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Spain: population and economy (topic 5)

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Ignacio Batres O'Brien

on 13 March 2015

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Transcript of Spain: population and economy (topic 5)

Spain: population
and economy

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
1. POPULATION
A) POPULATION DENSITY
Population
is the number of people who live in a particular area.
Population density
tells us if a place has a high population or a low population in relation to its extension. It is calculated by the number of inhabitants per square kilometre.
When an area has many inhabitants per square kilometre, population density is high. When an area has few inhabitants per square kilometre, population density is low.

Population can be classified into:
-
Urban population:
people who live in cities and towns.
-
Rural population:
people who live in villages.
B) FACTORS AFFECTING POPULATION
The distribution of population varies in different places. It depends on job opportunities, available services (schools, housing, etc.), climate, and many other factors.

The population of an area can change depending on:
-
Birth rate:
number of babies born in a place in one year.
-
Death rate:
number of people who die in a place in one year.
-
Migration:
people who move from one country to another.
Emigrants
leave Spain to live in another country.
Immigrants
are people who come to live in Spain.
2. THE POPULATION OF SPAIN
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE POPULATION OF SPAIN
Spain has a
low birth rate
and a
low death rate
. Due to the economic crisis, there is
less immigration
to Spain and
more emigration
from Spain.
The population
density is low
: 91 inhabitants/km2.
Most of the population is concentrated in
coastal

areas
and on the
islands
, and in
large

cities
such as Madrid, Barcelona, Sevilla, Bilbao, Valencia and Zaragoza.
The population of Spain doubled during the 19th century, and continued to increase in the 20th century. Today it is approximately 47 million.
4. THE PRIMARY SECTOR
3. POPULATION AND JOBS
Population may be active or inactive.

Active population
includes all adults (between 16 and 67) who can work. These people are
employed
when they are working or
unemployed
when they are looking for a job.

Inactive population
includes all people younger than 16 or older than 67, people that suffer from a disability or choose not to work.

The active population works in the
primary sector
,
secondary sector
and
tertiary (service) sector.
5. THE SECONDARY SECTOR
6. THE TERTIARY SECTOR
AGRICULTURE
Agriculture is the most important activity in the primary sector. Crops can be divided into:
Dry crops:
mostly
cereals
,
grapes
and
olives
. Most crops in Spain are dry crops.
Irrigated crops:
mostly
fruit
,
rice
and
vegetables
.

The primary sector
includes jobs which obtain resources from nature:
agriculture
,
livestock

farming
,
fishing
and
mining
. Today, only 5% of the employed population works in this sector.
TRANSPORT
Transport can be divided into:
Land transport
. Spain has an extensive system of railways and motorways.
Sea transport
. The main ports in Spain are Algeciras, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia.
Air transport
. The most important airports in Spain are in Madrid and Barcelona.

The secondary sector
includes jobs which transform materials into goods. These jobs are in
industry
and
construction
. Due to the economic crisis, there is less employment in the secondary sector.
TRADE
Trade
is the
buying and selling of products
.
Domestic trade
is the buying and selling of goods in a country.
Foreign trade
is the buying and selling of goods to other countries.
Exports
are products one country sells to other countries. For example, Spain exports shoes and cars.
Imports
are products one country buys from other countries. For example, Spain imports petroleum and computers.

The tertiary sector
includes all jobs which provide
services
: education, health care, finance, administration, trade, tourism, communications and transport.
LIVESTOCK FARMING
FISHING
MINING
Spain is one of the leading fishing countries in the world, but these days there is less employment in this sector.
TOURISM
Today, 12 out of every 100 people work in tourism. Spain is the fourth most visited country in the world. The most popular tourism is sun and sand tourism, but cultural tourism is on the increase.
INDUSTRY
CONSTRUCTION
Jobs in industry have decreased in Spain in recent years. Today, 14 out of every 100 people work in industry.
The main industries in Spain include
food
,
metallurgy
,
equipment

and machinery
and the
chemical industry
.
Jobs in construction have decreased a lot in Spain in recent years. Today, only 8 out of every 100 people work in construction.
Today, there are few mines operating in Spain. Most people employed in this sector work in
quarries
. The main rocks extracted from Spanish quarries are
marble
,
granite
and
slate
.
Livestock farming is the second most important activity in the primary sector.
Pig farming
is the most common type of livestock farming.
Cattle farming, sheep farming and poultry farming
are also common in Spain.

REMEMBER
POPULATION
number of people who live in a particular area
it can be
URBAN
RURAL
DENSITY OF POPULATION
FACTORS THAT AFFECT POPULATION
Birth rate
Death rate
Migrations
number of inhabitants per square kilometre.
CHARACTERISTICS
Low birth rate
Low death rate
Less immigration
More emigration
Low density
Population concentrated in
Coastal areas
Islands
Large cities
SPANISH ECONOMY
Population can be
Active
Inactive
Employed
Unemployed
Active
population works in
PRIMARY SECTOR
SECONDARY SECTOR
TERTIARY SECTOR
PRIMARY SECTOR

includes jobs which obtain resources from nature
Agriculture
Fishing
Mining
Livestock farming
Dry crops
Irrigated crops
pig
farming
cattle
farming
sheep
farming
poultry
farming
SECONDARY SECTOR
includes jobs which transform materials into goods
Industry
Construction
TERTIARY SECTOR

includes all jobs which provide services
Trade
Tourism
Domestic
trade
Foreign
trade
Transport
Land
transport
Sea
transport
Air
transport
Imports
Exports
SECTORS OF THE ECONOMY
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