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Pros and Cons of Music Education
Transcript of Pros and Cons of Music Education
Cost of programs for schools (i.e. cost of hiring music educators)
Cost of equipment for students
Music programs take away from limited funding that could be spent elsewhere
Students able to pursue music individually (Why should public schools be responsible?)
Statistics and Studies
"Within two to three years, every school that cuts arts showed a decrease in morale and attendance and an increase in vandalism and disruptions, and within three years most of them had to add extensive disciplinary staff to account for the problems that were created by not providing the full range of experiences that human beings need." (Hurley 2).
-art, media, and design consultant for the Department of Public Instruction, Martin Rayala
"Budget cuts prompt the need for school districts nationwide to examine how their funds are distributed, allowing many facets of the educational system to formulate plans of action to accommodate the needs of the budget." (Coleman, Lawrence, Walker 3).
-Phillip D. Coleman, Ed.D., Rhonda Walker, Lincoln Lawrence, Western Kentucky University
Academic achievement in other subjects
Keeps students out of trouble
Less money spent on behavior issues
Higher grades/SAT scores, spatial intelligence
Develops interpersonal skills
Offers diversity in classes and appeals to different learning styles
Should public schools be required to offer music education for all students? If so, should there be national standards for music education?
Michele Vizzo, Carlie Schwaeber, and Candace French
What is music education?
Any curriculum designed to expose students to the mechanics and the art of music through classes (i.e. band, choir, music theory) or instrumental/voice lessons
History in the U.S.
1717 - first American school dedicated exclusively to singing founded in Boston, Massachusetts
1832 - The Boston Academy of Music founded
early 1900's - colleges offering four-year degrees started offering music in their programs
The rise of music taught in high schools encouraged students to form marching bands, school orchestras, or other musical groups
U.S. Budget Cuts
Does music affect academic achievement?
2012 SAT scores
Increased achievement in math/English
No differences in SAT scores/academic achievements
Are music education programs worth maintaining in public schools, or should they be cut?