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Transcript of India
The main languages spoken in india are English, Hindi, Bengal, Gujarati, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.There are a total of 18 languages spoken in India.
Other languages spoken in India are Marathi, Manipuri, Nepali, Assamese, Oriya, Kannada, Konkani, Punjabi, Malayalam and kashmiri.
Indian words English words
ek (ik) one
do (daw) tw0
tin (dean) three
namaste (nahm-as-teh) hello
shukrinya thank you mehabani seh please
The Indian government is struggling with issues like;
Tigers in India, the state minister says that now people can have a pet tiger. The idea is to increase the number of tigers by keeping them as pets.
India's budget could decrease because of foreign investor's tax fears.
Environment and people
India has many unique flowers and it is a magnet for visitors overseas to see these flowers. India is also home to a large variety of trees that grow fast and are very a beautiful green. India has more than 45 000 different types of flora.
India is affected by the monsoon seasons, but there is also a desert and a tropical rainforest. India is affected by the trade winds. The trade winds from both hemispheres meet and it brings heavy rain.
Basic information on India
Capital city - New Delhi
Language - Hindi and English are the main languages spoken
population- 1.22 billion, India is the second most populated country following China
flag- on the top is orange, in the middle of the flag is a symbol called the Ashoka Chakra it is navy blue and has 24 equal spokes.
Famous land marks- The most popular land mark is the the Taj mahal
States- India is divided into 36 states
Places Of Interest
There are many interesting places in India. From way back in the past to the present, E.G, the Taj Mahal, the Red Fort, Akshardham, India Gate,and Lake Palace. Each of these places are a tourist attraction.
by aiden p
Environment and people
There are many environment issues in India. Air pollution is one of the big problems in India but the water there is also polluted. There is poor management of waste and is rubbish is a problem. There is land and soil pollution this causes health issues and is the primary cause of disease.
India takes it's name from the River Indus. This river runs through Pakistan, which used to be a part of India.
Europeans had long referred to a great land mass in the Southern Ocean as ' Terra Australis incognito( the unknown Southern land). in the 19th century when it was discovered that the east and west were one land mass, Matthew Flinders called it Australia.
European settlers arrived in the 1830s, and the area won selection by ballot by the federal capital in 1908. Also a man named Walter Burlay Griffin entered a contest to see who could design Canberra, he was one of 137 entry's into the contest. Fortunately he's design had won.
Edwin Lutyens, 29Th of March 1869 to 1st of January 1944, he was a famous Architect he had designed many English houses back then. People referred to him as ''the Great British Architect''. He designed New Delhi just over the age of twenty it took 19 years to build.
The voting system
There are 36 states in India. Each state is governed by it's own Legislative Assembly. Elected members of the Legislative Assembly, plus twelve people elected by the Prime Minister, makes up the Rajya Sabha. India is also divided up by population, these area are called constituencies, one person is elected from each of these constituencies this forms the Lok Sabha. Lok Sabha plus Rajya Sabha equals parliament house. You get two pieces of paper one to vote for the general government leader and one for the state government leader.
within the state
San sad Bhavan
Environment and the people
There are many different land forms in India, all are different in each region but the land has good soil for growing crops. These are the different land forms in India, plains, beaches, waterfalls, mountains, Island, valleys, volcanoes and glaciers.
India has very rich fauna and flora it is estimated to have over 500 unique species. It is also estimated that there are 200 plus species of birds, 30 000 species of insects and about one hundred different types of reptiles For example it’s wildlife has Asian elephants, Bengal tigers and single horn rhinos.
Indian people have grown, spun and woven cotton textiles and silk for thousands of years. Today most of India's weaving is done by machines in factories. Many clothes are exported to other countries. India is famous for there bright colours and fancy details.
Each region in India makes different textiles. Kashmir is famous for its carpet with a middle design and a geometric border
Clothing in India varies by area by the area they live in. Not all people dress traditionally in India, but the clothing is always loose due to the boiling hot sun. Most women wear sarees which is made out of silk or cotton. It can be embroidered in beautiful colours for special days like Diwali. Many women have their nose pierced.
