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Spain: population and economy (topic 5)
Transcript of Spain: population and economy (topic 5)
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
A) POPULATION DENSITY
is the number of people who live in a particular area.
tells us if a place has a high population or a low population in relation to its extension. It is calculated by the number of inhabitants per square kilometre.
When an area has many inhabitants per square kilometre, population density is high. When an area has few inhabitants per square kilometre, population density is low.
Population can be classified into:
people who live in cities and towns.
people who live in villages.
B) FACTORS AFFECTING POPULATION
The distribution of population varies in different places. It depends on job opportunities, available services (schools, housing, etc.), climate, and many other factors.
The population of an area can change depending on:
number of babies born in a place in one year.
number of people who die in a place in one year.
people who move from one country to another.
leave Spain to live in another country.
are people who come to live in Spain.
2. THE POPULATION OF SPAIN
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION OF SPAIN
Spain has a
low birth rate
low death rate
. Due to the economic crisis, there is
to Spain and
density is low
: 91 inhabitants/km2.
Most of the population is concentrated in
and on the
, and in
such as Madrid, Barcelona, Sevilla, Bilbao, Valencia and Zaragoza.
The population of Spain doubled during the 19th century, and continued to increase in the 20th century. Today it is approximately 47 million.
4. THE PRIMARY SECTOR
3. POPULATION AND JOBS
Population may be active or inactive.
includes all adults (between 16 and 67) who can work. These people are
when they are working or
when they are looking for a job.
includes all people younger than 16 or older than 67, people that suffer from a disability or choose not to work.
The active population works in the
tertiary (service) sector.
5. THE SECONDARY SECTOR
6. THE TERTIARY SECTOR
Agriculture is the most important activity in the primary sector. Crops can be divided into:
. Most crops in Spain are dry crops.
The primary sector
includes jobs which obtain resources from nature:
. Today, only 5% of the employed population works in this sector.
Transport can be divided into:
. Spain has an extensive system of railways and motorways.
. The main ports in Spain are Algeciras, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia.
. The most important airports in Spain are in Madrid and Barcelona.
The secondary sector
includes jobs which transform materials into goods. These jobs are in
. Due to the economic crisis, there is less employment in the secondary sector.
buying and selling of products
is the buying and selling of goods in a country.
is the buying and selling of goods to other countries.
are products one country sells to other countries. For example, Spain exports shoes and cars.
are products one country buys from other countries. For example, Spain imports petroleum and computers.
The tertiary sector
includes all jobs which provide
: education, health care, finance, administration, trade, tourism, communications and transport.
Spain is one of the leading fishing countries in the world, but these days there is less employment in this sector.
Today, 12 out of every 100 people work in tourism. Spain is the fourth most visited country in the world. The most popular tourism is sun and sand tourism, but cultural tourism is on the increase.
Jobs in industry have decreased in Spain in recent years. Today, 14 out of every 100 people work in industry.
The main industries in Spain include
Jobs in construction have decreased a lot in Spain in recent years. Today, only 8 out of every 100 people work in construction.
Today, there are few mines operating in Spain. Most people employed in this sector work in
. The main rocks extracted from Spanish quarries are
Livestock farming is the second most important activity in the primary sector.
is the most common type of livestock farming.
Cattle farming, sheep farming and poultry farming
are also common in Spain.
number of people who live in a particular area
it can be
DENSITY OF POPULATION
FACTORS THAT AFFECT POPULATION
number of inhabitants per square kilometre.
Low birth rate
Low death rate
Population concentrated in
Population can be
population works in
includes jobs which obtain resources from nature
includes jobs which transform materials into goods
includes all jobs which provide services
SECTORS OF THE ECONOMY