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Transcript of Megara
Will Cullen, and Caitlin Beacom
Period 3. Social Studies, Coombs Megara:An ancient greek city-state The daily life of the people in Megara was similar to the Greek life. They worshiped the same gods, like Artemis, Apollo, and Zeus and Hera. Megara did a great deal of training, not unlike other Greek city-states. Megara offered freedom to it's citizens, and lots of gorgeous temples and theaters.
Megarians were fisherman and farmers as well. They believed that dance was very important, thinking that it improved physical and mental health. Religion The Megarians worshiped some of the same gods and goddesses the Greeks did. They were a polytheistic religion. Among the deity's they worshiped were Zeus and Hera, king and queen of the heavens. Apollo, god of singing, dancing, and in general, entertainment and Artemis, Apollo's twin sister, goddess of maidens, the hunt, and the moon, were also worshiped.
Megarians made their temples very elaborate and beautiful, in order to worship their gods properly and in hopes of being blessed. Military In about 424 BC, Athens attacked Megara, as part of the Peloponnesian war. This was a hard time for the military of Megara. The Athenians were blocking off all trade and supply ships. Eventually, they defeated the Athenians.
The Military was generally made up of boys in their high teens, but men were also included. Daily Life Role of Men and Women The role of a woman was generally passed down to her daughter. She cooked, cleaned, and wove clothing. Simple domestic work. Women were controlled by men for almost every second of their lives. They had no say in government, and were not allowed to vote. It was also said that women in their teenage years would marry men in their 30s. The father always controlled who the women married.
Men were leaders of the house. Some were in the military, others were farmers, and some were fisherman. They could vote, unlike women. The government of Megara was originally an oligarchy, but later on switched into a democracy. However, only men could vote, and women were not at all allowed to vote. It is said that Megara's location on the Isthmus gave them great political power.
Megara was quite wealthy, and specialized in trading animal products like wool, and livestock like horses or cows. Young boys were taught by their mothers or a male slave as children. They went to school from age 7-14. They studied drama, public speaking, reading, writing, science, and poetry. They also learned how to play instruments: The flute and the lyre. They did a lot of mathematics. After age 14, they went to a higher school, and then went to military school for 2 years.
Young girls generally did not go to school. They were busily occupied by domestic work Their mothers taught them how to cook, clean, and weave clothing. They were in charge to keep the city-state clean. Role of Children Government Interesting Facts Megara was the name of Hercules' first wife.
A citizen of Megara was Byzas, who is credited with the creation of the city Byzantium.
There was a common saying about the Megarians; 'They build as if they are to live forever; they live as if they are to die tomorrow.' Works Cited http://www.unexplainable.net
www.roomss6.wikispaces.com/MEGARA+Period+7 Zues Hera Apollo Artemis Flute Lyre THE END!! Thank you for watching! We hoped you learned something new.