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Tay Kheng Soon- Mad man or genius
Transcript of Tay Kheng Soon- Mad man or genius
Leadership personality developed from young: British education system- open, liberal culture.
Character was clearly reflected in the work he did.
Courageous- vocal critic. E.g. His critiques for alternative ideas on public housing and mass transportation.
Conviction- he fought for what he thought was right.
Fought for more variety in public housing by getting private architects to design what was originally intended to be designed solely by the government.
Rubernisation. "Madman or Genius" Contents THANK YOU :D Any Questions? Why Leadership Matters Tropical City Authentic Leadership Leadership Style Birth of
Mr Tay Kheng
Soon 1940 1967 Graduated with
from SP Set up Design
Kho Seow Chuan
and William Lim 1964 Leading and
SPUR group 1971 DP was dissolved
and set up again
without Tay –
“imposed self exile” Founded
Chung Meng Ker 1976 1990 Serangoon Gardens
Country Club –
Singapore Institute of
Design Award Launched
Kampong Bugis Developmen Guide Plan
"Tropicla City" 1986 President of
of Architects 1993 Retirement 1997 Learn to be more accepting of the ideas of others and incorporate it into his original idea.
Understand that it takes time for change to happen, especially since his designs are extremely radical- our entire culture would be uprooted for his to take its place. Be more tactful when talking about the government's policies. Critiquing, not criticising. HOWEVER Business Leader determines the successs of individual careers, and fate of organization
creates shared visions and sets organized goals consistent with organization vision
manages and leads followers to achieve organization goals extends leadership beyond work frontier into all of society
envisions better future for the society, adopting feasible plans for that goal
inspires and motivates followers towards a common goal of improving the society. How Mr Tay shows us Leadership Importance > Akitek Tenggara's goals closely models after what Mr Tay feels is beneficial for society. belief in fresh ideas, potential of people who have no background
SPURS did well and convinced the government to release public housing to private architects to design) Considered the criticisms radical because they contradicted and questioned the validity of the government’s stand and policies
Government’s monopoly over the entire field of architecture
HDB is entrusted with extensive powers in land acquisition, resettlement, town planning, architectural design, engineering work and building material production Key Issues and Challenges: Opposition from Government Criticism frowned upon in Singapore
Lack of mechanisms for expressing alternative and critical views
Only with good quality criticism can improvements come about
“For excellence to grow there has to be a critical climate of opinion with appropriate mechanisms for criticism.”
Letters to Straits Times would not get published Key Issues and Challenges: Opposition from Society Stuck with dominant paradigm
Singapore imported Western styles
To deconstruct the societal assumption that the West is best, need for more mechanisms for expressing alternative and critical views
“We have yet to decolonize our minds” Key Issues and Challenges: Opposition from Older Generation Architechs >Mr Tay shared the example of Leader Tan Cheng Bok Charismatic and influential leadership qualities
idea flouted of a new kind of community centre for everyone young and old was successful
Medical Director of Ama keng Medical Clinic (Jurong) since 1971 till now, and the Chairman of other boards >Mr Tay is an example of why being a successful influential leader matter younger generation of architecture students, who admire him, engage with his theories and ideas in development future pillars of the society, they affect business and society in a small/big way strategic thinking used to lead followers, understand "troop"'s problems. (motivation, morale, architectural knowledge) What is Rubanisation A re-conceptualisation of human settlements in which the city and the countryside are considered as one space
A Dense, 1 kilometre walking town Rationale? the countryside has been largely neglected as cities become 'the exclusive locus of development
Bringing greater balance to working, living learning, playing, farming
The head, heart and the hands have been disconnected. The Tropical City Concept is an attempt to reconceptualise the relationship between architecture and city planning at the metropolitan scale in a sustainable ecological manner.
Umbrella architecture where he envisioned a continuous canopy that shelter bus stops, buildings and roads
Reducing the need to travel is a basic strategy in the planning of the Tropical City. Power &
Influencing tactics Background
Why Leadership matters
His Leadership Style
Overcoming the challenges
Analysis and Conclusion Challenges Architecture covers 2 broad areas
Social Dimension – economy, sociology, politics, culture and history
Physical Dimension – ecology, geography and climate Key ideas/Concepts Conflicting views with the Government
Difficulty in advocating the radical change
Unable to reach out and change the mindset of the public
Oppositon from the older generation of architects Future Problems/Challenges Owning one’s own personal and acting in accordance with one’s true self
Authenticity is the degree to which one is true to one’s own personality, spirit, or character despite the pressures
To put it simply, authenticity is practicing what you believe in Authentic Leadership Authentic leadership is about the genuine desire to serve others (Bill Geroge)
Authentic Leadership is about the substance of leadership
Authentic Leadership stands independently of leadership style Characteristics of Authentic Leadership Understand the Purpose
Acting from the heart (mission) Characteristics of Authentic Leadership Purpose Values Relationship Self - Discipline Acting from the heart Self Awareness
Internalized moral perspective
Relational Transparency Basic Model of Authentic Leadership Mr Tay used mainly expert power,
as he would use the fact that he's an
expert in the field of architecture to
press his point.
Influencing tactics used:
Rational Persuasion 1975 Social Leader "in nature, conversation, community and building better relations among other people" >Mr Tay engaged his range of professional committees in SPUR (Singapore Planning and Urban Research) How Mr Tay Shows us Leadership Importance 1. Transformational Leader believes Architectural practice should be soft-boundaried and goes for change
sees bad situation(architects turning into developers) for Singapore to lead the world in architectural practice(core in spatial geometry) 2. Servant Leader links spirituality with business conduct and looks at end returns of the society, not of his own
Leads from moral influence, not from power 3. Strategic Leader Authentic Leadership 4.Autocratic/Democratic Leader company built on all his ideals (including mission,vision objectives)
encourages employees to think out of the box and innovate Tropical City Concept