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AP World History: country presentation on Peru

Lauren Leong

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of Peru

Lauren Leong
Shandell Espinosa
Clarissa Lemus
Period 3

(capital of Peru)
Social (continued...)
Traditional Peruvian Dance
National Flag of Peru
guinea pig, llama, and Suspiro a la Limeña (translation: the sigh of a women [from Lima]) a light custard dessert
the people of Peru are known as Peruvians
The racial make-up of Peru are as follows:
45% Amerindian 37% mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 15% white black Japanese
Chinese 3% other
Languages spoken in Peru:
84.1% Spanish (official), 13% Quechua (official) 1.7% Aymara (official), 0.3% Ashaninka, 0.7% other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages), & 0.2% other
* 2007 Census
Religions practiced in Peru:
81.3% Roman Catholic, 12.5% Evangelical, 3.3% other, 2.9% unspecified or none
* 2007 Census
Total Population Gender Ratio:
29,849,303 (July 2013 est.)
0.97 male : 1 female
Social Structure of Peru:
3% upper class, 60% middle class, & lower class
Poverty levels:
The poverty rate has dropped sustantially during the last decade but still remains stubbornly high at about 30% (more than 55% in rural areas). The government focused on good hygiene, sanitation protocols, and clean water to improve health. Unfortunately, poverty can still be seen as children are dropping out of school (from ages 6-14) to help support their families mostly by working at construction sites.
Current Events:
7 people (including 5 Americans) were killed in a helicopter crash on Feb, 5 2013
Peru's president Ollanta Humala met Obama at the White House on June 11, 2013
The Andes mountains
Large copper mine in the Andes mountains
small town in Peru
Culture (continued...)
the body of a Chilean man accused in the ritual killing/burning of a newborn boy was found hanging from a rope in an abandoned house May 2, 2013
Political (continued...)
Peru is located in the western part of South America and borders the Pacific Ocean. The climate is tropical in the east and dry in the west.
Some major rivers in Peru are:
Ucayali River, Maranon River, and the Putumayo River
Some major mountains in Peru are:
Andes Mountains, Huascaran, Yerupaja, and Coropuna
* Putumayo River
Characteristics of Peruvian art:
it has a lot of color, based on Incan art
Cui (Guinea pig)
Suspiro a la Limeña
Chulucanas pottery
Most popular sport in Peru:
Some types of foods eaten by Peruvivans are:
Peruvian textiles
Alex Acuña
(jazz drummer)

Natalie Vértiz
(model, Miss Peru 2011)
Famous Peruvians:
Peruvian painting
Traditional Peruvian musical instruments:
Markawasi statue (located in the Andes Mtn) :
known as the "Monument of Humanity" because it looks like a profile of a man's head
(writer won the 2010 Nobel Prize for literature)
a new town is built by a Chinese mining company in the Andes to which 5,000 people are relocated Jan 5, 2013
a rainy season affected over 180,000 people; floods and landslides destroyed about 3,561 homes and 1,601 schools Feb, 22 2013
US vs Peru currency:
1 Peruvian Nuevo Sol = 0.37 US dollar
Labor force:
16. 2 Million (world rank: 39)
Govenment type:
constitutional republic
(3 branches of govenment)
Current president: Ollanta Humala
GPD (purchasing power parity):
$325.4 billion (world rank: 40)
Man Power for Military:
Males age (16-49): 7, 385, 588 Females age (16-49): 7, 727, 623
Life Expectancy at Birth:
Total population: 72.98 years Males: 71.01 Females: 75.05
Literacy (age 15 and over can read/write):
Total population: 92.9%
Males: 96.4%

Females: 89.4%
Vargas Llosa
pan flute
July 1821- Peruvian War of Independence
May 1937- Battle of Ayacucho which was battle against the Spanish to end Spanish rule.
April 1879- War of the Pacific was when Chile declared war on Peru and Bolivia.
1983- El Nino caused floodings which made economy go down.
January 1995- War against Peru and Bolivia.
December 1996- Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement was a Marxist revolutionary group.
1998- Peru and Ecuador sign treaty to settle 57 year border dispute.
2005- Made road that reached the Amazon Rainforest and Brazil.
August 2007- Peru earthquake that was 7.9 magnitude.
February 2009-United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement was an agreement to to trade goods.
10 Major Events:
The Incas were the first major civilization of South America, then during the "Age of Exploration" the Spanish took over.
Colonial History:
On July 28, 1821 Peru got its independence from Spain
Famous “Revolution of 1895” in which Nicolás de Piérola became president once again after the "War of the Pacific" which removed the military from govenment power.
December 1996 Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement was a start by a group who believed in Marxism-Leninism and wanted to make Peru a socialist state.
Revolutions and Independence:
Francisco Pizarro
(Spaniard who conqered the Incas)
President Ollanta Humala Tasso
Uncontacted Amazonian Indian tribe in Peru which still exist today.
Macchu Picchu: the site of ancient Incan ruins located in the Cusco region of Peru
World Cup History (soccer): NA

Summer Olympic History:
1 Gold Metal
3 Silver Metal
0 Bronze Metal

Winter Olympics History - NA
Full transcript