Men usually wear a dhoti. A dhoti is a white piece of cloth wrapped around the hips and pulled through the legs. Men who follow the Sikh religion wear turbans to tie up there long hair.
India has a different taste of fashion compared to Australia. Here are India's traditional clothes.
Men: The men wear Dhoti, Lungi and sherwani.
Women: The girls wear sarees, salwar kameez, Lehanga choli and kurtis.
Traditional Food, drink and eating customs
There are many different kinds of food in India. India is also known for there spices.
One of the traditional foods is biryani, it is an rice dish cooked with several spices, notably saffron and a protein ( typically chicken or mutton) that has been marinated. A very popular dish is tandoori, which is meat cooked in a very hot clay oven.
Also another dish is momos, it is a variation on the traditional dimsum, eaten with fiery wet chutney. Another dish is called vada it is a south Indian snack staple made of a lentil or flower batter fried into a doughnut shape.
Many Indians only eat vegtables and seafood cooked with fresh spices. Rice or bread is served with every meal. Indian breads are round and flat. The kitchen can be inside or outside. Electricity is often unreliable in the country, so ovens are fueled by coal or dung (POO). People often by or pick there food for the day because they don't have fridges.
Most Hindu people believe in a God called
Ganesha. He is in charge of good fortune, wisdom and learning. He has a head of an elephant and a body of a human but with four arms . Even some non Hindu Indians may have statues of Ganesha in there homes. There are also other gods like Ravana, he died and Ravana came back as 10 minor Gods. That is why Indians celebrate Diwali. There is Hanuman the God with a monkeys face, Sita and Rama. Diwali is celebrated in October to November every year. It's the most important festival in India's history.
The life style in India is different compared to Australia. India is a very peaceful country with many differ kinds of houses.In the cities of India people live in small flats and many others either live in tents or huts or even have no homes at all. Most people live in country villages. Some house are made of clay, bamboo or home made clay bricks. Large families live together in the same building.
India has about 35 cities with a population of more than one million. The increase in population is due to work.
Children go to school at the age of 6 to 14. Many children are too poor to go to school. Their families need them to stay at home and help farm or beg on the streets.Many young people left India because there wasn't any suitable jobs for them. Now good jobs are available e.g IT jobs, text title factories and car manufacturers . Many women are educated and can work full time.
Trade and industry
Most Indians work on farms producing rice, sugarcane and other crops. Workers in city factories produce cars and machinery. Some Indian cities are centres for computer technology, and provided work for technicians and programers.
India is the third largest producer of coal, it's country has a large number people, that it even needs to import coal as well.
Most of India's land is used for crops, city people buy these crops from the local market, however India still needs to import food due to there large population.
Many clothes are made in India and exported to other countries.
India is a major producer of computer technology. Their wages are low so other countries employ IT workers.
Workers are cheap in India compared to the western world. It is very profitable to set up factories in India for e.g car manufactures.
India imports from Australia the following; coal, gold, education relation travel and copper ore.
India exports to Australia; travel, medicine, cars, pearls and gems.
The currency of India is rupees and the exchange rate with the Australian dollar $47.35
Festivals and ceremonies
India has many cultural and religious festivals.There are festivals being held each day of the year. Each festival could have a couple of reasons why it is celebrated. Many people enjoy the festivals without being the religion.
Holi is also called the Festival of Colours, it is a colourful festival celebrated at the beginning of Spring.People can have fun by smearing each other with coloured powder or spraying coloured water. They sing and dance to the beat of a drum, at lunch time, they enjoy a special meal.
This festival celebrates the triumph of good over evil. The story is of Rama a king's son, and Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. Ravana kidnapped Rama's wife, Sita. Rama fought with Ravana and defeated his army with the help of the Monkey god Hanuma. Tall statues of Ravana are built with in the parks and they fill them with fireworks. At night time there set to light.
Diwali is also known as the festival of lights. It is the Hindu new year. It last for 5 days. People remember the day Rama brought his wife, Sita, back to his home Ayodhya. People light lamps called diyas to welcome Rama and Sita home. People wear new clothes, jewelery and eat sweets. At night all the lights are left on and Diyas are lit on outside houses and fire works are lit.