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Causes and Effects of the Russian Revolution
Transcript of Causes and Effects of the Russian Revolution
By Melissa Ibanez and Rebecca Torres
The Russian Revolution was basically a series of events that took place in Russia throughout 1917. Starting with Tsar Nicholas II ruling over the Russian empire in 1900 and resulting in the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II and the establishment of a communist state.
In 1900, Tsar Nicholas II, took over the Russian Empire. In 1904, Tsar took his country to war with Japan. Russia's shameful defeat affected the monarchy's prestige among all sectors of society, the nobility and the pesants, which lead to a revolution in 1905.
Tsar Nicholas II
World War I was the key factor of the revolution, because it had killed most of Russia amry.
Tsar's mistakes was another cause in the revolution. When he took over the army, he was blamed for the defeats.
The army man were fed up and decided to leave Tsar. On March 8, 1917 the was a roit in Petrograd about food shortage and the war. On March 12 Tsar wanted the army to go to Petrograd to stop the riots. The soldiers refused to go and stop the riots.
Spread of communists throughout the world
Division of the world into communist and capitalist camps--Cold War
Complete transformation of Russian society, government, economy.
end of autocratic rule
Tsar Nicholas II
1905 "Bloody Sunday"
On January 5, 1905, Father George Gapon led a group of workers in St. Petersberg to protest for imrovement of working conditions and establish a popular assembly. Troops opened fire on the protestors, which killed more than a 1000 people in what was known as "Bloody Sunday". As a result more workers in Russia went on strike. After this Tsar was forced to concede civil rights and a parliament to the Russian people.
Germany declares war on Russia, causing a brief sense of patriotic union amongst the Russian nation
After being defeated several times, Russia suffers shortages of supplies, including food and munitions.
St. Petersberg is renamed Petrogad
Revolts in Petrogad forced the Tsar to abdicate and a provisional republic was established
Lenin and the Bolsheviks take control in petrogad and overthrow the republic
Bolsheviks (Reds) fight and win a Civil War against the white army
Lenin established the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) under the control of the Communist party
Stalin became the sole ruler of the USSR and created a totalitarian state.