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The Engineer's Aesthetic & Architecture
Transcript of The Engineer's Aesthetic & Architecture
+ Corbusier emphasized the important role of tradition in its serving as an example that can be re-articulated into contemporary designs.
+ It wasn't an argument for functionalism, rather it held a view regarding the important value of art and the poetry of form.
+ He found the harmony in design that he sought after in certain engineering works such as: factories, ships, airplanes, and cars.
+ He held them in high regard for their unique articulation of volumes and surfaces, as well as their honest portrayal of function.
+ He calls for an architect that will balance the poetry he possess in his work with the logic of the engineer, because only then will he be able to continue in this profession.
"The architect, by his arrangement of forms, realizes an order which is a pure creation of his spirit; by forms and shapes he affects our senses to an acute degree, and provokes plastic emotions; by the relationships which he creates he wakes in us profound echoes, he gives us the measure of an order which we feel to be in accordance with that of our world, he determines the various movements of our hearts and of our understanding; it is then that we experience the sense of beauty."
The Architect, on the other hand...
+ Is disillusioned, unemployed, arrogant, annoying, and soon enough will be out of job.
+ He no longer corrects the paying client's choices but rather goes by the motto " Eyes which do not see."
+ He is no longer conscious of his own beginnings, and is often troubled by "styles" and the question of structure–fashionably.
+ The architect fails to adapt to the transformations that have affected the world both formalisticlly and functionally through the machine.
Ver une Architecture
+ Le Corbusier along with Amedee Ozenfant founded a magazine titled "L' esprit Nouveau".
+ Articles published within the magazine were later gathered together as a book in 1923 titled "Ver une Architecture" (Towards an Architecture)
+ It became one of the most influential books of the century, where he called for a new architectural language in congruence with the machine era.
i.e The Parthenon
"The Engineer's Aesthetic and Architecture–two things that march together and follow one from the other one at its full height, the other in an unhappy state of retrogression."
+ Corbusier argues that " men live in old
houses and they have not yet thought of
building houses adapted to themselves."
+ Developments of the time allow for houses that are better adjusted to the modes of its occupant's lives, but they are not keeping up or rather not implementing these engineering accomplishments to their houses.
+ He related religions to houses, where he claims that religions are built on fixed dogmas which crumble when civilizations change
+ In that sense, the house, like a religion, if
not practiced will "fall to dust".
The Engineer to Corbusier
+ The Engineer is praised for his ability to "fabricate the tools of his time" that encompass everything except for houses.
+ He is viewed as healthy active, useful , in control, and happy in his work.
+ He will soon isolate the Architect from his own profession, since he no longer possess the skills to keep it.
+ The Engineer has figured a way to produce architecture through mathematical calculation derived from nature, which creates that much sought after sense of harmony.
+ The engineer proceeding with logic, " shows the way and holds the truth."
Ocean Liner & Factory
+ Corbusier calls the architect to be both himself and the engineer in order to successfully find a solution to the problems of houses and Town planning.
+ Through one persona he will deductively calculate an answer, and through the other will implement the poetics that will provoke our "plastic" emotions.
+ Corbusier writes the " Three Reminders" for the architect: Mass, Surface, Plan.
+ As well as the " Regulating Lines" which serve as proof that architecture like engineering uses mathematics to achieve order and harmony.
The Numerical Abstraction of the Modular
+ Painting is the first to have understood the time and worked through it . i.e cubism
+ Modern painting is now full of meaning removed from realism and allows for meditation
+ Le Corbusier calls painters and sculptures whom he refers to as "the champions of the art of today", to help reconstruct houses and towns through their work.
+ He believed that the works of artist is able to frame the ideology of the time and through it the problem of architecture could be addressed.
Pablo Picasso's Three Musicians
Picasso’s The Guitar Player
+ The Engineer's work is on the direct line of good art, since he designs in mathematical calculations that produce harmony in forms.
+ The Architect as explained by Le Corbusier has forgotten his beginnings and is caught up by the styles and the question of structure–fashionably.
+ Le Corbusier calls the architect to be both himself and an engineer in order to find a solution to the problems of houses and town planning.
+ Through his conception of Mass, Surface, and Plan along with the regulating lines the architect is able to regain his glory and progress forward in tune with time.
Pont de Garabit by Eiffel
Dalal Al Zaid & Atheer Al Ruwayh