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The Fashion changes as a result of World War 1

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emily bird

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of The Fashion changes as a result of World War 1

The fashion changes
as a result of
World War 1 Emily Bird However, Introduction So... Women rights/ employment status Loss of Material Anthropologists estimate that the wearing of clothing started somewhere between 100,000 and 500,000 years ago. As the years have passed fashion has industrialized, this is because of the development of the human brain, new discoveries like cotton and the impacts clothing has; like weather.In this presentation I will be explaining how and why fashion changed in 1914-1920 because of War.In 1914 (when World War 1 began) the fashion statement was sat at an influenced Edwardian style. i.e., lacy shirtwaists and extended, narrow skirts ending at the instep, but with a strong dash of Poiret thrown in. Hobble skirts and tunic effects were common, and the extremely dropped shoulder began to appear. When war began in August 1914, the idea of women working was met with confrontation due to the extensive belief that “women’s place is in the home.” Many of the people who disagreed with female participation the workforce came from trade unions. Because of this, the employment of women had not increased a lot before 1915.
In July 1915, a ‘Right to Work’, March was planned by an important suffragette (Suffragettes were a group of women promoting women rights), Christabel Pankhurst. This event and the Shell shortage crisis (also in 1915) began to change the situation. Women were taken on to work in weaponry factories. The government did a deal with the trade unions, known as the Treasury Agreements. The unions agreed to accept female labor in place of men for the duration of the war.
The introduction of the recruitment in 1916 led to an increase in the number of women laboring in all areas of the economy. Many women were paid good wages, especially in weapon factories, but in most cases they were paid lower rates than men. Improved wages did permit greater for some women. In 1915, Spring, fashion changed dramatically, with the beginning of the ‘war crinoline’. The skirt changed to a very full bell-shape and hemlines crept up to a good 8 inches from the ground. Shoulders sloped and collars widened, the look was very feminine and showed an obvious relation to the fashions of the Victorian Romantic period (late 1840’s). And this style hung on for almost 3 years. By January 1918 skirts had narrowed again, hemlines began to fall and by 1919 the precursors of the simple, clean, long lines of the 1920’s could be seen although waistlines didn’t drop for another 2 years.
So you can see that fashion changed, but to make a clearer understanding, I’m now going to explain why.
War, War had a big impact on fashion. War changed the employment status of women, had an effect of women rights and used up resources that effected what women would wear. Before the war, the most common employment for a lady was a domestic servant. Although, single women were also employed in what were seen to be acceptable/appropriate occupations such as teaching, nursing, office work etc. The women rights / employment status and loss of materials, I believe are the two main reasons why fashion changed as a result of war. World War One played a huge part in the development of women’s rights, particularly the political rights. It is often looked upon that World War One stymied the drive of women to gain political rights. June 19th, 1917 was the date that the House of common’s voted by 385 to 55 to accept the Representation of the People Bills women suffrage clause.
Before the war, the most common employment for a lady was as a domestic servant. Although, single women were also employed in what were seen to be appropriate occupations such as teaching, nursing, office work etc. Material was being consumed by the war; for soldier uniform's, Armour, hats etc. So much material was used that the available material left for women's fashion was hugely effected. As we factually stated earlier, dress length was shortened, and layers were reduced. In conclusion Because of the war, because men weren't doing there usual work at home, women were introduced into the work force to replace them. And because of this, women started wearing manlier clothes. Because of the people at war, and the clothing they were required to fight in. There was a loss of clothing back home. So there was a shortage of fabrics which therefore effected the many layered and long dresses of 1910. So dresses became shorter, and a more male style of clothing was worn. , C 2008, 'ww1 women', WW1, blog, Febuary 27th, accessed 29 October 2012, <http://www.slideshare.net/cinbarnsley/wwi-women-283673>.

Monet, D 2012, Women and Fashions of the Early 20th Century - World War I Era - Clothing of 1914 - 1920, blog, June 13th, accessed 29 October 2012, <http://doloresmonet.hubpages.com/hub/Women-and-Fashions-of-the-World-War-I-Era-Clothing-of-1914-1920>.

Trueman, C n.d., World War One and Women, , accessed 29 October 2012, <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world_war_one_and_women.htm>.

, X 2008, The History of Fashion: 1910-1920, blog, april 12, accessed 29 October 2012, <http://buff-history.buzzsugar.com/History-Fashion-1910---1920-1546798>.

The domestic effects on women n.d., , accessed 29 October 2012, <http://www.skwirk.com.au/p-c_s-14_u-42_t-48_c-144/the-domestic-effects-on-women/nsw/the-domestic-effects-on-women/australia-and-world-war-i/women-and-the-war>.

Shay's Comment and Pictures of the Fashion Era 1915-1919 n.d., , accessed 29 October 2012, <http://www.fashion-era.com/visitor_pages/1917_shay_visitor.htm>. Bibliography To demonstrate the change, notice the long, feminine, waist hugging dresses in the picture above, from the year of 1910. And now compare with the shorter, lighter, straight figured dresses less than 10 years later. And this is what the war did to the fashion.
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