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SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY - PART 2
Transcript of SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY - PART 2
A VISIT WITH THE AMBERANA
"Birds of a Feather Flock Together" - We tend to be attracted to people we are familiar with (close proximity)....similar background, age, interests, attitudes, beliefs...physical attractiveness...how they respond to us.
Prejudice - A negative emotional attitude held against members of a particular group of people.
STERNBERG'S TRIANGLE OF LOVE - 3 basic components of love (intimacy, passion, commitment).
PSYCHOLOGY - PART 2
The roots of a person' romantic relationships may lie in childhood attachments:
Secure Attachment- a stable emotional bond
Ambivalent Attachment - conflicting feelings of affection, anger, emotional turmoil.
Avoidant Attachment - emotional bond marked by a tendency to resist commitment.
CAN THIS BE CHANGED? YES, SCULPT YOUR PERSONALITY.
Potential causes of anti-social ..aggressive behavior include:
1. We may have inherited a killer instinct from our ancestors.
2. Aggression may have biological roots.
3. Frustration may proceed aggression.
4. Aversive Stimuli may produce aggression (heat, over crowding).
To Combat Prejudice:
Educate the general public about
the lack of justification for prejudice
Personal Contact - Mixed groups.
COMBATING PREJUDICE =>MULTICULTURALISM
Halo Effect: We assume that attractive people are also likable, intelligent, warm, witty,
mentally healthy, and socially skilled.
Social Exchange Theory: "QUID PRO QUO" (Something for Something); Rewards must exceed costs for the relationship to endure. Prosocial factors: empathy, agreeableness, good mood
EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY - how human behavior patterns have evolved. The key to understanding human mating patterns is to understand how evolved behavior patterns guide our choices.
To prevent antisocial-aggression:
1. Reduce exposure to violent media.
2. Teach and use personal strategies for reducing or curbing anger.
3. Provide positive models that use good anger control techniques.
Stereotyping - judging a group of people who are different from you based on your own and/or others opinions and/or encounters.
Discrimination - Treating members of various social groups differently in circumstances where their rights or treatment should be identical.
Ethnocentrism - Placing one's group above other groups.
=> MULTICULTURALISM - GIVING EQUAL STATUS, RECOGNITION, and ACCEPTANCE to DIFFERENT ETHNIC
and CULTURAL GROUPS.
Teaching Tolerance Magazine - A good resource . http://www.tolerance.org
RECIPROCITY-occurs when people respond to each other in similar ways, may be the most important factor influencing the development of relationships.
In a study of 37 cultures on 6 continents:
Men are more interested in casual sex;
they prefer younger, more physically attractive partners and they get jealous
over real or imagined sexual infidelities.
Women prefer slightly older partners
who appear to be industrious,
higher in status, or economically
successful; emotional commitment is important.
?Functional Men; Attractive Women?
Differing reproductive challenges => different mating patterns.
Lower socioeconomic status => more helpful. Media can encourage prosocial behavior. Culture of Honor.
IN PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR
Aggression may have biological and survival roots. Biological factors in antisocial behavior…aggression. Genes are important in explaining the biological basis of aggression. Neurobiological Factors: Aggressive behavior results when the limbic system is stimulated by electric currents. The frontal lobes of the brain have been implicated in aggression.