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Weimar Republic

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Abhay Ravindran

on 1 December 2015

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Transcript of Weimar Republic

Germany's situation
Aftermath of the War
What is it?
In the German elections of 1919, after the Spartacist Uprisings, the Social Democrats were the largest party and their leader Freidrich Ebert became the first president of the new Weimar Republic.
Deutsches Reich
Crises of 1923
The occupation of the Ruhr
How did the Weimar Republic survive the crises of 1923?
Stresemann becomes Chancellor
How far did the Weimar Republic recover from 1924-29?
How far did the Weimar Republic recover from 1924-29?
Weimar Republic
Spartacist Uprising
The Spartacists were left wing revolutionaries, who wanted an actual revolution like the French or Russian revolution after the World War. They staged an attempted revolution known as the Spartacist Uprising. It was a total failure crushed by Ebert's Freikorps.
Freidrich Ebert
Freikorps fighting the Spartacists
German territory during the Weimar period
1. Physical effects: Farming was disrupted
as farmers were drafted into the army.
Food produced by Germany dropped by 60%.They couldn't import any food as their ports were blockaded by Britain.

2. Psychological effects: The pride and
ambition Germans had before the war now turned to conflict and anger.

3. Opposition to the Social Democrats sparked riots such as the Spartacist Uprising.
Butter production
dropped by 60%
Milk production
dropped by 50%
Kaiser Wilhelm was
dethroned and exiled
Treaty of Versailles
1. War guilt: Germany was blamed for the war. The Germans resented this

2. Germany had to pay £6600 million for damage caused by the war, even though the industry and agriculture had been reduced significantly.

3. Military restrictions:
a) No airforce
b) Navy--->15000 sailors, six battleships, no submarines
c) Army--->100000 soldiers
d) Rhineland would be occupied by the Allies for 15 years
The Germans did not keep up with the reparations, so French and Belgian troops occupied the Ruhr, Germany's most important industrial region. This made Germany even poorer.
Germany did not enough money to pay for the
reparations so they printed more. This reduced the value of the money and increased the prices of
A german poster from 1923. The text reads," Hands off the Ruhr.
The Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch
In September 1923 the Chancellor, Stresemann, gave in to France. Right wing extremists plotted a putsch (revolt) against the Reich government. On 8-9 November Adolf Hitler's National Socialist (Nazi) Party launched an attempted revolution in Munich. Although it was crushed it displayed the violence that lay beneath the surface.
In August 1923, Stresemann became Chancellor.
Germans were using passive resistance to fight the French and Belgian troops in the Ruhr. As this was making Germany poorer, he called the policy off.
Currency Replacement
In October 1923, the government scrapped the old, worthless money and replaced it with the temporary Rentenmark, and stricly limited its circulation. This brought back stability to the German currency, and the next year a new currency was brought in (Reichsmark).
Gaining the support of the army
To regain the support of the army who were right wing, the government deposed left wing state governments. This made it easier to fight against the right wing nationalists in Bavaria.
The Dawes Plan
The allies sought to help the now ruined Weimar Republic (1924 after the crises). The Dawes Plan helped Germany by:
1. letting Germany have full control of the Ruhr.
2. reducing the amount of annual installments to make it more 'German friendly'.
3. supervising the development of the Reichsbank (national bank.
4. loaning Germany a large sum of money to rebuild their economy.
Dawes Plan
Locarno Treaties
The Locarno treaties were multiple policies that guaranteed Germany's frontiers with France and Belgium. The articles state that if any country of the three countries is invaded or if any of the articles mentioned in the Treaty is violated the countries will 'team up' to war against the invading or violating country.
Germany's entrance into the League of Nations
Chancellor Gustav Stresemann took Germany into the League of Nations. Its status as a great power was recognised and it was given a permanent seat alongside Britain and France.
The economy
Germany was lent 800 million marks by the USA to invest in industry and commerce. The economy began to recover. In 1928 industrial production finally surpasses pre-First World War levels. germany was one of the world's leading exporters of manufactured goods.
Gustav Stresemann (Germany); Austen Chamberlain (Great Britain); Aristide Briand (France)
Locarno pact cartoons
German empire
The third Reich
Full transcript