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Caity fischer

on 14 March 2013

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The Crucible! Caity Fischer What is an allusion? An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to, or a representation of, people, places, events, literary work, myths, or works of art, either directly or by implication. thesis Arthur Miller uses biblical allusions and the importance of religion in “The Crucible” to develop theme. Think about something that you have been expected to do your whole life. What would happen if you choose not to do this any longer? Are the consequences worth giving that thing up? Something that I thought of was going to school. Although we may not want to most of the time, we know it is something we must do in order to succeed in the future.

This is a similar concept to the aspects of religion in Salem Life in Salem in the
1600’s Church was the foundation of 17th century life in New England.

Most people in Massachusetts were Puritans—colonists who had left England seeking religious tolerance. But the strict Puritan code was far from tolerant.

It was against the law not to attend church—where men and women sat on opposite sides through long services.

The Puritan lifestyle was restrained and rigid: People were expected to work hard and repress their emotions or opinions. Individual differences were frowned upon. Even the dark, somber Puritan dress was dictated by the church. Reverend Parris Abigal Williams Rev. Hale: Do you know your commandments, Mr. Proctor?
John Proctor: Aye.
Rev. Hale: Would you recite them please?
John Proctor: The commandments?
Rev. Hale: Aye.
John Proctor: Thou shalt not kill.
Rev. Hale: Aye.
John Proctor: Thou shalt not steal, thou shalt not covet thy neighbors goods, nor covet thy neighbors wives, thou shalt have no other Gods before me, thou shalt not use the Lord's name in vain, thou shalt keep holy the sabbath day, thou shalt honor thy mother and father, thou shalt not bare to false witness... thou shalt not covet thy neighbors wives.
Rev. Hale: You said that one twice, Sir.
John Proctor: Aye.
Elizabeth: Adultry, John.
John Proctor: Aye. You see, Sir, between the two of us, we do know them all.
John Proctor: Show honor now, show them a stony heart and sink them with it!
(Miller.ActII.page199) Examples of biblical Allsuions So basically... The Bible and the minister's interpretation of the Bible determined what was considered socially acceptable behavior. In Salem, everything and everyone belongs to either God or the devil; opposition is not only unlawful, it is associated with satanic activity. This dichotomy functions as the underlying logic behind the witch trials PARRIS: Abigail, I have fought here three long years to bend these stiff-necked people to me, and now, just now when some good respect is rising for me in the parish, you compromise my very character. I have given you a home, child. I have put clothes upon your back – now give me an upright answer. Your name in the town – it is entirely white, is it not?

ABIGAIL: Why, I am sure it is, sir. There be no blush about my name.

PARRIS: Abigail, is there any other cause than you have told me, for your being discharged from Goody Proctor’s service? I have heard it said, and I tell you as I heard it, that she come so rarely to the church this year for she will not sit so close to something soiled. What signified that remark?

ABIGAIL: She hates me, uncle, she must, for I would not be her slave. It’s a bigger woman, a lying, cold, sniveling woman, and I will not work for such a woman! (Miller.ActI.page170) Parris is the first religious figure we see in “The Crucible”

Although reverends are thought to act Devout, sincere, truthful, considerate, and jolly, he acts far from that.

After discovering Abby was dancing in the forest, and along with the illness of Betty, Parris worries about his reputation rather than what he can do to calm and support the towns people. I want to open myself! . . . I want the light of God, I want the sweet love of Jesus! I danced for the Devil; I saw him, I wrote in his book; I go back to Jesus; I kiss His hand. I saw Sarah Good with the Devil! I saw Goody Osborn with the Devil! I saw Bridget Bishop with the Devil!(Miller.ActI.page189) In order to free herself from the burden of being accused from witch craft Abigail blames Sarah Good, Goody Osborn and Bridget Bishop. She also resorts to the proclamation of her love and dedication for Jesus. John Proctor Along with not knowing one of the ten commandments John also does not attend mass.
Proctor accounts for his lack of attendance at church in Act 1 by proclaiming that he will not listen to the “hellfire and bloody damnation”, preached by Parris.

In Act 2 he states, “I like it not that Mr Parris should lay his hand upon my baby, I see no light of God in that man. I’ll not conceal it”(Miller.ActII.page199). An act the towns people and the court view as a revolt against the supremacy of God.

These quotes also highlights Proctors’ otherwise principled approval to his life, he is not prepared to do something just because it is expected by the rest of the community. In act 2,Elizabeth states, "Abigail brings the other girls into the court,& where she walks the crowds will part like the sea for Israel."(Miller.ActII.Page193)

This is referring to Moses, who parted the seas of Israel for the Israelites to escape from the Pharaoh's armies.
explanation- God is with us when we face danger. God parted the Red Sea to provide an escape for Israel from the Egyptian army. The parochial snobbery of these people was partly responsible for their failure to convert the Indians. Probably they also preferred to take land from heathens rather than from fellow Christians. At any rate, very few Indians were converted, and the Salem folk believed that the virgin forest was the Devil’s last preserve, his home base and the citadel of his final stand. To the best of their knowledge the American forest was the last place on earth that was not paying homage to God. (Miller.ActI.Page167)

As part of the initial setting, the narrator explains why the forest was symbolically important to the people of Salem. This helps explain why the townsfolk responded in such horror to learn that the girls, with Tituba, had been dancing in the forest. Religious Quotes
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