; "I miss my loved one, why go on?" —"It's going to be okay."; "I can't fight it, I may as well prepare for it."
Body begins to break down
Wrinkles and Liver spots appear on skin
Hair loss
Slower reaction time and agility
Decreased sex drive
More susceptible to bone diseases usually only a temporary defense for the individual This feeling is generally replaced with heightened awareness of positions and individuals that will be left behind after death.
Death of a Spouse Anger at the spouse for leaving
Despair and guilt
Trouble sleeping
Little interest in food
Concentration problems the individual recognizes that denial cannot continue The person beomes difficult to care for due to misplaced feelings of rage Staying Active Reactions to This stage involves the hope that the individual can delay death
Staying active can fight off depression Usually, the individual begings negotiationg with a higher power to extend thier time although they understand they will die During this stage, the individual begins to realize the certainty of death Societal Impact
Targeted advertising
Hair restoration, sexual arousal, skincare
Elderly are entranced by lure Grieving and crying are heavily accompanied by silence and the refusal of visitors The actions and emotions present in this stage allow the dying or grieving person to disconnect from love and affection This grieving time is essential to the individual and it is not recommended to attempt to cheer them up. In this last stage, the individual begins to come to terms with his mortality or that of his loved one concept was originally applied to people who suffered from terminal illness and then to those who suffered a catastrophic personal loss
. Divorce, drug addiction, terminal illness or disease as well as disasters and tragedies serve as examples. "From birth, we are destined to reach the path of death" Kubler-Ross claimed that
these steps do not necessarily come in any particular order
every step is not experienced by every patient.
each person will experience at least 2 of these phases, and often time patients will experience a sort of roller coaster effect, switching several times between stages before working through them.
Mental Health
Elderly people who remain physically active significantly reduce their risk for cognitive decline.
Staying active can help fight off Alzheimer's disease and dementia.
Physical activities include walking, yoga, gardening, golf, housework and babysitting
Other leisure activities such as reading, writing, doing puzzles, playing cards, practicing a musical instrument and visiting friends are also closely connected to reduced cognitive decline in older adults.

Activity can reduce the risk of premature death due to: Heart Attack, Stroke, Diabetes.
Thinking, learning, memory
& problem solving Reduced ability to think clearly
Difficulty recalling memories/ imagination tasks
New memories are mostly affected, some aspects can improve
Alzheimer's disease - a degenerative disorder of the brain that produces both diminished thinking abilities and memory problems
Slower information acquisition
Vocabulary and skills improve Hearing Diminishes, especially high frequency sounds
Hearing aids can compensate for much of one's hearing loss Vision Eye lenses become less flexible and discolored, affecting both distance and color vision
Visual acuity
50% are legally blind Sexual Functioning There is no age where arousal and orgasm stop
Many medicines are available to aid
Loses reproductive functioning
Keeps elderly healthy with exercise and social interaction Social Interaction Less social due to decreased mobility
Maintain ties and relationships they choose to keep
Can aid with personal health
Selective Social Interaction - Choosing to restrict the number of one's social contacts to those who are most gratifying Emotions Ability to control emotion improves
More positive emotions Outlook Positive outlook can lead to strong relationships, activism in community, confidence in struggles
Negative can alienate friends and family
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