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Eilish Neary

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Courage

Overview of Presentation
Learning Outcomes
Introduction to courage
What is courage?
Types of Courage
Courage and Fear
Benefits of courage
Can Courage be learned?
Ways to be more courageous
Introduction to courage
What do you think courage is?

Presented by:
Eilish Neary and Ciara Corcoran

"I learned that courage was not the
absence of fear, but the triumph over it.
The brave man is not he who does not
feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear"
- Nelson Mandela
Types of Courage

Involves taking physical risks for a worthy goal, commonly including saving the life of another.

Moral Courage:

Involves standing up for the moral good against social opposition, discomfort or rejection.

Psychological Courage:

Refers to the perseverance through a disease or disability even when the outcome is ambiguous. Also know as vital courage.

We learn that much of our fear is simply:





Irrational fear comes from our perception of risk, which can be different for each person.

Walston (2006)
Opportunities in life.
Stress Reduction.
Health (Mental and Physical)
Benefits of Courage
Learning Outcomes
What is Courage?
Types of Courage
Fear and Courage
Benefits of courage
How to become courageous
Six ways people found courage
Courage Quotient Questionnaire
Please take the time to fill out the questionnaire.

You do not have to share your answers or results with anyone.
Identify the type of courage in these images: Physical, moral or psychological?
How to be more courageous
Brown (2013)
Let go of what people think
Let go of the need for certainty
Let go of anxiety as a lifestyle
Let go of self doubt
Let go of perfectionism
Acknowledge you fears
Be vulnerable
Caffrey (2013) courage can be learned through 3 steps:

1. Realize fear is a natural response.
2. Become acquainted with what we fear. 3. Become acquainted with how we feel fear.

Biswas-Diener (2012) - Can learn personal courage but generally not physical.

(Rate, Clarke, Lindsey & Sternberg, 2007)
Courage and Fear
Rachman (1989)

• One of first researchers to examine the link between courage and fear.

• Proposed true courage is being willing and able to approach a fearful situation despite the presence of fear.

• Argues courage needs the presence of fear and courageous acts such be referred to as fearless rather than courageous.

Courage is the intentional pursuit of a worthy goal despite the perception of personal threat and uncertain outcome
(Pury & Woodard, 2009)
In their Values In Action classification system, Peterson and Seligman (2004) conceptualized courage as a core virtue containing:

Features of Courage
Pursuit of a worthy goal
Emotional Elements
Uncertain Outcome
(Lopez, 2008)
Recent Research
Subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) - Area in brain responsible for courageous acts.
Dampens fear related bodily arousal.
Could provide to be useful in future when treating anxiety disorders.
(Nili, Golberg, Weizman & Dudai 2010)
Try to be courageous
Thank you
Any Questions?
Moral courage
: May relate to fear of others' opinions. Fear of job loss, fear of losing friends, fear of poverty
Physical Courage:
May relates to bodily injury or death. In warfare, for example, some individuals may display physical courage because they fear cowardice.
Finfgeld (1999) - Study on cancer, HIV and sexual assault patients.

Being courageous led to personal integrity and thriving.
If we can understand the elements of courage we can consciously cultivate them.
1. What is courage?

2. Name the three types of courage? Provide an example for each.

3. List three benefits of courage.

4. Describe three ways to become more courageous
Have you achieved the learning outcomes?

What is Courage?
Types of Courage
Fear and Courage
Benefits of courage
How to become courageous
Brown, B. (2013). Daring Greatly. UK: Penguin.

Brown, G. (2008). Courage. New York, NY: Weinstein Books.

Caffrey, B. (2013). Courage is a learned skill. Caffrey counselling for men.
Retrieved from http://www.caffreycounseling.com/courage-is-a-learned-skill/.

Finfgeld, D. (1999). Courage as a process of pushing beyond the struggle.
Qualitative Health Research, 9, 803-814.

Gregoire, C. (2013). The Science Of Conquering Your Fears And Living A More
Courageous Life. Retrieved from:http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/09/15/conquering fear_n_3909020.html.

Lopez, S. (2008). Positive Psychology: Exploring the best in people (Vols. 1 - 4).
Connecticut, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Nili, U., Goldberg, H., Weizman, A., & Dudai, Y. (2010). Fear thou not: activity of
frontal and temporal circuits in moments of real-life courage. Neuron, 66, 949-966.

Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. (2004). Character Strengths and Virtues: A
Handbook and Classification. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Pury, C. L. S., & Woodard, C. (2009). Courage. In S. J. Lopez, ed. The
Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 1, 247-254. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Rachman, S. (1989). Fear and Courage (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Freeman.

Rate, C., Clarke, J., Lindsay, D., & Sternberg, R. (2007). Implicit Theories of
Courage: Toward Understanding its Nature and Use. Journal of Positive Psychology, 2, 80-98.

Walston, S.F. (2006). Exercise courage and benefit twelve ways. Retrieved from

Can courage be learned?
Full transcript