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The Academic Writing Process

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Ian Stone

on 22 June 2016

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Transcript of The Academic Writing Process

The Writing
Process

Ian Stone
English Language Fellow Jilin University
QQ:2100701627
Ian.Stone@Ymail.com

Thesis Statement
Prewriting
The key to the whole essay
Located at the end of the introduction
Must connect to all support paragraphs
Must contain a topic + control idea
Prewriting, Drafting
Revising + Editing

Drafting
Thesis Statement
Topic Sentences
Support Information
Coherence
Unity
Listing
Group similar concepts
List all connected ideas
Mind Mapping
Use words and Pictures
Create links and webs of ideas
Free Writing
Put pen to paper
No editing
Topic Sentence
Links the paragraph to the thesis statement
Unites the paragraph
Links to other paragraphs
Support Information
Personal examples
Facts + Statistics
Logic
Analogy
Unity
Answer the question exactly
Stay on topic
All aspects relate to the thesis statement
Drafting
Thesis Statement
Coherence
Logical progression
Parallel structure
Appropriate transitions
Prewriting
Listing
Free Writing
Mind Mapping
Let the ideas flow


Concluding Sentence
summarizes important points of the paragraph
Concluding Paragraph
Summarizes important points
from throughout the body
Paragraph
Essay
Revising + Editing
Drafting
Topic Sentence
gives the main idea
Supporting Sentences
further the main idea
Introduction Paragraph
Includes the thesis statement which presents the main idea
Supporting Paragraphs
elaborate on the main idea
Consistently telling the undiluted truth in a relationship is not only detrimental to maintaining the relationship and one’s personal privacy, it is intrinsically impossible.

Ex:
It is difficult to maintain one's privacy when one must always speak his or her mind.
Ex:
Sharing every little idea that comes across one's mind is like letting the air out of a balloon: Yes, air is benign and abundant. However, held insde a balloon, it allows the balloon to maintain its own unique shape.
Weak Example:
I can’t always tell the truth because I am not always certain of what the truth is at the moment. One time I told a lie to my friend. Later, he found out that it was not true, and I lost my friend.

Strong Example:
I can’t always tell the truth because I am not always certain what the truth is at the moment. Many times I have said something and firmly believed it at the moment, then several seconds later had a complete change of thought.

The Writing Process
Is not Linear
Weak Example:
There are several ways to make sure your friends are not lying to you. Not the least of which is to follow their eyes when they are talking. If they look down and to the left they are most likely telling a lie.
Strong Example:
There have been several times when telling lies has actually strengthened my friendship. For example, my friend was very sick and looked pale. He asked how he looked, and I told him he looked fine. After all, isn't it the duty of friends to support each other and give each other strength when they are feeling down?

Prewriting
Listing
Free Writing
Mind Mapping
Coffin, C. (2003). Teaching academic writing: A toolkit for higher education. London: Routledge.
Revising
+
Editing
A
dd
S
pelling
R
emove
M
ove
S
ubstitute
C
apitilization
U
sage
P
unctuation
R
emove
-
Off topic ideas
A
dd
-
Details
Descriptions
Clarification
S
ubstitute
-
Use a thesaurus
M
ove
-
Logical order
C
apitalization
-
Names, Titles,
Proper Nouns, I
U
sage
-
Verbs!!!!
Grammar
P
unctuation
-
. ; : ? ! , “ ” ( ) ’
S
pelling
-
Check all words
H)-adding, changing, or deleting sentences.
A)-changing boring words to exciting words
G)-making sure that the ideas flow
I)-rewriting the first or last paragraph, so that they connect, but are not the same.
D)-correct spelling mistakes
F)-indent paragraphs
C)-improve the quality of the writing
B)-help readers to follow the essay easily
E)- , ? ! . " "
Revise
Edit
H)-adding, changing, or deleting sentences.
A)-changing
boring words to exciting words
G)-making sure that the ideas flow well
I)-rewriting the first or last paragraph, so
that they connect,
but are not the
same.
D)-correct spelling mistakes
F)-indent paragraphs
C)-improve the quality of the writing
B)-help readers to follow the essay easily
E)- , ? ! . " "
Have a friend look at it.
Do NOT use a translator
Always save time to revise + edit.
Read it backwards.
Read the topic sentences of each
paragraph to see if they relate.
Practice Practice Practice
Read it out loud.
Check for plagiarism.
Tips and Tricks
Includes
Unity
Coherence
Support Information
Topic Sentences
Which of the following is not a writing tip?
Use a translator
Read it out loud
Save time to revise and edit
Which of the following is not one of the five kinds of support information mentioned?
Personal examples
Opinion
Logic
Which of the following is not one of the three kinds of prewriting strategies?
Listing
Drafting
Freewriting
Where can a thesis statement be found?
At the end of the introductory paragraph
At the beginning of the introductory paragraph
At the end of the essay
Which of the following is not an example of Coherence?
Logical progression
Parallel Structure
Appropriate punctuation
When all aspects of your essay relate to the thesis statement what is it called?
Unity
Parallel structure
Transitioning
What does ARMS mean?
Add, Remove, Move, Substitute
Add, Review, Move, Substitute
Add, Remove, Move, Sequence
What does CUPS mean?
Capitalization, Usage, Perseverance, Spelling
Capitalization, Unity, Punctuation, Spelling
Capitalization, Usage, Punctuation, Sentence Structure
Which is more focused on the unity of the paper, editing or revising?
Revising
Editing
Both
When is a writer finished?
After several revisions
After writing the first draft
After revising and editing
Agree
Disagree
Not Sure
Agree
Disagree
Not Sure
Agree
Disagree
Not Sure
Agree
Disagree
Not Sure
Agree
Disagree
Not Sure
Writing is is an ability, not a skill.
I am confident in prewriting
drafting, revising & editing.
I will need to write an expository English essay in the next year.
I will use at least one strategy from this presentation
in my writing.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship.
Source: www.ets.org/Media/Tests/TOEFL
Sample Question:
Full transcript